Navigation Links
Pneumonia revealed in a cough
Date:6/27/2013

A new method, which analyzes the sounds in a child's cough, could soon be used in poor, remote regions to diagnose childhood pneumonia reliably. According to Udantha Abeyratne from the University of Queensland in Australia and colleagues, this simple technique of recording coughs with a microphone on the patient's bedside table, has the potential to revolutionize the management of childhood pneumonia in remote regions around the world. Their work is published online in Springer's journal Annals of Biomedical Engineering.

Pneumonia is the leading killer of young children around the world. Since it is largely a disease of poverty, the vast majority of deaths occur in resource-poor regions such as sub-Saharan Africa, South Asia and remote areas of China. The lack of laboratory testing facilities and trained healthcare personnel in these regions mean difficulties in the timely diagnosis and adequate treatment of childhood pneumonia.

At the moment, community workers in these regions use the World Health Organization's simple clinical algorithm to diagnose pneumonia. However there are some limitations, including the high rate of false positive results which lead to over-prescription of rare antibiotic stocks.

Abeyratne and team's work identifies an easy-to-use alternative that addresses these challenges, in the form of new technology which analyzes cough sounds to diagnose pneumonia. Indeed, cough is a main symptom of pneumonia and carries vital information on the lower respiratory tract - consolidation of the lungs and secretions in particular. These markers of infection alter the acoustic properties of coughs helping to identify pneumonia-specific features.

The researchers analyzed 815 cough events recorded from a total of 91 hospitalized children with and without pneumonia, at the Sardjito Hospital of Gadjah Mada University in Indonesia. Cough sounds were collected by microphones placed on nearby bedside tables. Coughs were classified as either pneumonic or non-pneumonic. The researchers used the overall clinical diagnosis provided by pediatric respiratory clinicians - aided with routine diagnostic technologies - to validate the sound analysis. From the analysis of cough sounds alone, this new technique was able to identify pneumonia cases with over 90 percent sensitivity, meaning that it identifies most patients who actually have pneumonia. In addition, it did so with a low false positive rate, outperforming the existing WHO algorithm for resource-poor regions.

The authors conclude: "Our results indicate the feasibility of taking a cough-centered approach to the diagnosis of childhood pneumonia in resource-poor regions. The technology, in its simplest version, will require between 5-10 cough sounds and will automatically and immediately provide a diagnosis without requiring physical contact with patients. Such a system, if successful, is expected to be a paradigm-shifting novelty in the field of pneumonia diagnosis in remote regions."


'/>"/>

Contact: Sophia Grein
sophia.grein@springer.com
49-622-148-78414
Springer
Source:Eurekalert

Related biology news :

1. Ceramic indoor cookstove use did not significantly lower child pneumonia risk in rural Kenya
2. Scientists sequence genome of pathogen responsible for pneumocystis pneumonia
3. Stopping smoking reduces risk of bacterial pneumonia in people with HIV
4. Low vitamin D levels a risk factor for pneumonia
5. Genetic mutation depicted in van Goghs sunflower paintings revealed by scientists
6. Ancient giant turtle fossil revealed
7. Key part of plants rapid response system revealed
8. Detector of DNA damage: Structure of a repair factor revealed
9. Mystery of elephant infrasounds revealed
10. The genetic cause of a severe skeletal disease in Brazilian Terrier puppies revealed
11. Bread wheats large and complex genome is revealed
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:4/11/2017)... DUBLIN , Apr. 11, 2017 Research ... Tracking Market 2017-2021" report to their offering. ... The global eye tracking market to grow at ... The report, Global Eye Tracking Market 2017-2021, has been prepared based ... report covers the market landscape and its growth prospects over the ...
(Date:4/5/2017)... April 5, 2017 Today HYPR Corp. ... the server component of the HYPR platform is officially ... the end-to-end security architecture that empowers biometric authentication across ... has already secured over 15 million users across the ... of connected home product suites and physical access represent ...
(Date:3/30/2017)... HONG KONG , March 30, 2017 ... developed a system for three-dimensional (3D) fingerprint identification by adopting ground ... technology into a new realm of speed and accuracy for use ... applications at an affordable cost. ... ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):
(Date:4/20/2017)... , ... April 20, 2017 , ... ... , this new webinar will explore challenging patient cases when screening for direct ... hospital, there may be a need for bridging parental anticoagulation especially for those ...
(Date:4/20/2017)... , ... April 20, 2017 , ... NetDimensions appoints Bill ... , With over 20 years of experience in the learning technologies industry, Mastin joins ... company within Learning Technologies Group plc (LTG). At LEO, Mastin served as SVP of ...
(Date:4/20/2017)... 20, 2017 Dutch philosopher Koert van Mensvoort - ... the University of Technology in Eindhoven - has written a ,Letter to ... calls on humanity to avoid becoming a slave and victim to its own ... ... Dutch philosopher Koert van Mensvoort – founder of the Next Nature Network ...
(Date:4/19/2017)... (PRWEB) , ... April 18, 2017 , ... Alisa Wright, ... Distinguished Alumni Awards from the Purdue College of Pharmacy in Lafayette, Indiana. , ... Pharmacy Program for achievements in their careers and other scientific endeavors. , Wright ...
Breaking Biology Technology: