Navigation Links
Salmonella stays deadly with a 'beta' version of cell behavior
Date:8/14/2011

COLUMBUS, Ohio Salmonella cells have hijacked the protein-building process to maintain their ability to cause illness, new research suggests.

Scientists say that these bacteria have modified what has long been considered typical cell behavior by using a beta form of an amino acid as opposed to an alpha form during the act of making proteins.

Beta versions of amino acids occur in nature under rare and specific circumstances, but have never been observed as part of protein synthesis. Before this finding, in fact, researchers had determined that virtually all proteins were constructed with the alpha forms of amino acids.

This work has shown that when researchers delete any one of three genes from the process that makes use of the beta form of the amino acid, or if they insert the alpha form in the beta version's place, Salmonella cells are no longer able to cause disease. The amino acid in question is lysine, one of 22 genetically encoded amino acids that are strung together in cells to make proteins.

"When these genes were knocked out, the cells became sensitive to antibiotics. And if we put beta lysine into the medium where cells were growing, they became resistant to antibiotics," said Michael Ibba, professor of microbiology at Ohio State University and a senior author of the study. "So we could see the beta amino acid being taken up and used. The cells really do need the beta amino acid to be resistant to antibiotics, and for other aspects of their virulence."

This finding suggests that the process using this specific beta amino acid could be an attractive antibiotic target for this common pathogen, the researchers say.

The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention estimates that about 1.4 million people in the United States are infected with Salmonella each year, though only 40,000 cases are reported. Most people infected with Salmonella develop diarrhea, fever and abdomi
'/>"/>

Contact: Michael Ibba
Ibba.1@osu.edu
614-292-2120
Ohio State University
Source:Eurekalert

Page: 1 2 3

Related biology news :

1. The medium is the message: Manipulating salmonella in spaceflight curtails infectiousness
2. Yale researchers uncover secrets of salmonellas stealth attack
3. Hygienic Lab at U. Iowa first to confirm salmonella in nationwide outbreak
4. Probiotic without effect against Salmonella
5. Faster Salmonella detection now possible with new technique
6. Mechanism uncovered behind Salmonella virulence and drug susceptibility
7. MU scientist develops salmonella test that makes food safer, reduce recalls
8. Zooming in on the weapons of Salmonella
9. Salmonella utilize multiple modes of infection
10. Bacterium Salmonella enterica regulates virulence according to iron levels found in its surroundings
11. New target found for nitric oxides attack on salmonella bacteria
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:9/19/2014)... Nxt-ID, Inc. (Nasdaq: NXTD and NXTDW) ... growing m-commerce market, updates the "Wocket in Your Pocket" celebrity ad ... light middleweight weight classes, Vinny Pazienza (PAZ). ... Game of Thrones actor Ciaran Hinds and ... Katey Sagal have been cast in Bleed for ...
(Date:9/18/2014)... moon of Uranus, is one of the most visually ... its relatively small size, Miranda appears to have experienced ... formation of at least three remarkable and unique surface ... coronae are visible in Miranda,s southern hemisphere, and each ... the largest, has ridges and troughs with up to ...
(Date:9/18/2014)... matter how many times it,s demonstrated, it,s still ... , But by using a signaling system ... their behavior to suit their population. In short, ... present, and act accordingly. , Once the population ... change from innocuous to pathogenic, or from unhelpful ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):NXT-ID's Vinny Paz Celebrity Ad Wocket Update: Katey Sagal and Ciaran Hinds Attached to His Upcoming Movie 2NXT-ID's Vinny Paz Celebrity Ad Wocket Update: Katey Sagal and Ciaran Hinds Attached to His Upcoming Movie 3Miranda: An icy moon deformed by tidal heating 2Miranda: An icy moon deformed by tidal heating 3Miranda: An icy moon deformed by tidal heating 4Miranda: An icy moon deformed by tidal heating 5Miranda: An icy moon deformed by tidal heating 6Miranda: An icy moon deformed by tidal heating 7Researchers study vital 'on/off switches' that control when bacteria turn deadly 2Researchers study vital 'on/off switches' that control when bacteria turn deadly 3
... the scientific journal Zootaxa , researchers from Madagascar and ... The new bird was named Mentocrex beankaensis , ... and the new species beankaensis being coined after ... This species was distinguished from another in the same genus, ...
... by Edward Yu of Iowa State University and the Ames Laboratory ... pumps toxins from bacteria and allows them to resist antibiotics. ... journal Nature . The paper describes the co-crystal structure ... removes heavy metal toxins from bacteria. A research team led by ...
... compounds during the last year in search of potential new ... that one substance shows unusual promise. The early positive signs ... and cell cultures, they say in a report in ACS, ... colleagues, who include Nobel Laureate Stanley B. Prusiner, explain that ...
Cached Biology News:New bird to science emphasizes the critical need to conserve the remaining dry forests of Madagascar 2Iowa State, Ames Lab researchers describe the pump that bacteria use to resist drugs 2
(Date:9/19/2014)... 2014  Nektar Therapeutics (NASDAQ: NKTR ... the analgesic profiles of a series of the ... molecules. The preclinical research candidates were created using ... The analgesic properties of kappa receptor agonism ... Kappa opioid receptors are expressed in the ...
(Date:9/19/2014)... Florida , September 19, 2014 ... release latest developments, patents and results of studies and ... Eli Lilly and Company (NYSE: LLY ), ... Corporation (NASDAQ: CELG ) and Arena Pharmaceuticals ... a leader in developing prodrug therapeutics for the treatment ...
(Date:9/19/2014)... Minnesota (PRWEB) September 19, 2014 ... related food industries will gather October 5–8, 2014, ... the Rhode Island Convention Center in Providence, Rhode ... feature the work of food scientists, chemists, microbiologists, ... control, and food production management. To date, 1,000 ...
(Date:9/19/2014)... Massachusetts , September 19, 2014 ... the 53rd European Society for Paediatric Endocrinology (ESPE) Meeting  ... of science and medical research in the field of ... Merck KGaA, Darmstadt, Germany , today ... Innovation (GGI) for 2014. The awards were announced during ...
Breaking Biology Technology:Nektar Presents Positive Preclinical Data on Oral, Peripherally-Acting Kappa Agonist Molecules at 2014 American Academy of Pain Management Meeting 2Nektar Presents Positive Preclinical Data on Oral, Peripherally-Acting Kappa Agonist Molecules at 2014 American Academy of Pain Management Meeting 3Nektar Presents Positive Preclinical Data on Oral, Peripherally-Acting Kappa Agonist Molecules at 2014 American Academy of Pain Management Meeting 4Nektar Presents Positive Preclinical Data on Oral, Peripherally-Acting Kappa Agonist Molecules at 2014 American Academy of Pain Management Meeting 5Biotech Companies Pushing Sector Higher With Recent Therapeutic Advancements & Patent Approvals - Company Wins Summary Judgment For Prodrug Patent 2Biotech Companies Pushing Sector Higher With Recent Therapeutic Advancements & Patent Approvals - Company Wins Summary Judgment For Prodrug Patent 3Biotech Companies Pushing Sector Higher With Recent Therapeutic Advancements & Patent Approvals - Company Wins Summary Judgment For Prodrug Patent 4Biotech Companies Pushing Sector Higher With Recent Therapeutic Advancements & Patent Approvals - Company Wins Summary Judgment For Prodrug Patent 5Biotech Companies Pushing Sector Higher With Recent Therapeutic Advancements & Patent Approvals - Company Wins Summary Judgment For Prodrug Patent 6Biotech Companies Pushing Sector Higher With Recent Therapeutic Advancements & Patent Approvals - Company Wins Summary Judgment For Prodrug Patent 7Latest Research on Cereal Grain Quality, Health Benefits and Food Production to be Presented During the AACC International Annual Meeting 2Latest Research on Cereal Grain Quality, Health Benefits and Food Production to be Presented During the AACC International Annual Meeting 3EMD Serono Awards Grant for Growth Innovation (GGI) for the First Time 2EMD Serono Awards Grant for Growth Innovation (GGI) for the First Time 3
... , RESEARCH TRIANGLE PARK, N.C. , Feb. 4 ... company developing orally available antiviral therapeutics, announced today that ... as Chief Medical Officer.   , Dr. Painter has more ... work in clinical development, clinical safety and pharmacovigilance, and occupational ...
... ... at India World CEO Forum , ... New Delhi (Vocus) -- Industry has a unique opportunity today to engage, innovate and ... P. Vergnano at the World CEO Forum of the Delhi Sustainable Development Summit ...
... RICHMOND, Calif. , Feb. 3 Sangamo BioSciences, Inc. (Nasdaq: ... and accomplishments and provided an outlook for 2010. , For the fourth ... of $2.4 million , or $0.05 per share, compared to ... share, for the same period in 2008. As of December 31, 2009 ...
Cached Biology Technology:Chimerix Names Wendy Painter, M.D., M.P.H., as Chief Medical Officer 2Chimerix Names Wendy Painter, M.D., M.P.H., as Chief Medical Officer 3Sustainability Is A Business Imperative 2Sangamo BioSciences Reports Fourth Quarter and Full Year 2009 Financial Results 2Sangamo BioSciences Reports Fourth Quarter and Full Year 2009 Financial Results 3Sangamo BioSciences Reports Fourth Quarter and Full Year 2009 Financial Results 4Sangamo BioSciences Reports Fourth Quarter and Full Year 2009 Financial Results 5Sangamo BioSciences Reports Fourth Quarter and Full Year 2009 Financial Results 6Sangamo BioSciences Reports Fourth Quarter and Full Year 2009 Financial Results 7Sangamo BioSciences Reports Fourth Quarter and Full Year 2009 Financial Results 8Sangamo BioSciences Reports Fourth Quarter and Full Year 2009 Financial Results 9Sangamo BioSciences Reports Fourth Quarter and Full Year 2009 Financial Results 10Sangamo BioSciences Reports Fourth Quarter and Full Year 2009 Financial Results 11Sangamo BioSciences Reports Fourth Quarter and Full Year 2009 Financial Results 12Sangamo BioSciences Reports Fourth Quarter and Full Year 2009 Financial Results 13
Human Norrin Biotinylated Affinity Purified PAb Protein Family: Other Growth Factors, Other Wnt-related Molecules...
Human VASA Biotinylated Affinity Purified PAb...
Immunogen: Synthetic Peptide: C N(185) D G T E F G G S I Y Q K(197) Storage: -20 C, Avoid Freeze/Thaw Cycles...
interferon-related developmental regulator 2...
Biology Products: