Navigation Links
Research targets 'holy grail' of catalysis
Date:1/14/2014

Lars Grabow has been given a $750,000 grant to solve a multi-billion dollar problem.

Methane, the main component of natural gas, is cheap and plentiful, thanks in large part to hydraulic fracturing, or fracking. Ideally, it could be converted into rarer and far more valuable chemicals like methanol, ethane or ethylene, all of which have dozens of uses, many involving the creation of plastics and polymers.

Easier said than done.

This research falls under the umbrella of catalysis, which uses one material to initiate or speed up a chemical reaction that changes other substances.

"For more than 30 years, people have tried to do this chemistry," said Grabow, an assistant professor of chemical and biomolecular engineering with the University of Houston Cullen College of Engineering. "It's the Holy Grail of catalysisIf you could invent a catalyst that selectively converts methane into ethylene, you'd be a billionaire right there."

In addition to the economic value of such a discovery, Grabow said, Holy Grail status is conferred by the methane molecule's strong carbon-hydrogen bonds and its unique shape. It is perfectly symmetrical, consisting of one carbon atom surrounded by four hydrogen atoms.

This symmetry means there's no obvious way to split a single hydrogen atom from methane, the first step in converting the gas into a new chemical. In fact, this split can only be carried out at very high temperatures. At these temperatures, the remaining methyl radical (one carbon with three hydrogens) detaches from the surface of the catalyst and simply burns off. As a result the methane is entirely wasted.

The key to solving this problem, Grabow believes, is finding the oxidizing agent essentially a molecule that can accept electrons from another molecule that is the most effective at reacting with and separating hydrogen atoms from methane molecules.

"We want to understand what role the oxidizing ag
'/>"/>

Contact: Jeannie Kever
jekever@uh.edu
713-743-0778
University of Houston
Source:Eurekalert

Page: 1 2

Related biology news :

1. Study by UC Santa Barbara researchers suggests that bacteria communicate by touch
2. Research reveals first evidence of hunting by prehistoric Ohioans
3. Diabetes Research Institute develops oxygen-generating biomaterial
4. APS issues new policy requiring identification of sex or gender in reporting scientific research
5. UC Santa Barbara researchers discover genetic link between visual pathways of hydras and humans
6. Study jointly led by UCSB researcher supports theory of extraterrestrial impact
7. U of Alberta researcher steps closer to understand autoimmune diseases
8. Research on flavanols and procyanidins provides new insights into how these phytonutrients may positively impact human health
9. A project to research biological and chemical aspects of microalgae to fuel approach
10. Scripps Research discoveries lead to newly approved drug for infant respiratory distress syndrome
11. Researchers attempt to solve problems of antibiotic resistance and bee deaths in one
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:9/21/2014)... what was previously thought, newborn immune T cells may ... bacteria, according to a new study led by King,s ... to that of adults, babies may still be able ... published in the journal Nature Medicine . , ... types of immune cells, including neutrophils which play an ...
(Date:9/21/2014)... a protein therapy that disrupts the process that causes ... travel through the blood stream and start aggressive new ... as metastasis, can cause cancer to spread with deadly ... to cancer fall prey to metastatic forms of the ... who describes a new therapeutic approach in Nature ...
(Date:9/19/2014)... by researchers from several Harvard University labs in ... and aspiring researchers with the intellectual raw materials ... from soft, flexible materials. , With the advent ... advances in manufacturing technology, soft robotics is emerging ... from conventional rigid robot design, but working with ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):Immune system of newborn babies is stronger than previously thought 2Stanford researchers create 'evolved' protein that may stop cancer from spreading 2Stanford researchers create 'evolved' protein that may stop cancer from spreading 3Stanford researchers create 'evolved' protein that may stop cancer from spreading 4Soft robotics 'toolkit' features everything a robot-maker needs 2
... who initially survive a heart attack, a significant cause of ... literally, bursting of the heart wall. A new ... as the key player in the biochemical cascade that leads ... Advance Online Publication (AOP) of the journal Nature Medicine, ...
... new study, led by PRBO Conservation Science (PRBO), projects a ... sea-level rise scenarios that are increasingly likely. PRBO and ... San Francisco Bay,s tidal marsh could be lost in the ... sea-level rise, low sediment availability and no significant restoration]. ...
... are started in-ground, then sold as bare-root ,liners, to ... To minimize wind damage and to facilitate transport from ... buried deeper than necessary. This deep planting of liners ... important foundations of root systems responsible for trees, health ...
Cached Biology News:Study explains how heart attack can lead to heart rupture 2Study explains how heart attack can lead to heart rupture 3Bleak future for Bay area tidal marshes? 2Bleak future for Bay area tidal marshes? 3Bleak future for Bay area tidal marshes? 4Planting depth's effect on container-grown trees 2
(Date:9/19/2014)... , September 19, 2014 BioTech ... developments, patents and results of studies and trials.  Companies ... and Company (NYSE: LLY ), Gilead Sciences ... CELG ) and Arena Pharmaceuticals Inc. (NASDAQ: ... in developing prodrug therapeutics for the treatment of cancer, ...
(Date:9/19/2014)... September 19, 2014 The new , ... , available today on PharmaBoardroom.com for ... crisis that rocked the Spanish economy in 2009, and the ... community has remained pragmatic in times of trouble. ... the fifth biggest European market, and the general conditions to ...
(Date:9/18/2014)... A novel robotic system that can operate ... being tested as part of a biomedical research partnership ... the aim of determining if the robot, in conjunction ... faster, more accurate, less costly, and less discomforting for ... to deliver prostate cancer therapies with greater precision. , ...
(Date:9/18/2014)... Research and Markets has announced ... Cell Industry Report, 2014-2017" report to their offering. ... that can differentiate into specialized cells and can divide ... therapy can be applied to treatment of cardiovascular diseases, ... diseases, damage or lesion of liver, kidney and other ...
Breaking Biology Technology:Biotech Companies Pushing Sector Higher With Recent Therapeutic Advancements & Patent Approvals - Company Wins Summary Judgment For Prodrug Patent 2Biotech Companies Pushing Sector Higher With Recent Therapeutic Advancements & Patent Approvals - Company Wins Summary Judgment For Prodrug Patent 3Biotech Companies Pushing Sector Higher With Recent Therapeutic Advancements & Patent Approvals - Company Wins Summary Judgment For Prodrug Patent 4Biotech Companies Pushing Sector Higher With Recent Therapeutic Advancements & Patent Approvals - Company Wins Summary Judgment For Prodrug Patent 5Biotech Companies Pushing Sector Higher With Recent Therapeutic Advancements & Patent Approvals - Company Wins Summary Judgment For Prodrug Patent 6Biotech Companies Pushing Sector Higher With Recent Therapeutic Advancements & Patent Approvals - Company Wins Summary Judgment For Prodrug Patent 7PharmaBoardroom Releases New Spain Pharmaceuticals Report 2PharmaBoardroom Releases New Spain Pharmaceuticals Report 3Worcester Polytechnic Institute Participates in Clinical Trial for MRI-Compatible Robot Designed to Improve Accuracy of Prostate Cancer Biopsies 2Worcester Polytechnic Institute Participates in Clinical Trial for MRI-Compatible Robot Designed to Improve Accuracy of Prostate Cancer Biopsies 3Worcester Polytechnic Institute Participates in Clinical Trial for MRI-Compatible Robot Designed to Improve Accuracy of Prostate Cancer Biopsies 4Worcester Polytechnic Institute Participates in Clinical Trial for MRI-Compatible Robot Designed to Improve Accuracy of Prostate Cancer Biopsies 5Worcester Polytechnic Institute Participates in Clinical Trial for MRI-Compatible Robot Designed to Improve Accuracy of Prostate Cancer Biopsies 6Global and Chinese Stem Cell Industry Report, 2014-2017 2Global and Chinese Stem Cell Industry Report, 2014-2017 3
... body, then alarm bells start ringing. Such clumps, ... type 2 diabetes, formerly called adult-onset diabetes. If ... might be able to treat such diseases more efficiently. ... the Helmholtz-Zentrum Dresden-Rossendorf and the university in Aarhus, Denmark, ...
... The Plasma Protein Therapeutics Association (PPTA) applauds the ... Drugs Act ( H.R. 2672 ) and ( S. ... therapies that treat patients with rare diseases by eliminating barriers ... on plasma protein therapies are coping with a very rare ...
... (NASDAQ: GPRO ) today reported financial results for ... million and non-GAAP earnings per share (EPS) of $0.51.   ... products in the second quarter of 2011, while supply chain ... sales a year ago," said Carl Hull, the Company,s president ...
Cached Biology Technology:In the pursuit of dangerous clumps 2In the pursuit of dangerous clumps 3PPTA Praises Legislation That Protects the Treatment of Rare Diseases 2Gen-Probe Reports Financial Results for the Second Quarter of 2011 2Gen-Probe Reports Financial Results for the Second Quarter of 2011 3Gen-Probe Reports Financial Results for the Second Quarter of 2011 4Gen-Probe Reports Financial Results for the Second Quarter of 2011 5Gen-Probe Reports Financial Results for the Second Quarter of 2011 6Gen-Probe Reports Financial Results for the Second Quarter of 2011 7Gen-Probe Reports Financial Results for the Second Quarter of 2011 8Gen-Probe Reports Financial Results for the Second Quarter of 2011 9Gen-Probe Reports Financial Results for the Second Quarter of 2011 10Gen-Probe Reports Financial Results for the Second Quarter of 2011 11Gen-Probe Reports Financial Results for the Second Quarter of 2011 12Gen-Probe Reports Financial Results for the Second Quarter of 2011 13Gen-Probe Reports Financial Results for the Second Quarter of 2011 14
UltraPure DNase/RNase-Free Distilled Water is designed for use in all molecular biology applications. It is 0.1-m membrane-filtered and tested for DNase and RNase activity....
...
Water Distilled (Gibco™) is membrane filtered and endotoxin screened....
Immunogen: Human Respiratory Syncytial Virus (RSV) and Bovine Respiratory Syncytial Virus (BRSV) Fusion protein Storage: -20 C, Avoid Freeze/Thaw Cycles...
Biology Products: