Navigation Links
Project focuses on production of hydrogen from bacteria and sunlight
Date:2/14/2008

her than sunlight. What makes the process work is finely tuned cyanobacteria to carry out the reaction.

Vermaas, a member of ASUs Center for Bioenergy and Photosynthesis, said that in the laboratory researchers have used a cyanobacterial system to generate a small amount of hydrogen using only solar energy. To optimize the system, the microorganism must be retooled to put most of the energy it gathers from sunlight into compounds useful for biohydrogen production.

The ASU researchers, who have years of experience working in this field, are using a cyanobacterium with a known genome and have developed it into a model organism for genetic and metabolic engineering studies. Using its natural photosynthesis machinery, we are now starting to direct more of the photosynthetic activity into biofuel production, yielding organisms that convert substantially more of the harvested energy into biofuels, Vermaas said.

One of the main challenges for the researchers is finding an enzyme for hydrogen production, called hydrogenase, which can operate in the presence of oxygen. Hydrogenase enzymes are a key component to hydrogen production through the photosynthesis process. However, they currently are very sensitive to oxygen, a natural by-product of the splitting of water (H2O).

If you make photosynthetic hydrogen, you also make oxygen and you have a problem because oxygen inactivates the very enzyme that you want to have working, Vermaas explained.

One part of the project, headed up by Ferran Garcia-Pichel in the School of Life Sciences, is to find heartier forms of hydrogenase. Garcia-Pichel will be looking at systems that occur in nature.

Preliminary data suggest that in a variety of natural habitats cyanobacteria can produce hydrogen, which means that unless there is some way the cells exclude oxygen from the process, their hydrogenase enzyme must be oxygen tolerant, Vermaas said.

Boosting the oxygen tolerance o
'/>"/>

Contact: Skip Derra
skip.derra@asu.edu
480-965-4823
Arizona State University
Source:Eurekalert

Page: 1 2 3 4

Related biology news :

1. Rwandas Gishwati Forest selected as site for historic conservation project
2. Research project aims to control sunlight, extend growing season and conserve energy
3. NIH launches Human Microbiome Project
4. BGSU undergraduates to pilot groundbreaking genome project
5. Are current projections of climate change-impacts on biodiversity misleading?
6. BIO-key(R) PocketCop(R) Project Leading the Nation According to Televised Report
7. UW launches cutting-edge DNA fin-printing project for salmon
8. Life-saving clean water project secures $13M from Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation
9. USDA Cooperative Agreement funds mosquito project at Rutgers
10. Green alga genome project catalogs carbon capture machinery
11. USC biomedical team to participate in $6 million low vision project
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:8/22/2014)... Stanford, CAEveryone,s heard of the birds and the ... flowers that are being fertilized. The fertilization process ... extensive communication between the male and female reproductive ... Stanford, Regensburg, Heidelberg, and Munich, and including Carnegie,s ... discoveries in the chemical signaling process that guides ...
(Date:8/21/2014)... study of American singles found that during sex ... orgasm rates. On average, men experience orgasm 85.1 ... making little difference. For women, however, orgasm occurrence ... 62.9 percent of the time during sex with ... with women,s sexual orientation, with lesbian women experiencing ...
(Date:8/21/2014)... Algae might seem easy to ignore, but they are ... animals depend upon. Humans are increasingly dependent on algae, ... atmosphere and sink it to the bottom of the ... and laboratory experiments, researchers have evidence showing that viruses ... the algae,s blooms, even when all else stays essentially ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):Calcium and reproduction go together 2Orgasm rates for single women less predictable than men's, vary by sexual orientation 2Orgasm rates for single women less predictable than men's, vary by sexual orientation 3Orgasm rates for single women less predictable than men's, vary by sexual orientation 4Viruses take down massive algal blooms, with big implications for climate 2
... dietary proteins have proven effectiveness thanks to their appetite-suppressing ... Inserm,s Unit 855 "Nutrition and the Brain" in Lyon, ... properties. The researchers describe in detail the chain reactions ... the brain long after a meal. Their results, published ...
... - Atmospheric scientists at the Harvard School of Engineering and ... "bottom-up" estimates of China,s carbon dioxide (CO 2 ) emissions, ... of the uncertainties surrounding China,s CO 2 emissions. ... both at the sources and in the air, may be ...
... new research report published online in the ... cancer, and dependence on breathing machines--microRNA-320a. In the report, ... for helping control glycolysis. Glycolysis is the process of ... some cancers, and contributes to the wasting of unused ...
Cached Biology News:The 'appetite-suppressing' effect of proteins explained 2Atmospheric scientists release first 'bottom-up' estimates of China's CO2 emissions 2Atmospheric scientists release first 'bottom-up' estimates of China's CO2 emissions 3Atmospheric scientists release first 'bottom-up' estimates of China's CO2 emissions 4Stanford scientists find molecule to starve lung cancer and improve ventilator recovery 2
(Date:8/21/2014)... N.Y. , Aug. 21, 2014  BioSpecifics ... biopharmaceutical company developing first in class collagenase-based products ... or CCH) in the U.S. and XIAPEX ® ... significant results from a randomized, double-blind Phase 2a ... cellulite, or edematous fibrosclerotic panniculopathy. The results showed ...
(Date:8/21/2014)... scientists has observed tiny quantum vortices in cold droplets ... Science that the exotic vortices arrange themselves ... the first time that the quantum vortices, which have ... known as superfluid helium, have been detected in nanodroplets. ... Vilesov of the University of Southern California, one of ...
(Date:8/21/2014)... His Majesty Willem-Alexander, King of the Netherlands to ... Majesty Willem-Alexander, King of the Netherlands, has announced that ... Advanced Biofuels’ Project LIBERTY cellulosic ethanol plant in Emmetsburg, ... take part in the Grand Opening Ceremony to perform ... and tour the plant. POET-DSM is a joint venture ...
(Date:8/21/2014)... Mass. , Aug. 21, 2014  Decision ... Brazil and ... The uptake of several newly approved agents, the ... this indication and the launch of emerging biologics ... markets. In particular, the emerging IL-5 inhibitors will ...
Breaking Biology Technology:BioSpecifics Technologies Corp. Announces Positive Data from Phase 2a Study of CCH for Treatment of Cellulite 2BioSpecifics Technologies Corp. Announces Positive Data from Phase 2a Study of CCH for Treatment of Cellulite 3BioSpecifics Technologies Corp. Announces Positive Data from Phase 2a Study of CCH for Treatment of Cellulite 4BioSpecifics Technologies Corp. Announces Positive Data from Phase 2a Study of CCH for Treatment of Cellulite 5Scientists observe quantum vortices in cold helium droplets 2His Majesty Willem-Alexander, King of the Netherlands, to Attend Project LIBERTY opening 2His Majesty Willem-Alexander, King of the Netherlands, to Attend Project LIBERTY opening 3Asthma Agents Currently Face a Suboptimal Coverage Environment in Brazil and Mexico, and as the Treatment Armamentarium Expands, Competitiveness Will Further Intensify 2Asthma Agents Currently Face a Suboptimal Coverage Environment in Brazil and Mexico, and as the Treatment Armamentarium Expands, Competitiveness Will Further Intensify 3
... electrophoresis into an automated, high-throughput operation with ... system is ideal for analyzing multiple PCR ... Fully automated, robot-compatible, and ready to put ... your high-throughput screening assignments as easy as ...
...
Fluorescence Preserving Media, 100 mL...
Size & Applications: 20 ml Storage Temp.: -20C Shelf Life: 12 months ...
Biology Products: