Navigation Links
Scientists link immune system's natural killer cells to infant liver disease
Date:7/22/2009

CINCINNATI Scientists have linked an overactive response by one of the immune system's key weapons against infection natural killer, or NK, cells to the onset of biliary atresia in infants, a disease where blocked bile ducts can cause severe liver damage and death.

Researchers at Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center also report that blocking a gene that helps NK cells attack bile duct tissues lessens damage and may be a way to treat the most common cause of chronically progressive liver disease in children. The study, to be published in the Aug. 3 Journal of Clinical Investigation, is posted online on the journal's website.

"Our findings underscore the developing immune system's role in causing injury to bile ducts soon after birth, and they have implications for developing new therapies to block the disease by targeting certain cells or pro-inflammatory circuits," said Jorge A. Bezerra, M.D., the study's senior investigator and research director of the Division of Gastroenterology, Hepatology and Nutrition at Cincinnati Children's.

"The next steps for translating these findings into clinical application would include pre-clinical trials of biologics to halt disease progression by blocking the Nkg2d receptor and depleting NK cells at the time biliary atresia is diagnosed," he added.

Very little is known about the cause of biliary atresia, although it has been traced to the immune system responding to an infection in the liver and bile ducts. Surface tissues inside the bile ducts are damaged, which in turn allows inflammatory cells to block the duct and the ongoing accumulation of fibrotic tissue. Biliary atresia affects about one in every 15,000 babies.

The current frontline treatment is surgery to remove and replace obstructed bile ducts with sections of the child's intestine. Without surgery, bile cannot enter the intestines to aid digestion, and instead backs up into and damages the liver.
'/>"/>

Contact: Nick Miller
nicholas.miller@cchmc.org
513-803-6035
Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center
Source:Eurekalert  

Page: 1 2

Related biology news :

1. UK scientists working to help cut ID theft
2. Scientists show that mitochondrial DNA variants are linked to risk factors for type 2 diabetes
3. Comet probes reveal evidence of origin of life, scientists claim
4. Scientists link fragile X tremor/ataxia syndrome to binding protein in RNA
5. Male elephants get photo IDs from scientists
6. Scientists retrace evolution with first atomic structure of an ancient protein
7. Muscle mass: Scientists identify novel mode of transcriptional regulation during myogenesis
8. Carnegie Mellon scientists develop nanogels that enable controlled delivery of carbohydrate drugs
9. Clemson scientists shed light on molecules in living cells
10. Scientists tackle mystery mountain illness
11. T. rex quicker than Becks, say scientists
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
Related Image:
Scientists link immune system's natural killer cells to infant liver disease
(Date:10/30/2014)... 2014—Oligonucleotide-based therapeutics present unique challenges when it comes ... developmental harm. New consensus guidelines for toxicity testing ... biological characteristics of these novel biopharmaceuticals are presented ... journal from Mary Ann Liebert, Inc. publishers ... Nucleic Acid Therapeutics website until November ...
(Date:10/29/2014)... and gas production are well over recommended levels in ... journal Environmental Health . High levels of benzene, ... the first to be based on community sampling by ... used to supplement official air-quality monitoring programs. , Unconventional ... readily flow to the surface. This is because they ...
(Date:10/29/2014)... been blamed for increasing the risk of a ... history of schizophrenia, are widely accepted. Others, such ... parasite transmitted by soil, undercooked meat and cat ... new study by Gary Smith, professor of population ... School of Veterinary Medicine, used epidemiological modeling methods ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):New guidelines for reproductive & developmental toxicity testing of oligonucleotide drugs 2Air quality and unconventional oil and gas sites 2Air quality and unconventional oil and gas sites 3Penn vet professor investigates parasite-schizophrenia connection 2Penn vet professor investigates parasite-schizophrenia connection 3
... developed a small-molecule inhibitor of a protein that plays ... they show that the inhibitor can halt the growth ... culture. The findings are reported in companion papers reported ... Jan-Michael Peters of the Research Institute of Molecular Pathology ...
... developed at the University of Toronto is revealing biochemical ... could one day pave the way for pharmaceutical applications. ... issue of Molecular Cell describes how U of T ... test for proteins that play an important role in ...
... popular game fish mistaken by scientists for a dog ... reefs of the Abrolhos region of the South Atlantic ... discovery of Lutjanus alexandrei, a new snapper species that ... of Conservation International (CI) and Kenyon Lindeman of Environmental ...
Cached Biology News:New protein inhibitor impedes growth of cancerous cells 2Technology reveals 'lock and key' proteins behind diseases 2New species of snapper discovered in Brazil 2
(Date:10/30/2014)... FREMONT, Calif. , Oct. 30, 2014 /PRNewswire/ ... clinical-stage biopharmaceutical company focused on cardio-renal, gastrointestinal and ... third quarter 2014 financial results on Thursday, November ... team will host a live conference call and ... financial results and provide a business update. ...
(Date:10/30/2014)... CA (PRWEB) October 30, 2014 ... today that they have manually curated public data source ... non profit customers. the data is now available ... curates and unifies public and internal data sources for ... and knowledge out of the data that becomes more ...
(Date:10/30/2014)... Ras Al Khaimah, UAE (PRWEB) October 30, 2014 ... the appointment of Dr. James A. Manganello, Chairman of the ... (NSCEC) of The Bahamas. The appointment was made by ... The Bahamas on September 24th, 2014. , More ... Cell Therapy and Research Bill , Prime Minister Perry Christie ...
(Date:10/30/2014)... The severe flooding that devastated a wide swath of ... the bridges, roads and other infrastructure had been upgraded ... University of Colorado Denver. , "People need to understand ... PhD, associate professor of structural engineering at the CU ... author the study. "There is an assumption that a ...
Breaking Biology Technology:Ardelyx to Report Third Quarter 2014 Financial Results on November 6, 2014 2Rancho BioSciences Manually Curated TCGA Data Sets Available 2Grace Century’s Stem Cell Biobank Project Announces Chairman’s Appointment to National Stem Cell Ethics Committee of The Bahamas 2Grace Century’s Stem Cell Biobank Project Announces Chairman’s Appointment to National Stem Cell Ethics Committee of The Bahamas 3CU Denver study says upgrading infrastructure could reduce flood damage 2
... ... Capital,s client Neuren Pharmaceuticals Ltd (ASX:NEU) has agreed an AU$6.7 mil convertible note private ... as Neuren,s exclusive placement agent and advisor. , ... New York (PRWEB) November 23, 2009 -- The independent ...
... ... deCODE,genetics, Inc. (Nasdaq: DCGN ) today announced that it has ... common stock will be,suspended as of November 30, 2009 and a ... will remove deCODE,s common stock,from listing on Nasdaq, unless the company ...
... ... deCODE,genetics, Inc. (Nasdaq: DCGN ) today announced the approval of all of ... Delaware,(the "Bankruptcy Court"). deCODE last week filed a voluntary petition for,relief under ... The orders issued by the Bankruptcy Court allow ...
Cached Biology Technology:KTA Capital Arranges an AU$6.7 Million Private Placement by Neuren Pharmaceuticals 2deCODE Receives Delisting Notice From Nasdaq, Plans to Appeal 2deCODE Receives Delisting Notice From Nasdaq, Plans to Appeal 3deCODE genetics, Inc. Announces Approval of First Day Motions by Bankruptcy Court 2deCODE genetics, Inc. Announces Approval of First Day Motions by Bankruptcy Court 3
... mg/L sodium pyruvate, 50 mg/L streptomycin sulfate, ... calcium chloride, and magnesium chloride. The use ... tissue culture is generally attributed to early ... Ringer developed a solution of inorganic salts ...
... dramatic breakthrough in accurate, small-volume bulk dispensing. Dispensing ... micro 1 has unique advantages not found in ... never needs re-calibration as do other 1mL dispensers. ... LCD Display , Graphical Row Selection , 96-,384- ...
... Rabbit polyclonal to Rad51 ( Abpromise ... Antigen: Synthetic peptide: ... N terminal amino acids 15-29 of ... Gene ID: 5888 ...
... performance agitation and temperature control for microbiology ... wells independently and is suitable for DASGIP ... working volume. Its temperature ranges from approximately ... well is equipped with an individual electrical ...
Biology Products: