Navigation Links
Researchers reveal the dual role of brain glycogen
Date:2/27/2014

ys fatal for cells, thus explaining why their glycogen synthesis machinery is silenced? The inevitable question was then why these cells had such machinery.

In another paper published in Journal of Cerebral Blood Flow & Metabolism, part of the Nature Group, the researchers provided the first evidence that neurons constantly store glycogen but in a different way: accumulating small amounts and using it as quickly as it becomes available. In this regard, the scientists set up new, more sensitive, analytical techniques to confirm that the machinery responsible for glycogen synthesis and degradation existed. In summary, they showed that, in small amounts, glycogen is beneficial for neurons.

"For example, while the liver accumulates glycogen in large amounts and releases it slowly to maintain blood sugar levels, above all when we sleep, neurons synthesize and degrade small amounts of this polysaccharide continuously. They do not use it as an energy store but as a rapid and small, but constant, source of energy," explains Guinovart, also senior professor at the University of Barcelona (UB).

To observe the action of glycogen, the scientists forced cultured mouse neurons to survive under oxygen depletion. They demonstrated that the first cells to die were those in which the capacity to synthesise glycogen had been removed. The same experiments were performed in collaboration with Marco Miln's "Development and growth control" group in the in vivo model of the fruit fly Drosophila melanogaster. These tests led to the same conclusions.

The researchers postulated that glycogen is a lifeguard under oxygen depletion, a condition that leads the brains to shut down and that often occurs at birth and in cerebral infarctions in adults, which leads to severe consequences, such a cerebral paralysis.

"It is the first function of glycogen that we have discovered in neurons, but we still have to identify its function in normal
'/>"/>

Contact: Sònia Armengou
armengou@irbbarcelona.org
34-934-037-255
Institute for Research in Biomedicine (IRB Barcelona)
Source:Eurekalert  

Page: 1 2 3

Related biology news :

1. Study by UC Santa Barbara researchers suggests that bacteria communicate by touch
2. UC Santa Barbara researchers discover genetic link between visual pathways of hydras and humans
3. Researchers attempt to solve problems of antibiotic resistance and bee deaths in one
4. UNH researchers find African farmers need better climate change data to improve farming practices
5. Ottawa researchers to lead world-first clinical trial of stem cell therapy for septic shock
6. Researchers uncover molecular pathway through which common yeast becomes fungal pathogen
7. Researchers print live cells with a standard inkjet printer
8. Columbia Engineering and Penn researchers increase speed of single-molecule measurements
9. Researchers reveal how a single gene mutation leads to uncontrolled obesity
10. Researchers discover novel therapy for Crohns disease
11. New paper by Notre Dame researchers describes method for cleaning up nuclear waste
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
Related Image:
Researchers reveal the dual role of brain glycogen
(Date:7/31/2015)... , July 31, 2015 The 10 th ... held by BGI from October 22-25, 2015, in Shenzhen ... The conference is celebrating its 10 th anniversary this year. ... the world,s most influential annual meetings in the ,omics, fields, ... scientific gatherings. ICG-10 focuses on recent breakthroughs ...
(Date:7/23/2015)... BEDFORD, Mass., July 23, 2015 Aware, Inc. (NASDAQ: ... services, today reported financial results for its second quarter ended ... quarter of 2015 was $4.5 million, a decrease of 33% ...  Net income in the second quarter of 2015 was $0.3 ... million, or $0.04 per diluted share, in the same period ...
(Date:7/21/2015)... YORK , July 21, 2015 ... systems, as seen in the recent U.S. Office ... a solution to the infosec conundrum, but developers ... is stored. To address this dilemma, Biometrics-as-a-Service provider ... its Biometric Tokenization SDK for third party integration. ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):The 10th International Conference on Genomics (ICG-10) to Open in October 2Aware, Inc. Reports Second Quarter 2015 Financial Results 2Aware, Inc. Reports Second Quarter 2015 Financial Results 3Aware, Inc. Reports Second Quarter 2015 Financial Results 4Aware, Inc. Reports Second Quarter 2015 Financial Results 5Aware, Inc. Reports Second Quarter 2015 Financial Results 6HYPR Corp. Launches Industry First Biometric Tokenization Platform 2HYPR Corp. Launches Industry First Biometric Tokenization Platform 3HYPR Corp. Launches Industry First Biometric Tokenization Platform 4
... there seems to be super-sized confusion about its population status. ... thing is clear definite changes have occurred to spiny ... Commercial fishermen haul up nets loaded with so many ... considered a nuisance. However, fishery management plans have set quotas ...
... More Than 10 Million Fingerprints per ... a provider of high-precision biometric identification ... a packaged hardware and software solution ... fingerprint and face matching for high-volume/high-speed ...
... cumbersome wiring and a sharp metal electrode. But a ... going "wireless." And it,s a unique collaboration between ... a remarkable new way to use light to activate ... associate professor in the neurosciences department in the Case ...
Cached Biology News:UNH researchers studying spiny dogfish, Gulf of Maine's mini shark 2UNH researchers studying spiny dogfish, Gulf of Maine's mini shark 3New MegaMatcher Accelerator Boosts Speed for High-Volume Biometric Identification and Database Duplicate Searching 2New MegaMatcher Accelerator Boosts Speed for High-Volume Biometric Identification and Database Duplicate Searching 3Case Western Reserve researchers develop 'wireless' activation of brain circuits 2Case Western Reserve researchers develop 'wireless' activation of brain circuits 3
(Date:7/31/2015)... ... July 31, 2015 , ... R-Biopharm ... quantification of partially hydrolyzed gluten in foods, has been accepted by AOAC International ... “Partially Hydrolyzed Gluten in Fermented Cereal-Based Products by R5 Competitive ELISA,” based on ...
(Date:7/30/2015)... USA (PRWEB) , ... July 30, 2015 , ... ... microsystems, has appointed Francois Vieillard as Sales & Marketing Director. , With ... Francois Vieillard will be responsible for reinforcing Tronics’ business development activities worldwide. He ...
(Date:7/30/2015)... Kan. , July 30, 2015   ... a pet therapeutics company focused on the licensing, ... companion animals, today announced that its strategic partner ... a dose confirmation study of AT-016, an adipose-derived ... for the treatment of osteoarthritis pain in dogs. ...
(Date:7/30/2015)... -- HIGHLIGHTS:Q2 2015 Results (all changes are ... sales were $697 million compared to $701 million in ... 8%, and changes in foreign currency exchange rates decreased ... , By business unit, organic sales growth was ... SAFC Commercial. , Reported diluted EPS was $0.98 ...
Breaking Biology Technology:RIDASCREEN® Competitve Gliadin Receives AOAC Official First Action Status 2Tronics appoints Francois Vieillard as Sales and Marketing Director 2Aratana Therapeutics Announces Positive Pilot Field Study for AT-016 2Aratana Therapeutics Announces Positive Pilot Field Study for AT-016 3Aratana Therapeutics Announces Positive Pilot Field Study for AT-016 4Aratana Therapeutics Announces Positive Pilot Field Study for AT-016 5Sigma-Aldrich (NASDAQ - SIAL) Reports Q2 2015 Sales Of $697 Million And Adjusted Diluted EPS Of $1.01 2Sigma-Aldrich (NASDAQ - SIAL) Reports Q2 2015 Sales Of $697 Million And Adjusted Diluted EPS Of $1.01 3Sigma-Aldrich (NASDAQ - SIAL) Reports Q2 2015 Sales Of $697 Million And Adjusted Diluted EPS Of $1.01 4Sigma-Aldrich (NASDAQ - SIAL) Reports Q2 2015 Sales Of $697 Million And Adjusted Diluted EPS Of $1.01 5Sigma-Aldrich (NASDAQ - SIAL) Reports Q2 2015 Sales Of $697 Million And Adjusted Diluted EPS Of $1.01 6Sigma-Aldrich (NASDAQ - SIAL) Reports Q2 2015 Sales Of $697 Million And Adjusted Diluted EPS Of $1.01 7Sigma-Aldrich (NASDAQ - SIAL) Reports Q2 2015 Sales Of $697 Million And Adjusted Diluted EPS Of $1.01 8Sigma-Aldrich (NASDAQ - SIAL) Reports Q2 2015 Sales Of $697 Million And Adjusted Diluted EPS Of $1.01 9Sigma-Aldrich (NASDAQ - SIAL) Reports Q2 2015 Sales Of $697 Million And Adjusted Diluted EPS Of $1.01 10Sigma-Aldrich (NASDAQ - SIAL) Reports Q2 2015 Sales Of $697 Million And Adjusted Diluted EPS Of $1.01 11Sigma-Aldrich (NASDAQ - SIAL) Reports Q2 2015 Sales Of $697 Million And Adjusted Diluted EPS Of $1.01 12Sigma-Aldrich (NASDAQ - SIAL) Reports Q2 2015 Sales Of $697 Million And Adjusted Diluted EPS Of $1.01 13Sigma-Aldrich (NASDAQ - SIAL) Reports Q2 2015 Sales Of $697 Million And Adjusted Diluted EPS Of $1.01 14Sigma-Aldrich (NASDAQ - SIAL) Reports Q2 2015 Sales Of $697 Million And Adjusted Diluted EPS Of $1.01 15Sigma-Aldrich (NASDAQ - SIAL) Reports Q2 2015 Sales Of $697 Million And Adjusted Diluted EPS Of $1.01 16Sigma-Aldrich (NASDAQ - SIAL) Reports Q2 2015 Sales Of $697 Million And Adjusted Diluted EPS Of $1.01 17Sigma-Aldrich (NASDAQ - SIAL) Reports Q2 2015 Sales Of $697 Million And Adjusted Diluted EPS Of $1.01 18Sigma-Aldrich (NASDAQ - SIAL) Reports Q2 2015 Sales Of $697 Million And Adjusted Diluted EPS Of $1.01 19Sigma-Aldrich (NASDAQ - SIAL) Reports Q2 2015 Sales Of $697 Million And Adjusted Diluted EPS Of $1.01 20
... High Technologies and Canada,s National Institute for Nanotechnology (NINT) ... and unveiled a Hitachi H-95000 environmental transmission electron microscope ... of Japan. HEMiC will have two streams ... electron microscopy services to industrial and academic clients; and ...
... scale, the tiniest bridge of gold -- that made of ... new research by engineers at the University at Buffalo,s Laboratory ... experiments probing the characteristics of atomic-scale necks of gold that ... pushed into a flat, gold surface. An examination of these ...
... U.S. employers in understanding and navigating the new health ... The Vitality Group , an incentive-based wellness provider, ... publicly available and can be accessed on the company,s ... This paper provides an overview of ...
Cached Biology Technology:Hitachi partnership brings new tools and electron microscope reference center to Edmonton 2Narrowest bridges of gold are also the strongest, study finds 2The Vitality Group Helps U.S. Businesses Navigate New Legal Environment for Health and Wellness Programs 2
... VersArray ChipReader systems are highly sensitive laser ... microarrays. These are advanced scanners that meet ... and background level, and optimizing the signal ... top end of the range for increased ...
Bio-Plex Manager software, version 3.0, 5 license netshare, is a five-user software package that provides access to data from the Bio-Plex suspension array system from a server. This version does not...
... The involvement of integrins in vascular ... well-documented. The integrin family of cell adhesion ... heterodimers, composed of an a and b ... The structure and functional diversity of the ...
... --- a cocktail of 3 siRNAs specifically ... our most popular product. The siTrio reagent ... of your target gene when used under ... and confirmation of optimal transfection with one ...
Biology Products: