Navigation Links
Researchers map brain areas vital to understanding language
Date:11/21/2013

bute to discourse comprehension," Barbey said.

A technique called voxel-based lesion-symptom mapping allowed the team to pool data from the veterans' CT scans to create a collective, three-dimensional map of the cerebral cortex. They divided this composite brain into units called voxels (the three-dimensional counterparts of two-dimensional pixels). This allowed them to compare the discourse comprehension abilities of patients with damage to a particular voxel or cluster of voxels with those of patients without injuries to those brain regions.

The researchers identified a network of brain areas in the frontal and parietal cortex that are essential to discourse comprehension.

"Rather than engaging brain regions that are classically involved in language processing, our results indicate that discourse comprehension depends on an executive control network that helps integrate incoming language with prior knowledge and experience," Barbey said.

Executive control, also known as executive function, refers to the ability to plan, organize and regulate one's behavior.

"The findings help us understand the neural foundations of discourse comprehension, and suggest that core elements of discourse processing emerge from a network of brain regions that support language processing and executive functions. The findings offer new insights into basic questions about the nature of discourse comprehension," Barbey said, "and could offer new targets for clinical interventions to help patients with cognitive-communication disorders.

"Discourse comprehension is a hallmark of human social behavior," Barbey said.

"By studying the mechanisms that underlie these abilities, we're able to advance our understanding of the remarkable cognitive and neural architecture from which language comprehension emerges."


'/>"/>

Contact: Chelsey B. Coombs
diya@illinois.edu
217-333-5802
University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign
Source:Eurekalert  

Page: 1 2

Related biology news :

1. Researchers gain fuller picture of cell protein reactions
2. Scripps oceanography researchers engineer breakthrough for biofuel production
3. USF researchers show invasive sparrows immune cells sharpen as they spread
4. Researchers use CT and 3-D printers to recreate dinosaur fossils
5. Natural compound mitigates effects of methamphetamine abuse, University of Missouri researchers find
6. Researchers classify urban residential desert landscapes
7. Researchers test effects of LEDs on leaf lettuce
8. Researchers develop new approach to identify possible ecological effects of releasing genetically engineered insects
9. Researchers capture structure of key part of deadly Nipah virus
10. Researchers identify main genes responsible for asthma attacks in children
11. Northeastern researchers have discovered a new treatment to cure MRSA infection
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
Related Image:
Researchers map brain areas vital to understanding language
(Date:9/23/2014)... Ill. Antarctic fishes that manufacture their own ... Ocean also suffer an unfortunate side effect, researchers ... their bodies resist melting even when temperatures warm. ... Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences ... an undesirable consequence of the evolution of antifreeze ...
(Date:9/23/2014)... has domesticated animals, selecting the best traits possible ... an intriguing animal to examine adaptation to climate ... selected breeding and a wealth of livestock genome-wide ... study that combined molecular and environmental data, professor ... genes under environmental selection from domesticated sheep breeds. ...
(Date:9/23/2014)... successful rise and fall of an athlete,s moving body relies ... putting the many angles and intersecting planes literally the ... to the test. But it,s more than just a footfall ... of sports injuries: the ACL or anterior cruciate ligament tear. ... at the center of the knee joint and volume ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):Study: Antifreeze proteins in Antarctic fishes prevent freezing ... and melting 2Study: Antifreeze proteins in Antarctic fishes prevent freezing ... and melting 3Being sheepish about climate adaptation 2Does size matter? MRI imaging sheds light on athletes most at risk for severe knee injury 2Does size matter? MRI imaging sheds light on athletes most at risk for severe knee injury 3
... in 100 inhabitants died from Spanish flu in 1918, but ... An important explanation for the differences is due to different ... came. Those living in urban communities probably had a higher ... in 1918 than those living in very isolated rural areas. ...
... other businesses step up efforts to cut waste, reduce ... products and processes, the number of planet-friendly standards and ... a sometimes-confusing array of options for "going green." National ... a framework to help organizations of all types sort ...
... Article highlights from the May issue of The American Naturalist ... a second, Genes control fruit flies, social groupings, What can twins ... issue table of contents, go to www.journals.uchicago.edu/an . ... kstacey@press.uchicago.edu . Cuttlefish: From camo to tuxedo ...
Cached Biology News:Large differences in mortality between urban and isolated rural areas 2Large differences in mortality between urban and isolated rural areas 3NIST prototypes framework for evaluating sustainability standards 2Tipsheet for the May issue of the American Naturalist 2Tipsheet for the May issue of the American Naturalist 3
(Date:9/23/2014)... Carolina (PRWEB) September 24, 2014 Spirax ... trap constructed to withstand corrosion from clean and ... ASME standards and is designed to remove condensate from ... ideal for the pharmaceutical, biotechnology, and food and beverage ... to steam saturation temperatures, reducing condensate back up and ...
(Date:9/23/2014)... University of Texas at Austin and Northwestern University ... reliability and performance of transistors and circuits based ... has long been considered by scientists as one ... smaller, faster and cheaper electronic devices. The result ... journal Applied Physics Letters , from AIP ...
(Date:9/23/2014)... the University of Southampton,s Optoelectronics Research Centre (ORC) ... potential challenger to graphene. , Graphene, a single ... is increasingly being used in new electronic and ... sources, thanks to the unprecedented properties it offers: ... mechanically stretchable yet harder than diamond. , Now, ...
(Date:9/23/2014)... ceramics have potential uses as ferroelectrics, fast ion ... waste, generating a great deal of scientific interest ... blended materials. , "The interfaces separating the different ... properties of the material as a whole," said ... on the project. "It is in the chemical ...
Breaking Biology Technology:Spirax Sarco Announces the BTS7.1 Stainless Steel Clean Steam Trap 2Future flexible electronics based on carbon nanotubes 2Future flexible electronics based on carbon nanotubes 3Future flexible electronics based on carbon nanotubes 4Southampton scientists grow a new challenger to graphene 2Los Alamos researchers uncover properties in nanocomposite oxide ceramics for reactor fuel 2
... Calif., Feb. 6 Onyx,Pharmaceuticals, Inc. (Nasdaq: ... the BIO CEO & Investor Conference on Wednesday, ... may access a live webcast of the,presentation at:, ... log on 15 minutes early in order to,register ...
... Avatar Software Platform Further Solidifies Netsmart as Leader in Behavioral ... ... Florida, GREAT RIVER, N.Y., Feb. 6 Netsmart Technologies, ... services organizations, today announced it has signed a contract to,provide comprehensive ...
... Global Probiotics Council,(GPC), a committee established in 2004 ... the Young Investigator Grant for probiotics research,program (YIGPRO) ... stimulate,innovative research and to support young investigators and ... field of probiotics and gut,microbiota., "Our two ...
Cached Biology Technology:Netsmart Technologies Extends Relationship with Manatee Glens for Enterprise Behavioral Health Software Solutions 2Netsmart Technologies Extends Relationship with Manatee Glens for Enterprise Behavioral Health Software Solutions 3Global Probiotics Council Announces Young Investigator Grant for Probiotics Research to Fund the Next Generation of Gut Microbiota Research 2Global Probiotics Council Announces Young Investigator Grant for Probiotics Research to Fund the Next Generation of Gut Microbiota Research 3Global Probiotics Council Announces Young Investigator Grant for Probiotics Research to Fund the Next Generation of Gut Microbiota Research 4
Umbilical cord blood CD4+ T cells, For immunohistochemistry (IHC) Cell Chip with Human Umbilical Cord Blood MNCs and T Cells...
Human peripheral blood CD14+ monocytes, For immunohistochemistry (IHC) Cell Chip with Human Peripheral Blood Monocytes, B Cells, NK Cells and Stem Cells...
Human endothelial progenitor cells, For immunohistochemistry (IHC) Cell Chip with Human Peripheral Blood Dendritic Cells and EPCs...
Yeast tRNA 50 l...
Biology Products: