Navigation Links
Obesity, diabetes epidemics continue to grow in California, UCLA study finds
Date:8/31/2010

A majority of adults in California are obese or overweight, and more than 2 million have been diagnosed with diabetes, according to a new study from the UCLA Center for Health Policy Research.

Both conditions which are related to each other as well as to heart disease increased significantly in just six years, with the prevalence of diabetes alone jumping nearly 26 percent between 2001 and 2007.

The "epidemic" of obesity and diabetes leaves no racial, ethnic, economic or geographic segment of the state unscathed, according to the researchers. Although American Indians, African Americans and Latinos are particularly affected by both obesity and diabetes, these conditions increased among all racial and ethnic groups between 2001 and 2007.

Similarly, while both conditions disproportionately affect the poorest Californians, there were upward trends in prevalence among all income groups during the same time period. California's youth are also affected: More than a quarter of California adolescents some 970,000 children are obese or overweight.

"When so many people of different ages, income and educational levels, and cultural backgrounds are struggling with obesity and diabetes, it suggests that 'going on a diet' is not enough," said research co-author Dr. Allison Diamant, a faculty associate with the center and an associate adjunct professor of general internal medicine and health services research. "We need to take a hard look at the environmental and structural factors that contribute to these conditions.

The study specifically recommends that policymakers and others seek ways to increase access to recreational facilities and parks, as well as promote policies that encourage farmers markets and improve access to food outlets that stock fresh fruits and vegetables and other healthy fare.

The consequences of failure are severe. California is falling far short of the targets for obesity and diabetes set by Healthy People 2010, a national health-promotion and disease-prevention plan. For example, obesity among California adolescents is more than twice as high as the national target of 5.0 percent, while the rate of diabetes among California adults is more than three times the federal goal of 2.5 percent of the population.

"It is a travesty that beer and Flaming Hot Cheetos are more readily available than an apple in low-income communities across the state," said Dr. Robert K. Ross, president and CEO of The California Endowment, which supported the study. "Local governments must support community efforts to bring in healthy food to these communities and expand opportunities for children and families to engage in physical activity by cleaning up parks and improving community safety."

In California, the total annual cost of diabetes is estimated to be $24 billion, with $17 billion spent on direct medical care and $7 billion on indirect costs associated with the disease. The cost of obesity to families, employers, the health care industry and the government is equally steep: $21 billion. If obesity and diabetes continue to affect more and more of the population, the associated costs will continue to grow.

Although there are a number of factors associated with diabetes and obesity, ranging from genetics to individual behaviors, the composition and structure of neighborhoods and social environments have been increasingly implicated as impediments to maintaining a healthy lifestyle. Both physical activity and healthy eating are important for preventing and reducing obesity and diabetes.

California has enacted reforms to encourage healthy eating, including requiring chain restaurants to display calorie information and prohibiting the sale of soda and other sweetened beverages on K󈝸 school campuses.

However, the study authors conclude that more needs to be done to promote environments that promote regular exercise and healthy eating.

Other study findings:

Hardest-hit counties

Obesity prevalence was highest in Imperial (39.6 percent), Merced (34.3 percent) and Tulare (31.1 percent) counties, while diabetes prevalence was highest in Tulare (12.1 percent) and Fresno (10.9 percent). Regionally, the San Joaquin Valley had the highest prevalence of both obesity (30.0 percent) and diabetes (9.4 percent). Los Angeles County, due to the size of its population, had by far the most obese residents (1.7 million) and the most residents diagnosed with diabetes (642,000).

Low-income adults at risk

Adults living below the poverty line had a significantly higher prevalence of obesity (27.7 percent) than higher-income adults (19.6 percent). Similarly, diabetes was more prevalent among the poorest adults those living below 200 percent of the federal poverty level.

Education a factor

The prevalence of obesity was nearly twice as high among adults with no more than an eighth-grade education (30.3 percent) as among those who graduated from college (14.9 percent). Diabetes prevalence was three times as high among adults with no high school education (14.8 percent) as among those who graduated from college (5.1 percent).


'/>"/>

Contact: Gwen Driscoll
gdriscoll@ucla.edu
310-794-0930
University of California - Los Angeles
Source:Eurekalert

Related biology news :

1. Connection elucidated between obesity, salt sensitivity and high blood pressure
2. Community involvement important in fight against childhood obesity, according to UTHealth researchers
3. UCF discovery could open door to obesity, diabetes treatments
4. Diabetes risk in children increases risk for weak bones
5. One molecule, many more insulin-producing cells to treat diabetes, says Pitt team
6. Diabetes monitoring device benefits man and mans best friend
7. Protein important in diabetes may also play a key role in heart disease, other disorders
8. New biotech company grows from MCG diabetes and genomic research
9. Distribution is what matters: How body fat influences the risk of diabetes
10. Diabetes shouldnt deter young athletes: York U study
11. Discovery points to new approach for diabetes therapy
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:12/15/2016)...  There is much more to innovative access systems ... Continental will demonstrate the intelligence of today,s solutions at ... Through the combination of the keyless entry and start ... the international technology company is opening up new possibilities ... "The integration of biometric elements brings our expertise ...
(Date:12/7/2016)... December 7, 2016 According to a new market research ... Tool (Facial Expression, Voice Recognition), Service, Application Area, End User, And Region - ... grow from USD 6.72 Billion in 2016 to USD 36.07 Billion by 2021, ... Continue Reading ... MarketsandMarkets Logo ...
(Date:12/6/2016)... Valencell , the leading innovator in performance biometric ... consecutive year of triple digit growth for its PerformTek ... 360 percent increase in companies who have acquired Valencell ... sales of its wrist and ear Benchmark™ sensor systems, ... hearables for fitness and healthcare applications. ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):
(Date:1/13/2017)... 13, 2017 Research and Markets has announced ... - Global Forecast to 2021" report to their offering. ... The biosimilars market ... 3.39 Billion in 2016, at a CAGR of 26.3%. ... product, manufacturing type, and application. Factors such as rising incidence of ...
(Date:1/13/2017)... ... January 13, 2017 , ... FireflySci ... it has found among its diverse customer base. The latest entry in this ... brands electroporators including BTX and Bio-Rad. FireflySci is introducing three distinct varieties including ...
(Date:1/12/2017)... ... , ... Each year, Crain’s Detroit Business News ranks the most innovative companies ... estate of a company, its impact and significance, and the likelihood of bringing it ... technologies that transform energy sources such as low dose X-ray and convert them into ...
(Date:1/12/2017)... AURORA, Colo (PRWEB) , ... January 12, 2017 ... ... and then to targeted treatments, 26-year-old Lisa Rosendahl’s doctors gave her only a ... eLife describes a new drug combination that has stabilized Rosendahl’s disease and increased ...
Breaking Biology Technology: