Navigation Links
Ocean stirring and plankton patchiness
Date:6/21/2010

Computer simulations performed by researchers at the National Oceanography Centre and the University of Glasgow show how oceanic stirring and mixing influence the formation and dynamics of plankton patches in the upper ocean.

Tiny free-floating marine plants called phytoplankton live in vast numbers in the sunlit upper ocean. Through the process of photosynthesis, they build carbon compounds such as sugars starting with just water and carbon dioxide, which is thereby drawn down from the atmosphere.

Phytoplankton also need nutrients such as phosphate and iron, shortage of which can limit their population growth. They are also preyed upon by tiny planktonic animals called zooplankton.

"Interactions between phytoplankton, nutrients, zooplankton and the physical environment lead to complex dynamics, which we seek to understand using computer models," explained Emma Guirey, whose work on the problem was done as part of her PhD studies. "These complex dynamics can produce the patchiness of phytoplankton at the ocean surface that is invariably seen in satellite images and observed at sea during research cruises."

Guirey and her colleagues applied the methods of synchronisation theory previously used to explain such phenomena as the co-ordinated flashing of fireflies along whole riverbanks. Initially they studied the balance between localised increases in phytoplankton populations and small-scale mixing, such as that due to breaking waves, in creating patches. Patchiness was found to persist despite the mixing which might be expected to smooth out the patches by blending them together.

The initial studies neglected the effects of stirring, or 'advection' by large scale ocean currents such as the Gulf Stream and Kuroshio, but this is included in the most recent computer simulations. This stirring stretches the patches out into long filaments. However, the patches still resist dispersal.

"What is exciting is that
'/>"/>

Contact: Dr. Rory Howlett
r.howlett@noc.soton.ac.uk
44-080-598-490
National Oceanography Centre, Southampton (UK)
Source:Eurekalert  

Page: 1 2

Related biology news :

1. TAU scientists probe deep questions aboard EcoOceans environmental research ship
2. NASA celebrates a decade observing climate impacts on health of worlds oceans
3. CO2 emissions could violate EPA ocean-quality standards within decades
4. NASA celebrates a decade observing climate impacts on health of worlds oceans
5. Scientists, policymakers and industry leaders gather to discuss ocean iron fertilization
6. Acid oceans warning
7. Scientists gather in New Zealand to share oceans secrets
8. Unprecedented global measurement network achieves full coverage of oceans
9. Abel to receive posthumous Ocean and Coastal Leadership award
10. Human safety, prosperity depend on better ocean observing system: Scientists
11. Marine scientists warn human safety, prosperity depend on better ocean observing system
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
Related Image:
Ocean stirring and plankton patchiness
(Date:10/15/2014)... , Oct. 15, 2014 Sandata ... for home and community-based care, today announced it ... implementing Sandata,s Santrax® Electronic Visit Verification™ Solution (EVV™) ... is a home health company founded in 1996 ... . The study details ...
(Date:10/15/2014)... of Life, is a non-traditional biophysics textbook and it ... is a journey of discovery into biological systems and ... biological regulation. It is about how our genes make ... the billions of cells in an organism. It quantifies ... principles, which can be found on both large and ...
(Date:10/15/2014)... virus is spreading rapidly and to an unexpected extent. ... the past and the virus shows a new disease ... before. For this reason, the German National Academy of ... and Engineering, and the Union of the German Academies ... the Ebola epidemic today. , In the statement the ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):Sandata Announces Case Study with Quality Care Services, Inc. 2New book about life as seen from physics 2Academies call for consequences from the Ebola virus epidemic 2Academies call for consequences from the Ebola virus epidemic 3Academies call for consequences from the Ebola virus epidemic 4Academies call for consequences from the Ebola virus epidemic 5
... 1, 2011 A pathway whereby bacteria communicate with ... Hebrew University of Jerusalem. The discovery has important implications ... bacteria in the body. Bacteria are known to ... of extracellular signalling molecules, said Prof. Sigal Ben-Yehuda of ...
... is known to have cancer-protective properties, and shift work ... production. Shift work has been thought to have important ... increased risk of several cancers including breast, endometrial, prostate, ... study, researchers at Brigham and Women,s Hospital (BWH) found ...
... SEATTLE Twelve graduate students from institutes throughout ... Harold M. Weintraub Graduate Student Award sponsored by the ... Nominations were solicited internationally; the winners were selected on ... their work. , The recipients, all advanced students at ...
Cached Biology News:Shift work may be associated with decreased risk of skin cancer 22011 Harold M. Weintraub Graduate Student Award recipients announced 22011 Harold M. Weintraub Graduate Student Award recipients announced 3
(Date:10/20/2014)... , Oct. 20, 2014 Asterias Biotherapeutics, ... Company has signed a Notice of Grant Award ... (CIRM), effective October 1, 2014.  The NGA provides ... and the release of additional grant funds pursuant ... award for clinical development of Asterias, product, AST-OPC1. ...
(Date:10/20/2014)... PureTech , a science and technology development ... today the closing of a $55 million growth ... a $120 Billion group of funds. The funding ... forward and to advance new healthcare related products ... really go for the big ideas that can ...
(Date:10/19/2014)... 2014 The Latin American hardware encryption ... Latin America with analysis and forecast of revenue. This ... is expected to reach $2,366.8 million by 2018, at ... Browse through the TOC of the Latin American hardware ... in-depth analysis provided. It also provides a glimpse of ...
(Date:10/19/2014)... The Asian Automatic patient billing report ... and forecast of revenue. The Automatic patient billing market ... million by 2018, at a developing CAGR of 7.2% ... of the Asian Automatic patient billing market, to get ... provides a glimpse of the segmentation of this market ...
Breaking Biology Technology:Asterias Biotherapeutics Announces Notice of Grant Award with CIRM for Phase 1/2a Clinical Trial of AST-OPC1 in Complete Cervical Spinal Cord Injury 2Asterias Biotherapeutics Announces Notice of Grant Award with CIRM for Phase 1/2a Clinical Trial of AST-OPC1 in Complete Cervical Spinal Cord Injury 3Asterias Biotherapeutics Announces Notice of Grant Award with CIRM for Phase 1/2a Clinical Trial of AST-OPC1 in Complete Cervical Spinal Cord Injury 4PureTech Announces Expansion with Oversubscribed $55M Funding Round 2PureTech Announces Expansion with Oversubscribed $55M Funding Round 3PureTech Announces Expansion with Oversubscribed $55M Funding Round 4PureTech Announces Expansion with Oversubscribed $55M Funding Round 5PureTech Announces Expansion with Oversubscribed $55M Funding Round 6The Latin American hardware encryption display market is expected to reach $2,366.8 million by 2018 - New Report by MicroMarket Monitor 2The Latin American hardware encryption display market is expected to reach $2,366.8 million by 2018 - New Report by MicroMarket Monitor 3The Asian Automatic patient billing market is estimated to grow to around $463.9 million by 2018 - New Report by MicroMarket Monitor 2The Asian Automatic patient billing market is estimated to grow to around $463.9 million by 2018 - New Report by MicroMarket Monitor 3
... , ROCKVILLE, Md. , Aug. 6 ... today the appointment of Richard Douglas , Ph.D. to ... President, Corporate Development at Genzyme Corp.  As a leader of ... numerous acquisitions, licenses, joint ventures and strategic alliances as well ...
... Arizona State University researchers will get support from the ... next generations of lasers and infrared photodetectors. ... for an array of defense and commercial applications. ... Office grant through the defense department,s Multidisciplinary University Research ...
... Vicept Therapeutics, Inc., a privately held specialty biopharmaceutical company, announced ... the Company,s lead product V-101, a topical cream under investigation for ... , , ... crossover clinical trial of 22 patients with rosacea was designed to ...
Cached Biology Technology:NOVAVAX Elects Richard H. Douglas to its Board of Directors 2NOVAVAX Elects Richard H. Douglas to its Board of Directors 3Looking to leap forward on laser and photodetector technologies 2Vicept Therapeutics Announces Positive Clinical Study Results of V-101 for the Treatment of the Erythema of Rosacea 2Vicept Therapeutics Announces Positive Clinical Study Results of V-101 for the Treatment of the Erythema of Rosacea 3
Antibody specific for trimethyl-Lys27 of histone H3. Mouse monoclonal. Antigen: Synthetic peptide derived from histone H3, trimethylated at lysine 27...
DL-Dithiothreitol (Clelands Reagent) ,PROTEASE FREE!! ,Molecular Biology Grade ,PRODUCT MUST SHIP NEXT DAY DURING HOT SUMMER MONTHS. ,C 4 H 10 O 2 S 2 ,Molecular Weight: 154.25 ,CAS RN: [27565-...
DTT 50 l...
...
Biology Products: