Navigation Links
Researchers successfully simulate photosynthesis and design a better leaf
Date:11/9/2007

University of Illinois researchers have built a better plant, one that produces more leaves and fruit without needing extra fertilizer. The researchers accomplished the feat using a computer model that mimics the process of evolution. Theirs is the first model to simulate every step of the photosynthetic process.

The research findings appear in the October issue of Plant Physiology, and will be presented today at the BIO-Asia 2007 Conference in Bangkok, Thailand. The research was sponsored by the National Science Foundation.

Photosynthesis converts light energy into chemical energy in plants, algae, phytoplankton and some species of bacteria and archaea. Photosynthesis in plants involves an elaborate array of chemical reactions requiring dozens of protein enzymes and other chemical components. Most photosynthesis occurs in a plants leaves.

The question we wanted to ask, was, Can we do better than the plant, in terms of productivity? said principal investigator Steve Long, a professor of plant biology and crop sciences at the University of Illinois.

It wasnt feasible to tackle this question with experiments on actual plants, Long said. With more than 100 proteins involved in photosynthesis, testing one protein at a time would require an enormous investment of time and money.

But now that we have the photosynthetic process in silico, we can test all possible permutations on the supercomputer, he said.

The researchers first had to build a reliable model of photosynthesis, one that would accurately mimic the photosynthetic response to changes in the environment. This formidable task relied on the computational resources available at the National Center for Supercomputing Applications.

Xin-Guang Zhu, a research scientist at the center and in plant biology, worked with Long and Eric de Sturler, formerly a specialist in computational mathematics in computer sciences at Illinois, to realize this model.'/>"/>

Contact: Diana Yates
diya@uiuc.edu
217-333-5802
University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign  
Source:Eurekalert

Page: 1 2 3

Related biology news :

1. Researchers identify proteins involved in new neurodegenerative syndrome
2. Texas researchers and educators head for Antarctica
3. MGH researchers describe new way to identify, evolve novel enzymes
4. University of Pennsylvania researchers develop formula to gauge risk of disease clusters
5. U of MN researchers discover noninvasive diagnostic tool for brain diseases
6. U of Minnesota researchers discover noninvasive diagnostic tool for brain diseases
7. Researchers discover new strategies for antibiotic resistance
8. Researchers find new taste in fruit flies: carbonated water
9. Binghamton University researchers investigate evolving malaria resistance
10. UIC researchers find promising new targets for antibiotics
11. Researchers develop simple method to create natural drug products
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
Related Image:
Researchers successfully simulate photosynthesis and design a better leaf
(Date:7/31/2014)... studies have shown that marine noise can affect animal ... the Universities of Bristol and Exeter and the cole ... demonstrated that boat noise stops embryonic development and increases ... the sea slug Stylocheilus striatus used in ... away and later feed on toxic alga but this ...
(Date:7/30/2014)... A deep-sea octopus protected and tended her eggs until ... published July 30, 2014 in the open-access journal ... Aquarium Research Institute and colleagues. , Octopuses typically have ... females protect and take care of their fertilized eggs ... eggs for 1 to 3 months, but little is ...
(Date:7/30/2014)... University of Helsinki and the Universitat Autnoma de Barcelona ... changes which have taken millions of years to occur. ... of mice teeth, induced in the laboratory, scientists have ... observed in the fossil registry of rodent species which ... To modify the development of their teeth, the team ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):Boat noise impacts development and survival of sea hares 2Deep-sea octopus has longest-known egg-brooding period 2Scientists reproduce evolutionary changes by manipulating embryonic development of mice 2
... - Everyone is special in their own unique way. From ... identical. This means that DNA for each individual contains variants ... population. Some gene variations are actually genetic deletions, ... are likely to have important effects on gene function and, ...
... has often been associated with improving people,s health, but a ... hormones in a way that reduces stress. Unmarried people ... to stress as do married people, said Dario Maestripieri, Professor ... lead author of the study, published in the current issue ...
... has proved effective in preventing fouling of ship bottoms. Researchers ... that causes the barnacle to react to the substance, opening ... both on barnacles and on the environment. Fouling of ... leisure craft as well as large cargo ships. The University ...
Cached Biology News:Developmental problems: Some exist in the genes 2Marriage and committed romance reduce stress-related hormone production 2Gene that causes barnacles to avoid ship hulls identified 2
(Date:7/31/2014)... 31, 2014 According to a ... Dots Market - Global Industry Analysis, Size, Share, Growth, ... valued at USD 88.5 million in 2011, which is ... at a CAGR of 53.8% from 2013 to 2023. ... at  http://www.transparencymarketresearch.com/quantum-dots.html Increasing demand for energy ...
(Date:7/31/2014)... -- Research and Markets has announced the ... report to their offering. ... the genetic material or genomes of an organism. It ... discovery and development of diagnostic and therapeutic solutions for ... is supported by three major product segments: Instruments, Consumables, ...
(Date:7/31/2014)... Calif. (PRWEB) July 31, 2014 Held ... diagnosed patients with an overview of the disease and ... of drug side effects, as well as updates on ... grateful to Dr. Sandy Srinivas for organizing this educational ... of kidney cancer. “Sandy and her colleagues have put ...
(Date:7/31/2014)... BOTHELL, Wash. , July 31, 2014   ... a leading developer, manufacturer and marketer of proprietary clinical ... media and precision thermal shipping products ... Company,s second quarter 2014 financial results will be released ... will host a conference call and live webcast at ...
Breaking Biology Technology:Global Quantum Dots Market is Expected to Reach USD 8,246.8 Million in 2023: Transparency Market Research 2Global Quantum Dots Market is Expected to Reach USD 8,246.8 Million in 2023: Transparency Market Research 3Global Quantum Dots Market is Expected to Reach USD 8,246.8 Million in 2023: Transparency Market Research 4Global Genomics Market 2014-2018: Key Vendors are F. Hoffmann-La Roche, Life Technologies, Qiagen and Illumina 2BioLife Solutions to Report Financial Results for Second Quarter 2014 and Provide Business Update on August 7, 2014 2
... Gyeonggi Province, ST. LOUIS, Nov. 5 SAFC ... Sigma-Aldrich Group (Nasdaq: SIAL ),today announced that a ... Korea has been signed. The MoU signals the Company,s,intentions ... being built in the province for the supply and ...
... of second line HRPC patients on TPI 287 show clinical ... TPPH ) announced today financial results for,the third quarter ... third quarter of 2007 was $6.1 million, or $0.37,per share. ... of 2006 of,$3.6 million, or $0.22 per share. Included in ...
... 4 Scientists at Monsanto,Company working in collaboration ... approach to protect crops against insects, which,models a ... The,technology is expected to provide farmers with a ... another tool to support agriculture,s,mission of meeting the ...
Cached Biology Technology:SAFC Hitech(TM) Plans Further Expansion Into Asia 2SAFC Hitech(TM) Plans Further Expansion Into Asia 3Tapestry Reports Third Quarter 2007 Financial Results and Preliminary Data From Its Phase 2 Prostate Cancer Trial 2Tapestry Reports Third Quarter 2007 Financial Results and Preliminary Data From Its Phase 2 Prostate Cancer Trial 3Tapestry Reports Third Quarter 2007 Financial Results and Preliminary Data From Its Phase 2 Prostate Cancer Trial 4Tapestry Reports Third Quarter 2007 Financial Results and Preliminary Data From Its Phase 2 Prostate Cancer Trial 5Tapestry Reports Third Quarter 2007 Financial Results and Preliminary Data From Its Phase 2 Prostate Cancer Trial 6Tapestry Reports Third Quarter 2007 Financial Results and Preliminary Data From Its Phase 2 Prostate Cancer Trial 7Monsanto and Devgen Describe New Approach to Insect-Protection 2Monsanto and Devgen Describe New Approach to Insect-Protection 3