Navigation Links
Pacific shellfish ready to invade Atlantic
Date:8/7/2008

As the Arctic Ocean warms this century, shellfish, snails and other animals from the Pacific Ocean will resume an invasion of the northern Atlantic that was interrupted by cooling conditions three million years ago, predict Geerat Vermeij, professor of geology at the University of California, Davis, and Peter Roopnarine at the California Academy of Sciences.

Climate models predict a nearly ice-free Arctic Ocean by 2050. That will restore conditions that last existed during the mid-Pliocene era around three to 3.5 million years ago. Several north Pacific species have relatives in the north Atlantic, and the fossil record shows a lot of invasion from the Pacific to the Atlantic at that time, Vermeij said.

When cold conditions returned, the Arctic route was cut off, mostly by a lack of food. As the ice melts, productivity in the Arctic will rise and the northward march of the mollusks will resume where it left off three million years ago.

Vermeij and Roopnarine reviewed literature on mollusks found in the Bering and Chuckchi seas between Alaska and eastern Siberia. At least 77 molluscan lineages, about a third of the species of shallow-water shellfish in the Bering Sea, have the potential to spread to the Atlantic, they concluded.

Three factors drove the one-way traffic across the North Pole during the Pliocene, Vermeij said. The Bering and Chukchi seas are very productive, with abundant food; there is a net northward flow of water from the Pacific through the Bering Strait; and strong competition in the Bering Sea means bigger, tougher animals.

But the invaders will not wipe out native species, Vermeij said. The fossil record shows that invasions rarely lead to species extinction in marine environments, he said. Instead, the invasion will add new species and hybrids and increase competition in the North Atlantic.

"The composition and dynamics of north Atlantic communities will change," Roopnarine said. "But whether that will help or harm local fisheries is an open question. Humans may have to adapt as well."

In the paper, Vermeij and Roopnarine note that in the past, species expanded their ranges within and between oceans during warm periods.

"The interesting thing to me is that the fossil record has something to say about the consequences of global warming," Vermeij said.


'/>"/>

Contact: Andy Fell
ahfell@ucdavis.edu
530-752-4533
University of California - Davis
Source:Eurekalert

Related biology news :

1. Parasites outweigh predators in Pacific Coast estuaries
2. NOAA study shows eastern tropical pacific ocean dolphin populations improving
3. Pacific coast turning more acidic
4. New study finds most North Pacific humpback whale populations rebounding
5. Worlds largest marine protected area created in Pacific Ocean
6. Quakes under Pacific floor reveal unexpected circulatory system
7. Environmental setting of human migrations in the circum-Pacific Region
8. Freshwater supplies threatened in central Pacific
9. Saltwater sleuths: Seeking clues to help determine the ages of fish and shellfish populations
10. Underwater microscope helps prevent shellfish poisoning along Gulf Coast of Texas
11. U-M ballast-free ship could cut costs while blocking aquatic invaders
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:4/17/2017)... , April 17, 2017 NXT-ID, Inc. (NASDAQ: ... announces the filing of its 2016 Annual Report on Form 10-K ... Commission. ... 10-K is available in the Investor Relations section of the Company,s ... the SEC,s website at http://www.sec.gov . 2016 Year ...
(Date:4/11/2017)... GARDENS, Fla. , April 11, 2017 /PRNewswire/ ... management and secure authentication solutions, today announced that ... by Intelligence Advanced Research Projects Activity (IARPA) to ... IARPA,s Thor program. "Innovation has been ... and IARPA,s Thor program will allow us to ...
(Date:4/11/2017)... , April 11, 2017 NXT-ID, Inc. ... technology company, announces the appointment of independent Directors Mr. ... to its Board of Directors, furthering the company,s corporate governance ... Gino ... we look forward to their guidance and benefiting from their ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):
(Date:9/19/2017)... ... 2017 , ... The new and improved Oakton® pocket testers, from Cole-Parmer, stand ... with a new cap design that is versatile, functional and leakproof. They are ideal ... test water quality. , The Oakton pocket testers have many user-friendly and functional features. ...
(Date:9/19/2017)... -- ValGenesis Inc., the global leader in Enterprise Validation ... strategic partnership with VTI Life Sciences (VTI). This partnership ... the latest technology available in the ValGenesis VLMS system. ... and cost-effective validation services using ValGenesis VLMS. VTI will ... system. The partnership ...
(Date:9/19/2017)... ... September 19, 2017 , ... ... announced a partnership with Cytena GmbH to launch the CloneSelect™ Single-Cell Printer™ in ... analysis to isolate single cells and provide visual documentation of monoclonality for use ...
(Date:9/19/2017)... ... September 19, 2017 , ... Band-LOK, LLC, ... announced today that two new patents have been allowed by the USPTO on ... Band-LOK, said, “We continue to explore additional clinically-relevant designs for both the implants ...
Breaking Biology Technology: