Navigation Links
Random walks on DNA
Date:4/19/2013

Scientists have revealed how a bacterial enzyme has evolved an energy-efficient method to move long distances along DNA. The findings, published in Science, present further insight into the coupling of chemical and mechanical energy by a class of enzymes called helicases, a widely-distributed group of proteins, which in human cells are implicated in some cancers.

The new helicase mechanism discovered in this study, led by researchers from the University of Bristol and the Technische Universitt Dresden in Germany, may help resolve some of the unexplained roles for helicases in human biology, and in turn help researchers to develop future technological or medical applications.

A commonly held view of DNA helicases is that they move along DNA and "unzip" the double helix to produce single strands of DNA for repair or copying. This process requires mechanical work, so enzyme movement must be coupled to consumption of the chemical fuel ATP. These enzymes are thus often considered as molecular motors.

In the new work, Ralf Seidel and his team at the Technische Universitt Dresden developed a microscope that can stretch single DNA molecules whilst at the same time observe the movement of single fluorescently-labelled helicases. In parallel, the Bristol researchers in the DNA-Protein Interactions Unit used millisecond-resolution fluorescence spectroscopy to reveal dynamic changes in protein conformation and the kinetics of ATP consumption.

The team studied a helicase found in bacteria that moves along viral (bacteriophage) DNA. The work demonstrated that, surprisingly, the enzyme only consumed ATP at the start of the reaction in order to change conformation. Thereafter long-range movement along the DNA was driven by thermal motion; in other words by collisions with the surrounding water molecules. This produces a characteristic one-dimensional "random walk" (see picture), where the protein is just as likely to move backwards
'/>"/>

Contact: Caroline Clancy
caroline.clancy@bristol.ac.uk
44-011-792-88086
University of Bristol
Source:Eurekalert

Page: 1 2

Related biology news :

1. Random Forests Tree Ensembles: Salford Systems Exclusive Insight
2. Far from random, evolution follows a predictable genetic pattern, Princeton researchers find
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:11/21/2014)... Strict laws against distracted driving and the ... American and European automotive sector towards gesture recognition technologies. ... that are intuitive and able to retrieve information with ... New analysis from Frost & Sullivan,s Strategic ... Europe and North America ...
(Date:11/18/2014)... , Nov. 18, 2014  The Secure Identity ... Association today jointly announce the formation of The ... of its Identity and Biometric Entry and ... Framework received official support from BORDERPOL, the international ... improve and provide expertise regarding border security, traveler ...
(Date:11/18/2014)... , Nov. 18, 2014   EyeLock Inc. ... solutions, and MorphoTrust USA (Safran), a ... today announced a strategic partnership to offer comprehensive ... vehicle administration (MVA), airport screening and financial services ... solutions, MorphoTrust serves consumers through a nationwide network ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):Gesture Recognition Intensifies with the Rise of In-car Smartphone Integration, Says Frost & Sullivan 2Gesture Recognition Intensifies with the Rise of In-car Smartphone Integration, Says Frost & Sullivan 3Gesture Recognition Intensifies with the Rise of In-car Smartphone Integration, Says Frost & Sullivan 4Identity Management, Document Authentication and Biometric Companies Form "The Airport Entry and Exit Working Group", Releasing the Framework to Help Guide the Department of Homeland Security and Congress Towards Solutions 2Identity Management, Document Authentication and Biometric Companies Form "The Airport Entry and Exit Working Group", Releasing the Framework to Help Guide the Department of Homeland Security and Congress Towards Solutions 3EyeLock, MorphoTrust Form Strategic Partnership to Pursue Commercial Enterprise Deployments 2EyeLock, MorphoTrust Form Strategic Partnership to Pursue Commercial Enterprise Deployments 3
... SALT LAKE CITY , July 26 Wall Street ... a world leader in content identification solutions, to provide public relations ... in broadcast, government, and professional video trade press worldwide. , ... iPharro Media, based ...
... atmospheric composition, and hence climate. Projections of future climate ... more CO 2 is released from soils in ... due to photosynthesis. Climate changes will also lead to ... methane from wetlands, nitrous oxides from soils, volatile organic ...
... COLUMBUS, Ohio -- Researchers have long known that humans lack ... animal kingdom and even plants -- that reverses severe sun ... this enzyme works at the atomic level to repair sun-damaged ... and skin cancer prevention. In the early online edition ...
Cached Biology News:Wall Street Communications Retained by iPharro Media 2Unaccounted feedbacks from climate-induced ecosystem changes may increase future climate warming 2Researchers discover how key enzyme repairs sun-damaged DNA 2
(Date:12/17/2014)...  Vermillion, Inc. (NASDAQ: VRML ), a ... the next step in its expanded strategy to rebuild ... the naming of current Chief Operating Officer, Valerie ... current Chairman of the Board and CEO James ... changes are effective January 1, 2015. "Jim ...
(Date:12/15/2014)... 2014 METTLER TOLEDO is pleased ... ParticleView V19 with PVM technology , is ... vision and measurement tool continuously captures high-resolution images ... V19 then automatically prepares a report pairing the ... and concentration changes. This compelling blend of high ...
(Date:12/15/2014)... COPENHAGEN, Denmark , Dec. 15, 2014 /PRNewswire/ ... its innovative TransCon technology to address significant unmet ... from its ongoing Phase 2 pediatric study to ... growth hormone deficiency, or GHD.  This interim analysis ... the anticipated total enrollment in the study, completing ...
(Date:12/13/2014)... December 12, 2014 Trend lines for ... overall global economic growth, Eugene Arthurs, CEO of ... said in a featured talk at OPTIC (Optics and ... the National Chung Hsing University in Taichung. , As ... into future energy supplies and soon to hit US$50 ...
Breaking Biology Technology:Vermillion Names Valerie Palmieri CEO; James LaFrance to continue as Chairman of Board 2Vermillion Names Valerie Palmieri CEO; James LaFrance to continue as Chairman of Board 3Vermillion Names Valerie Palmieri CEO; James LaFrance to continue as Chairman of Board 4New Real-Time In Situ Probe-Based Video Microscope from METTLER TOLEDO 2Ascendis Pharma A/S Announces Positive Six-Month Interim Results from a Phase 2 Pediatric Study of Once-Weekly TransCon Growth Hormone for the Treatment of Growth Hormone Deficiency 2Ascendis Pharma A/S Announces Positive Six-Month Interim Results from a Phase 2 Pediatric Study of Once-Weekly TransCon Growth Hormone for the Treatment of Growth Hormone Deficiency 3Ascendis Pharma A/S Announces Positive Six-Month Interim Results from a Phase 2 Pediatric Study of Once-Weekly TransCon Growth Hormone for the Treatment of Growth Hormone Deficiency 4Photonics Continues Upward Trends Despite Challenges in the Global Economy, Notes SPIE CEO 2Photonics Continues Upward Trends Despite Challenges in the Global Economy, Notes SPIE CEO 3Photonics Continues Upward Trends Despite Challenges in the Global Economy, Notes SPIE CEO 4Photonics Continues Upward Trends Despite Challenges in the Global Economy, Notes SPIE CEO 5
... RedPrairie Corporation has completed its previously announced acquisition of ... expects to grow to 738 employees at 21 sites ... employees are from MARC. , ,Former MARC CEO Oliver ... organization, under RedPrairie company leader John Jazwiec. , ,"The ...
... an Oracle-based e-mail installation and trying to recover $2.1 ... pilot program that lasted for at least six months ... difficulties cropped up. , ,State CIO Matt Miszewski and ... letter to state agency heads on Friday that the ...
... Amazon.com said on Monday it is acquiring Shopbop, a Madison-based ... up in 1999 as a store on Gorham street called ... as a standalone operation after the acquisition, but Amazon.com will ... not disclosed. With the acquisition, Amazon boosts its selection of ...
Cached Biology Technology:Oracle out, Microsoft in for state e-mail project 2