Navigation Links
Physical reason for chromosome shape discovered
Date:1/14/2014

This work gives a solution to a fundamental question in structural biology: Why do metaphase chromosomes have their characteristic elongated cylindrical shape? The proposed solution is consistent with the structure of metaphase chromatin and with the nanomechanical properties of chromatin and chromosomes. It is a research at the interface between biology (higher order chromatin structure) and physical sciences (supramolecular structures and nanomaterials). This approach goes beyond the capabilities of current structural biology based on X-ray crystallography, because it allows the study of an enormous supramolecular assembly that cannot be crystallized. The work has been published in the Journal of the Royal Society Interface.

In the cell nucleus, genomic DNA molecules are associated with histone proteins and form long chromatin filaments containing many nucleosomes. Previous microscopy studies performed by researchers at the Chromatin Laboratory directed by professor Joan-Ramon Daban (Biosciences Unit of the Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, UAB) showed that, during cell division, chromatin filaments are folded into multilayer planar structures. This discovery led to the thin-plate model in which it was proposed that condensed chromosomes are formed by many stacked layers of chromatin oriented perpendicular to the chromosome axis.

The measurements performed by professor Daban show that chromosomes of different animal and plant species exhibit great differences in size (which are dependent on the amount of DNA that they contain), but in all cases chromosomes are elongated cylinders that have relatively similar shape proportions (the length to diameter ratio is approximately 13). This study demonstrates that it is possible to explain this morphology by considering that chromosomes are self-organizing supramolecular structures formed by stacked layers of planar chromatin having different nucleosome-nucleosome interactio
'/>"/>

Contact: Joan-Ramon Daban
Joanramon.daban@uab.cat
34-935-811-616
Universitat Autonoma de Barcelona
Source:Eurekalert  

Page: 1 2

Related biology news :

1. Increasing clarity for medics in suspected physical abuse cases
2. NIH-funded study examines use of mobile technology to improve diet and physical activity behavior
3. UTHealth study addresses barriers to physical activity counseling
4. Harvards Wyss Institute to develop smart suit that improves soldiers physical endurance
5. Iron, vitamins could affect physical fitness in adolescents
6. Childrens physical activity levels are not enough to counteract sedentary lifestyles
7. Biophysical Society names 5 2013 award recipients
8. Biophysical Society names 2013 Distinguished Service, Emily M. Gray, and Founders awardees
9. New study finds milk-drinking kids reap physical benefits later in life
10. Dark Energy: Life beneath the seafloor discussed at upcoming American Geophysical Union conference
11. UT study: Students who are more physically fit perform better academically
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
Related Image:
Physical reason for chromosome shape discovered
(Date:10/1/2014)... to take a healthy salad up a level by ... cancer in leafy greens. , "In the long run, ... eating the salad or making a pill from the ... engineering at Case Western Reserve School of Medicine and ... breast cancer organization is funding the research with a ...
(Date:9/30/2014)... each year, but its deep-blue waters host the ... alien species, including fish, crustaceans, and algae are ... In the open-access journal Frontiers in Marine ... data from a new information system developed by ... of alien species has changed the native biodiversity ...
(Date:9/30/2014)... Ocean Health Index rates the Earth,s oceans at ... addition, for the first time, the report assessed ... national jurisdiction (high-seas areas) all critical regions ... providing sustainable food sources. , In the third ... by scientists from UC Santa Barbara,s National Center ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):Scientists wield plant viruses against deadly human disease 2Scientists wield plant viruses against deadly human disease 3Biodiversity in the Mediterranean is threatened by alien species 2Rating the planet's oceans 2Rating the planet's oceans 3
... new map of the potato genome that may lead ... help feed the world,s hungry. By sequencing and ... consortium has, for the first time, tied specific potato ... and development of potatoes may enable scientists and breeders ...
... Institute, one of the National Institutes of Health, has ... of Medicine each approximately $2.3 million a year for ... Glycosciences. Gerald Hart, Ph.D., director of biological chemistry and ... will lead these independent efforts to better understand the ...
... TORONTO, Ont., July 12, 2001--Eating nuts every day could ... according to new research from St. Michael,s Hospital and ... online by the journal Diabetes Care , a ... of Toronto Department of Nutritional Sciences; St. Michael,s Hospital ...
Cached Biology News:Johns Hopkins researchers awarded $32 million 2A 'nutty' solution to type 2 diabetes management 2
(Date:9/30/2014)... AMHERST, Mass. Using a bio-mimicking analog of ... of grass, an international research team led by ... has taken a major step in developing long-sought ... to electricity for use in electronic devices. ... UMass Amherst and others at Stanford University and ...
(Date:9/30/2014)... NEW YORK , Sept. 30, 2014 /PRNewswire/ ... used to kill nematodes. Nematodes are microscopic parasitic ... soil, water, and inside other plants and animals. ... high volatility or other properties promoting migration through ... contain more than 1,000 plant-parasitic nematodes. With more ...
(Date:9/30/2014)... , Sept. 30, 2014  RegeneRx Biopharmaceuticals, Inc. ... that it has received a Canadian Patent for ... Peptides.  This patent includes claims using thymosin beta ... actin-sequestering peptides for these purposes.  The patent will ... Biopharmaceuticals, Inc. ( www.regenerx.com ) ...
(Date:9/30/2014)... September 30, 2014 OriginOil Inc. (OTC/QB: ... chemical-free process to clean up large quantities of water, ... Riggs Eckelberry reported on the launch of the company's ... site provided by partner STW Resources . , ... barrels per day (bpd) and achieved a 99.8% reduction ...
Breaking Biology Technology:Blades of grass inspire advance in organic solar cells 2Blades of grass inspire advance in organic solar cells 3Nematicides Market by Types (Fumigants, Organophosphates, Carbamate and Bio-Nematicides), Applications (Agrochemicals, Industrial, and Others), and Geography (North America, Europe, Asia-Pacific & ROW) - Global Trends & Forecasts to 2019 2RegeneRx Receives Canadian Patent for Inhibition or Reversal of Skin Aging 2OriginOil, Inc. Report to Shareholders: Blue Gold in West Texas 2
... second can make the difference between life and death, ... sensors" that allow for faster response times from military ... NC State that will help ensure those sensors will ... Afghanistan or elsewhere. "We,ve taken a sensor material ...
... ... of 2007 and to enhance patient safety with complete part traceability, can now use ... coding, scan and software tracking of each part and batch, including all leak test, ... ...
... the pleasantness of novel odors, just like a human ... notion that smell is completely personal and culture-specific. The ... Wolfson Medical Center, argue that the perception of an ... and it is only within specific contexts that personal ...
Cached Biology Technology:InterTech Development Company UDI System Announced 2Odor pleasantness shown to be partly hard-wired 2Odor pleasantness shown to be partly hard-wired 3
Human Carnosine Dipeptidase 1 Affinity Purified PAb...
Rabbit polyclonal to Syntrophin alpha 1 ( Abpromise for all tested applications). entrezGeneID: 6640 SwissProtID: Q13424...
Mouse monoclonal [Flt-1/EWC] to VEGF Receptor 1 ( Abpromise for all tested applications). entrezGeneID: 2321 SwissProtID: P17948...
Mouse monoclonal [4i97] to HLA Class 1 A25 ( Abpromise for all tested applications). Antigen: Full length protein (Human): HLA Class 1 Antigen-A25. Swiss Protein ID: P18462...
Biology Products: