Navigation Links
Researchers uncover origins of cattle farming in China
Date:11/8/2013

An international team of researchers, co-led by scientists at the University of York and Yunnan Normal University, has produced the first multi-disciplinary evidence for management of cattle populations in northern China, around the same time cattle domestication took place in the Near East, over 10,000 years ago.

The domestication of cattle is a key achievement in human history. Until now, researchers believed that humans started domesticating cattle around 10,000 years ago in the Near East, which gave rise to humpless (taurine) cattle, while two thousand years later humans began managing humped cattle (zebu) in Southern Asia.

However, the new research, which is published in Nature Communications, reveals morphological and genetic evidence for management of cattle in north-eastern China around 10,000 years ago, around the same time the first domestication of taurine cattle took place in the Near East. This indicates that humans may have started domesticating cows in more regions around the world than was previously believed.

A lower jaw of an ancient cattle specimen was discovered during an excavation in north-east China, and was carbon dated to be 10,660 years old. The jaw displayed a unique pattern of wear on the molars, which, the researchers say, is best explained to be the results of long-term human management of the animal. Ancient DNA from the jaw revealed that the animal did not belong to the same cattle lineages that were domesticated in the Near East and South Asia.

The combination of the age of the jaw, the unique wear and genetic signature suggests that this find represents the earliest evidence for cattle management in north-east China; a time and place not previously considered as potential domestication centre for cattle.

The research was co-led in the Department of Biology at the University of York by Professor Michi Hofreiter and Professor Hucai Zhang of Yunnan Normal University.

Professor Hofreiter said: "The specimen is unique and suggests that, similar to other species such as pigs and dogs, cattle domestication was probably also a complex process rather than a sudden event." Johanna Paijmans, the PhD student at York who performed the DNA analysis, said: "This is a really exciting example of the power of multi-disciplinary research; the wear pattern on the lower jaw itself is already really interesting, and together with the carbon dating and ancient DNA we have been able to place it in an even bigger picture of early cattle management."


'/>"/>

Contact: David Garner
david.garner@york.ac.uk
44-019-043-22153
University of York
Source:Eurekalert

Related biology news :

1. UT Southwestern researchers identify how body clock affects inflammation
2. Researchers suggest plan to address hypoxia in Gulf of Mexico
3. Researchers advocate for climate adaptation science
4. UMMS researchers answer century old question about 3D structure of mitotic chromosomes
5. NIH funds researchers using light to control and monitor neural activity
6. Researchers regrow hair, cartilage, bone, soft tissues
7. Stanford researchers surprised to find how neural circuits identify information needed for decisions
8. Lawrence Livermore researchers unveil carbon nanotube jungles to better detect molecules
9. 23 researchers join network of EMBO Young Investigators
10. Breakthrough by Temple researchers could lead to new treatment for heart attack
11. Temple researchers uncover clues to how existing heart drugs work
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:7/31/2020)... ... 30, 2020 , ... BioFactura, Inc. today announced a $1 ... Science & Technology Office—Chemical and Biological Defense (JSTO-CBD) of the Department of Defense ... highly efficient mammalian cell culture-based bioprocess suitable to meet surge requirement needs for ...
(Date:7/18/2020)... ... July 16, 2020 , ... A study has ... Invictus Medical Neoasis™ active noise control device to attenuate typical noises in a ... device attenuated the alarm sounds from patient monitors, ventilators and other bedside devices ...
(Date:7/10/2020)... ... ... Today CJ BIO announced the first in a series of Food Ingredient MasterClass ... is revolutionizing ingredient mixes, nutritional content and flavor profiles across a range of savory ... at11:00 AM (CDT) during SHIFT20, the virtual edition of the IFT Annual Meeting & ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):
(Date:7/31/2020)... (PRWEB) , ... July 29, 2020 , ... ... reliable, solid-state radar transmitter systems that can be configured to drive Klystrons, TWTs, ... controller that can drive one or two switches in a push-pull configuration; yielding ...
(Date:7/31/2020)... and SOMERSET, N.J (PRWEB) , ... July 29, ... ... genome editing company, and Catalent, the leading global provider of advanced delivery technologies, ... health products, today announced that they have entered into a strategic partnership whereby ...
(Date:7/31/2020)... ... July 29, 2020 , ... ... the top radiation centers in 16 countries, has reached its 20th anniversary of ... now in routine use at top universities including University of Pennsylvania, University of ...
(Date:7/22/2020)... ... July 22, 2020 , ... Join experts from Reed Tech , Gary ... in a one hour live webinar on Thursday, August 13, 2020 at ... drugs and medical devices. Specifically, for medical devices, the NMPA has departments dealing with ...
Breaking Biology Technology: