Navigation Links
Scientists reassemble the backbone of life with a particle acceleratorynchrotron X-rays
Date:1/13/2013

s were thought to have vertebrae composed of three sets of bones - one bone in front, one on top, and a pair behind. But, by peering inside the fossils using synchrotron X-rays we have discovered that this traditional view literally got it back-to-front," says Stephanie Pierce who is the lead author of the publication.

For the analysis, the European Synchrotron Radiation Facility (ESRF) in France, where the three fossil fragments were scanned with X-rays, applied a data extraction method to reveal tiny details of fossil bones buried deep inside the rock matrix. The fossilised bones are embedded in rock so dense it absorbs most of the X-rays. "Without the new method, it would not have been possible to reveal the elements of the spine in three dimensions with a resolution of 30 micrometres" says Sophie Sanchez from University of Uppsala and ESRF who is a co-author of the publication.

In these high-resolution X-ray images, the scientists discovered that what was thought to be the first bone - known as the intercentrum - is actually the last in the series. And, although this might seem like a trivial oversight, this re-arrangement in vertebral structure has over-arching ramifications for the functional evolution of the tetrapod backbone.

Stephanie Pierce explains: "By understanding how each of the bones fit together we can begin to explore the mobility of the spine and test how it may have transferred forces between the limbs during the early stages of land movement".

But, the findings didn't end there. One of the animals - known as Ichthyostega - was also found to have an assortment of hitherto unknown skeletal features including a string of bones extending down the middle of its chest.

Jennifer Clack says: "These chest bones turned out to be the earliest evolutionary attempt to produce a bony sternum. Such a structure would have strengthened the ribcage of Ichthyostega, permitting it to support its body weigh
'/>"/>

Contact: Claus Habfast
claus.habfast@esrf.fr
33-666-662-384
European Synchrotron Radiation Facility
Source:Eurekalert  

Page: 1 2 3

Related biology news :

1. Stanford scientists develop gene therapy approach to grow blood vessels in ischemic limbs
2. Queens scientists seek vaccine for Pseudomonas infection
3. Scientists produce eye structures from human blood-derived stem cells
4. American Society of Plant Biologists honors early career women scientists
5. Brandeis scientists win prestigious prize for circadian rhythms research
6. Scientists discover new method of proton transfer
7. Salk scientists open new window into how cancers override cellular growth controls
8. WileyChina.com - Now Featuring Bespoke Pages for China’s Life Scientists
9. Scientists win $2 million to study new pathway in development and maintenance of lymphoma
10. UGA scientists reveal genetic mutation depicted in van Goghs sunflower paintings
11. Genetic mutation depicted in van Goghs sunflower paintings revealed by scientists
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
Related Image:
Scientists reassemble the backbone of life with a particle acceleratorynchrotron X-rays
(Date:1/22/2015)... , Jan. 13, 2015  Today, FreeWavz ( www.FreeWavz.com ... its crowdfunding campaign on Fundable, https://www.fundable.com/freewavz . ... of production capacity to meet customer demand. ... - http://photos.prnewswire.com/prnh/20150113/168790 Invented ...
(Date:1/22/2015)... 2015 NXT-ID, Inc. (NASDAQ: NXTD and NXTDW) a ... the recent success of the Wocket™ smart wallet at CES 2015 in ... was named as one of the "11 Hot Products at CES" in ... At CES So Far" by Newseveryday.com and "The top 10 gadgets from ...
(Date:1/22/2015)... , Jan. 22, 2015 Research and Markets ... addition of the "Global Wearable Technologies Market ... Share, Overview, Trends and Forecast 2014-2020" report ... Technologies are smart devices that can be worn ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):FreeWavz Launches on Fundable to Drive Speed-to-Market in 2015 2CES Response for NXT-ID's Wocket Smart Wallet Kicks Off 2015 2CES Response for NXT-ID's Wocket Smart Wallet Kicks Off 2015 3Global Wearable Technologies Market and Applications, Opportunities, Industry Analysis, Segmentation, Size, Growth, Share, Overview, Trends and Forecast 2014-2020 2
... 2007 (Aliso Viejo, California) Ossur, an emerging leader ... a period of integration, is pleased to announce that ... of a two year cervical collar study performed by ... Tissue Interface Pressure from Four Cervical Collars, finds ...
... National Science Foundation has awarded Joan Edwards, the Washington ... professor of physics at Pomona College, a grant in ... of a high-speed imaging facility at Williams College for ... applications in the sciences. The project builds on ...
... researchers, in collaboration with the International Maize and ... research illustrates the major genetic improvements possible without ... use wild relatives of wheat as sources of ... team leader Dr Phil Larkin says. Unfortunately ...
Cached Biology News:Mayo Clinic study: Ossur's collars superior in immobilization and reduction of pressure 2NSF awards Williams funding for high-speed imaging faciltity 2Building disease-beating wheat 2
(Date:1/22/2015)... 22, 2015 Controlled Substance Compliance Services ... helps companies check the legal requirements around using controlled ... China. , As their international operations expand and ... software solutions built as a result of the first ...
(Date:1/22/2015)... Calif. , Jan. 22. 2015  Varian Medical Systems (NYSE: ... software, has been honored for its commitment to sustainability with ... companies. Varian is the highest ranked healthcare equipment company among ... today during the World Economic Forum at Davos, ...
(Date:12/24/2014)... , Dec. 24, 2014 PlasmaTech Biopharmaceuticals, Inc. (NASDAQ: ... areas, announced the closing of an underwritten public offering of ... to an aggregate 3,500,000 shares of common stock, at an ... The warrants have a per share exercise price of $5.00, ...
(Date:12/24/2014)... December 23, 2014 Earlier this year in ... director of the Adult Stem Cell Technology Center, LLC ( ... appreciated unique property of adult tissue stem cells. His ... Past, Important for the Future,” embodied the essence of his ...
Breaking Biology Technology:Global Compliance Service for Controlled Substances to Expand to China 2Varian Honored Among World's 100 Most Sustainable Corporations 2PlasmaTech Biopharmaceuticals, Inc. Announces Closing of Public Offering 2PlasmaTech Biopharmaceuticals, Inc. Announces Closing of Public Offering 3Adult Stem Cell Technology Center, LLC’s Director Sherley's Address on What’s Holding Back Regenerative Medicine Featured on Omics Group Website 2Adult Stem Cell Technology Center, LLC’s Director Sherley's Address on What’s Holding Back Regenerative Medicine Featured on Omics Group Website 3Adult Stem Cell Technology Center, LLC’s Director Sherley's Address on What’s Holding Back Regenerative Medicine Featured on Omics Group Website 4
... ... Details Productivity Gains, Process Improvements Realized with Quantros Accreditation and Compliance Excellence Solution ... San Francisco, CA ... and professional services solutions for the healthcare industry , announced today the highly ...
... LOUIS, July 21 SAFC Supply Solutions, a business segment of ... Group (Nasdaq: SIAL ), today announced the launch of ... meet the demands of the burgeoning molecular diagnostics market and provide ... manufactured raw materials. , , The ...
... capturing significantly more heat from low-temperature geothermal resources ... Scientists at the Department of Energy,s Pacific Northwest ... can safely and economically extract and convert heat ... goal is to enable power generation from low-temperature ...
Cached Biology Technology:Quantros ACE Helps East Jefferson General Hospital Achieve Best-in-Class Performance 2Quantros ACE Helps East Jefferson General Hospital Achieve Best-in-Class Performance 3SAFC Supply Solutions(R) Announces Raw Materials Line Developed Specifically to Meet Molecular Diagnostics Manufacturing Requirements 2SAFC Supply Solutions(R) Announces Raw Materials Line Developed Specifically to Meet Molecular Diagnostics Manufacturing Requirements 3New geothermal heat extraction process to deliver clean power generation 2
Human endothelial progenitor cells, For immunohistochemistry (IHC) Cell Chip with Human Peripheral Blood Dendritic Cells and EPCs...
Umbilical cord blood neutrophils, For immunohistochemistry (IHC)...
...
Request Info...
Biology Products: