Navigation Links
Risk of developing diabetes higher in neighborhoods that aren't walk-friendly: Study
Date:9/17/2012

TORONTO, Sept. 17, 2012Whether your neighbourhood is conducive to walking could determine your risk for developing diabetes, according to a new study by researchers at St. Michael's Hospital and the Institute for Clinical Evaluative Sciences.

Researchers found this risk was particularly high for new immigrants living in low-income neighbourhoods. A new immigrant living in a less walkable neighbourhood fewer destinations within a 10-minute walk, lower residential density, poorly connected streets was about 50 per cent more likely to develop diabetes when compared to long-term residents living in the most walkable areas, regardless of neighbourhood income.

"Although diabetes can be prevented through physical activity, healthy eating and weight loss, we found the environment in which one lives is also an important indicator for determining risk," said Dr. Gillian Booth, an endocrinologist and researcher at St. Michael's and lead author of the study published online in the journal Diabetes Care today.

For new immigrants, environment is an especially important factor as past research has shown an accelerated risk of obesity-related conditions including diabetes within the first 10 years of arrival to Canada, said Dr. Booth, who is also an adjunct scientist at ICES.

While diabetes is on the rise in Canada, the same trends are occurring globally, even in less industrialized countries. This is due in part to the move from rural to urban living in developing countries often associated with increased exposure to unhealthy foods, fewer opportunities for physical activity and a heightened risk of becoming obese and developing diabetes.

The study looked at data from the entire population of Toronto aged 30-64 more than 1 million people and identified those who didn't have diabetes. It then followed them for five years to see if their risk of developing diabetes increased based on where they live.

To determine which neighbourhoods were more conducive to walking, researchers developed an index looking at factors such as population density, street connectivity and the availability of walkable destinations such as retail stores and service within a 10-minute walk.

Dr. Booth said neighbourhoods that were the least walkable were often newly developed areas characterized by urban sprawl in part because of the reliance on cars caused by suburban design.

"Previous studies have looked at how walkable neighbourhoods affect health behaviour, but this is the first to look at the risk of developing a disease," said Dr. Booth.

Dr. Booth said the results emphasize the importance of neighbourhood design in influencing the health of urban populations.


'/>"/>

Contact: Kate Taylor
TaylorKa@smh.ca
416-864-6094
St. Michael's Hospital
Source:Eurekalert

Related biology news :

1. Family history of liver cancer increases risk of developing the disease
2. Research4Life greatly expands peer-reviewed research available to developing world
3. Medbox Developing a Patent Pending Wall-Mounted Biometric Kiosk for Storage of Sensitive Medicine Samples and Supplies for Doctors Offices.
4. Agricultural expert outlines path for developing nations to double food production, meet 2050 demand
5. VTT and GE Healthcare developing novel biomarkers to predict Alzheimers disease
6. UMass Amherst biochemists developing tools to stop plague and other bacterial threats
7. Developing world has less than 5 percent chance of meeting UN child hunger target, study estimates
8. Developing policy on moving threatened species called a grand challenge for conservation
9. UC Riverside developing biofuel formulations for California
10. Students create low-cost biosensor to detect contaminated water in developing nations
11. Diabetes Research Institute develops oxygen-generating biomaterial
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:3/16/2017)... CeBIT 2017 - Against identity fraud with DERMALOG solutions "Made in Germany ... ... in one project, multi-biometric solutions provide a crucial contribution against identity fraud. (PRNewsFoto/Dermalog Identification Systems) ... Used combined in one project, multi-biometric solutions provide a crucial ... ...
(Date:3/7/2017)... -- Brandwatch , the leading social intelligence company, today announces ... to uncover insights to support its reporting, help direct future campaigns, ... leading youth charity will be using Brandwatch Analytics social listening and ... understanding of the topics and issues that are a priority for ... "Until ...
(Date:3/2/2017)... Summary This report provides all the information ... partnering interests and activities since 2010. Download the ... Deals and Alliance since 2010 report provides an in-depth ... world,s leading life sciences companies. On demand ... of the most up to date deal and company ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):
(Date:3/23/2017)... NetworkNewsWire Editorial Coverage  ... Cancer remains one of ... health care systems, in terms of costs and resources. However, ... the development of innovative and efficient therapies that demonstrate higher ... types of cancer treatments, a growing number of patients receiving ...
(Date:3/22/2017)... , March 22, 2017 Regeneron Pharmaceuticals, Inc. ... Regeneron Genetics Center (RGC), U.K. Biobank and GSK to generate ... U.K. Biobank resource. The initiative will enable researchers to gain ... medicines for a wide range of serious and life threatening ... ...
(Date:3/22/2017)... JERUSALEM , March 22, 2017 ... ( www.oramed.com ), ... of oral drug delivery systems, announced today that ... Officer, will deliver a presentation titled, "Oral Insulin ... upcoming Cambridge Healthtech Institute,s Oligonucleotide and Peptide Therapeutics ...
(Date:3/22/2017)... , March 22, 2017   Boston Biomedical ... cancer therapeutics designed to target cancer stemness pathways, today ... S. Andrews as Chief Executive Officer, effective April ... Chiang J. Li , M.D., FACP, who has ... years ago. Under his leadership, Boston Biomedical has grown ...
Breaking Biology Technology: