Navigation Links
Researchers map brain areas vital to understanding language

bute to discourse comprehension," Barbey said.

A technique called voxel-based lesion-symptom mapping allowed the team to pool data from the veterans' CT scans to create a collective, three-dimensional map of the cerebral cortex. They divided this composite brain into units called voxels (the three-dimensional counterparts of two-dimensional pixels). This allowed them to compare the discourse comprehension abilities of patients with damage to a particular voxel or cluster of voxels with those of patients without injuries to those brain regions.

The researchers identified a network of brain areas in the frontal and parietal cortex that are essential to discourse comprehension.

"Rather than engaging brain regions that are classically involved in language processing, our results indicate that discourse comprehension depends on an executive control network that helps integrate incoming language with prior knowledge and experience," Barbey said.

Executive control, also known as executive function, refers to the ability to plan, organize and regulate one's behavior.

"The findings help us understand the neural foundations of discourse comprehension, and suggest that core elements of discourse processing emerge from a network of brain regions that support language processing and executive functions. The findings offer new insights into basic questions about the nature of discourse comprehension," Barbey said, "and could offer new targets for clinical interventions to help patients with cognitive-communication disorders.

"Discourse comprehension is a hallmark of human social behavior," Barbey said.

"By studying the mechanisms that underlie these abilities, we're able to advance our understanding of the remarkable cognitive and neural architecture from which language comprehension emerges."


Contact: Chelsey B. Coombs
University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign

Page: 1 2

Related biology news :

1. Researchers gain fuller picture of cell protein reactions
2. Scripps oceanography researchers engineer breakthrough for biofuel production
3. USF researchers show invasive sparrows immune cells sharpen as they spread
4. Researchers use CT and 3-D printers to recreate dinosaur fossils
5. Natural compound mitigates effects of methamphetamine abuse, University of Missouri researchers find
6. Researchers classify urban residential desert landscapes
7. Researchers test effects of LEDs on leaf lettuce
8. Researchers develop new approach to identify possible ecological effects of releasing genetically engineered insects
9. Researchers capture structure of key part of deadly Nipah virus
10. Researchers identify main genes responsible for asthma attacks in children
11. Northeastern researchers have discovered a new treatment to cure MRSA infection
Post Your Comments:
Related Image:
Researchers map brain areas vital to understanding language
(Date:7/31/2014)... bigeye tuna movements in the northwestern Atlantic Ocean led ... Center at the University of Massachusetts Amherst, found among ... range with pronounced north-south movements from Georges Bank to ... off Cape Hatteras southwest of Bermuda for foraging. , ... study one of the most important commercial tuna species ...
(Date:7/31/2014)... Science Foundation (NSF), counters a widely-held scientific view ... instead that certain Arctic lakes store more greenhouse ... , The study, published this week in the ... which occur as permafrost thaws and creates surface ... what was previously frozen land into lakes. , ...
(Date:7/31/2014)... GAINESVILLE, Fla. --- By tracing nearly 3,000 genes ... moths, University of Florida scientists have created an ... to use large-scale, next-generation DNA sequencing. , ... more closely related to small moths than to ... how butterflies evolved. The study also found that ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):Study of bigeye tuna in Northwest Atlantic uses new tracking methods 2Study of bigeye tuna in Northwest Atlantic uses new tracking methods 3Certain Arctic lakes store more greenhouse gases than they release 2UF study advances 'DNA revolution,' tells butterflies' evolutionary history 2UF study advances 'DNA revolution,' tells butterflies' evolutionary history 3
... be complete without mosquitoes nipping at exposed skin. Or ... University team may help solve a problem that scientists ... Kun Yan Zhu, professor of entomology, and teammates ... Jianzhen Zhang, a visiting scientist from Shanxi University, China, ...
... Researchers writing in the open access journal BMC ... an adaptation in the blood of Eastern moles which ... moles, burrowing behavior. Kevin Campbell from the ... researchers to study the blood of three underground species ...
... has developed a "lab on a chip" device for ... white blood cells called T cells that are affected ... the test detects the types and levels of inflammatory ... Revzin,s team collaborated with UCLA electrical engineer Prof. Aydogan ...
Cached Biology News:K-State researchers find gene-silencing nanoparticles may put end to pesky summer pest 2Adaptation in mole blood aids tunnelling 2Novel microfluidic HIV test is quick and cheap 2
(Date:7/31/2014)... Held at the Stanford Cancer Center, the ... the disease and its treatment. Survivors will find information ... as updates on the state-of-the-art with respect to newer ... organizing this educational opportunity,” says KCA CEO Bill Bro, ... colleagues have put together a program that balances the ...
(Date:7/31/2014)... IL (PRWEB) July 31, 2014 ... of automation across the U.S., increasing unemployment, depressing ... class. It is a Catch 22—we need ... but this means fewer jobs,” says economist and ... just-released Pollina Corporate Top 10 Pro-Business States for ...
(Date:7/31/2014)... Boston, MA (PRWEB) July 31, 2014 ... ) finds itself flush with innovative adult stem cell ... patents and has three additional patent applications ... Office. , The patented inventions address two of the ... and regenerative medicine. Adult stem cells are difficult ...
(Date:7/30/2014)... July 30, 2014 W. R. ... release of the REVELERIS® Prep purification system ... preparative chromatographers, and other researchers to perform both ... single unit. , With the REVELERIS® Prep purification ... preparative chromatography modes with a simple touch of ...
Breaking Biology Technology:ITRA Global Affiliate’s Pollina Corporate Top 10 Pro-Business States Minimize the Impact of Automation on Middle Class and Unemployment 2ITRA Global Affiliate’s Pollina Corporate Top 10 Pro-Business States Minimize the Impact of Automation on Middle Class and Unemployment 3ITRA Global Affiliate’s Pollina Corporate Top 10 Pro-Business States Minimize the Impact of Automation on Middle Class and Unemployment 4The Adult Stem Cell Technology Center, LLC Launches A Marketing Campaign To License Adult Stem Cell Biotechnologies 2The Adult Stem Cell Technology Center, LLC Launches A Marketing Campaign To License Adult Stem Cell Biotechnologies 3Grace Launches New REVELERIS® Prep Purification System 2
... BHRT ) a company committed to delivering ... treat heart failure and,cardiovascular diseases, announced the adoption ... -- Shareholders approved the election of eight ... in 2009 or until their successors are,duly elected ...
... July 30 DNA Heritage has recently,overcome patent claims ... use of DNA testing and databases that allow families ... DNA. The patent covers the,use of surnames and Y-chromosomes ... (UK IPO) has now rendered a formal opinion,stating that ...
... ROCKVILLE, Md., July 30 Stem cell ... Dr. Thomas Hazel will be,rejoining the company as ... Dr. Karl Johe, Neuralstem,s Chairman and Chief Science,Officer, ... ALS,(Amytrophic Lateral Sclerosis, or Lou Gehrig,s disease), and ...
Cached Biology Technology:Bioheart, Inc. Announces Results of Annual Meeting 2Bioheart, Inc. Announces Results of Annual Meeting 3Bioheart, Inc. Announces Results of Annual Meeting 4Bioheart, Inc. Announces Results of Annual Meeting 5DNA Heritage Success in Patent Battle Helps Keep Genealogy DNA Test Prices Low 2Neuralstem Fills Key Product Development Position 2
The Cellject Elecroporator is suitable for all cell types including embryo, mammalian, plant, yeast and bacterial. Its has highly user-freindly programing and can be used remotely, for example in a l...
Request Info...
... Virus Reverse Transcriptase (AMV RT) catalyzes the ... or RNA:DNA hybrids (1). It requires a ... RNA primers) as well as Mg2+ or ... H activity. Both nonionic detergents and sulfhydryl ...
Request Info...
Biology Products: