Navigation Links
Scientists show that mitochondrial DNA variants are linked to risk factors for type 2 diabetes
Date:8/13/2007

Monday, August 13, 2007 Today, researchers report for the first time that genetic variants in mitochondriaenergy-producing structures harboring DNA that are inherited only from the motherare directly linked to metabolic markers for type 2 diabetes. The study, which highlights the role of mitochondrial genome variation in the pathogenesis of common diseases, is published online in Genome Research (www.genome.org).

According to the Centers for Disease Control, 7% of the U.S. population has diabetes, and 90-95% of those cases are classified as type 2 diabetes. Type 2 diabetes is caused by external factors such as diet and exercise, and is influenced by several genes. While most of the genes known to be involved in diabetes susceptibility are located in the nuclear genome, a recent study estimated that more than 20% of type 2 diabetes cases may involve mutations in the mitochondrial genome.

In the study published today, the scientists compared two different rat strains; the strains possessed virtually identical nuclear genomes but different mitochondrial genomes. This eliminated any complicating effects due to environmental factors or variation in the nuclear genome. Any differences observed between the two rat strains could be attributed to variation in the mitochondria.

When comparing the two rat strains, the researchers found that the two strains exhibited significant differences related to energy metabolism and storage. One rat strain exhibited impaired glucose tolerance, reduced muscle glycogen synthesis, decreased skeletal muscle ATP (energy) levels, and decreased activity of an energy-producing enzyme called cytochrome c oxidase, when compared to the second rat strain. These metabolic characteristics are typical of diabetic individuals.

The researchers then obtained DNA sequences from mitochondria of both rat strains, and found DNA variants in genes that encode for proteins involved in energy production. Thus, for the first time, they were able to directly link inherited variation in the mitochondrial genome to metabolic markers for type 2 diabetes.

Our study highlights the role of mitochondrial DNA variation in common genetic diseases, says Dr. Theodore Kurtz, the lead investigator on the project. In addition, the animal models developed in this study will open the door for future studies in which the effects of mitochondrial genome variation can be investigated on fixed nuclear genetic backgrounds.


'/>"/>

Contact: Maria Smit
smit@cshl.edu
516-422-4127
Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory
Source:Eurekalert

Related biology news :

1. Wisconsin scientists grow critical nerve cells
2. Scientists ID molecular switch in liver that triggers harmful effects of saturated and trans fats
3. UCSB scientists probe sea floor venting to gain understanding of early life on Earth
4. UAB scientists discover the origin of a mysterious physical force
5. Fox Chase Cancer Center scientists identify immune-system mutation
6. Scientists Replicate Hepatitis C Virus in Laboratory
7. Scientists detect probable genetic cause of some Parkinsons disease cases
8. Scientists find missing enzyme for tuberculosis iron scavenging pathway
9. Scientists seek answers on what activates deadly anthrax spores
10. Yale Scientists Find MicroRNA Regulates Ras Cancer Gene
11. Scientists collaborate to assess health of global environment
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:3/24/2017)... Research and Markets has announced the addition of the "Global ... to 2025" report to their offering. ... The Global Biometric Vehicle Access System Market ... the next decade to reach approximately $1,580 million by 2025. ... for all the given segments on global as well as regional ...
(Date:3/22/2017)... March 21, 2017   Neurotechnology , a ... technologies, today announced the release of the ... provides improved facial recognition using up to 10 ... single computer. The new version uses deep neural-network-based ... and it utilizes a Graphing Processing Unit (GPU) ...
(Date:3/20/2017)... Germany , March 20, 2017 At this ... Hamburg -based biometrics manufacturer DERMALOG. The Chancellor came to the DERMALOG ... is this year,s CeBIT partner country. At the largest German ... biometrics in use: fingerprint, face and iris recognition as well as DERMALOG´s ... ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):
(Date:5/24/2017)... ... May 24, 2017 , ... Today, the South Davis ... Advanced Biological Nutrient Recovery (ABNR™) technology at its 4,000,000 gallon per day South ... to sustainably meet current and future nutrient discharge regulations. The ABNR platform, which ...
(Date:5/23/2017)... (PRWEB) , ... May 23, 2017 , ... ... FileSend, a cloud-based file transfer solution that makes it easy for organizations to ... having to worry about cumbersome FTP software or email file size limitations. ...
(Date:5/23/2017)... Washington, USA (PRWEB) , ... May 22, 2017 ... ... SPIE Optics and Photonics 2017 in San Diego, California, this August will ... reality, solar fuels, and autonomous vehicles. , SPIE Optics and Photonics, the largest ...
(Date:5/23/2017)... ... May 23, 2017 , ... Cambridge Semantics , the leading provider of ... Bio-IT World Conference and Expo in Boston May 23-25 with a featured speaker ... Anzo Smart Data Lake is also a finalist for the Best of Show award. ...
Breaking Biology Technology: