Navigation Links
Nutrition influences metabolism through circadian rhythms, UCI study finds
Date:12/19/2013

Irvine, Calif., Dec. 19, 2013 A high-fat diet affects the molecular mechanism controlling the internal body clock that regulates metabolic functions in the liver, UC Irvine scientists have found. Disruption of these circadian rhythms may contribute to metabolic distress ailments, such as diabetes, obesity and high blood pressure.

There's good news, though. The researchers also discovered that returning to a balanced, low-fat diet normalized the rhythms. This study reveals that the circadian clock is able to reprogram itself depending on a diet's nutritional content which could lead to the identification of novel pharmacological targets for controlled diets.

UC Irvine's Paolo Sassone-Corsi, the Donald Bren Professor of Biological Chemistry and one of the world's leading researchers on the genetics of circadian rhythms, led the study, which appears in Cell.

Circadian rhythms of 24 hours govern fundamental physiological functions in virtually all organisms. The circadian clocks are intrinsic time-tracking systems in our bodies that anticipate environmental changes and adapt themselves to the appropriate time of day. Changes to these rhythms can profoundly influence human health. Up to 15 percent of people's genes are regulated by the day-night pattern of circadian rhythms, including those involved with metabolic pathways in the liver.

A high-fat diet reprograms the liver clock through two main mechanisms. One blocks normal cycles by impeding the clock regulator genes called CLOCK:BMAL1. The other initiates a new program of oscillations by activating genes that normally do not oscillate, principally through a factor called PPAR-gamma. Previously implicated in inflammatory responses and the formation of fatty tissue, this factor oscillates with a high-fat diet.

It's noteworthy, Sassone-Corsi said, that this reprogramming takes place independent of the state of obesity; rather, it's solely dependent upon caloric intake showing the remarkable adaptability of the circadian clock.

The authors will extend their research to the effects of a high-fat diet on other body components, including muscle, fat, the brain and blood plasma.


'/>"/>

Contact: Tom Vasich
tmvasich@uci.edu
949-824-6455
University of California - Irvine
Source:Eurekalert

Related biology news :

1. Fish oil added to yogurt may help consumers meet daily nutritional requirements
2. Poll shows strong voter support for school nutrition standards
3. Researchers unveil new assessment for diagnosing malnutrition
4. Carnivorous plants rely on the services and wastes of a symbiotic ant for nutrition
5. Washington University receives $8 million to lead international childhood malnutrition effort
6. Wiley-Blackwell launches new open-access journal: Food Science & Nutrition
7. CRN assesses current state of scientific research for nutritional supplements
8. Nutrition tied to improved sperm DNA quality in older men
9. A mother’s nutrition--before pregnancy--may alter the function of her children’s genes
10. World experts enlist to help Malaysia mitigate problem of poorer nutrition as incomes rise
11. Malaysia to battle nutrition transition problem emerging worldwide: More income, poorer diet choices
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:11/15/2016)... , Nov 15, 2016 Research and ... Global Forecast to 2021" report to their offering. ... ... USD 16.18 Billion by 2021 from USD 6.21 Billion in 2016, ... Growth of the bioinformatics market is driven by the ...
(Date:6/22/2016)... 2016   Acuant , the leading ... has partnered with RightCrowd ® to ... Management, Self-Service Kiosks and Continuous Workforce Assurance. ... functional enhancements to existing physical access control ... with an automated ID verification and authentication ...
(Date:6/15/2016)... York , June 15, 2016 ... new market report titled "Gesture Recognition Market by Application ... Forecast, 2016 - 2024". According to the report, the  ... 11.60 billion in 2015 and is estimated to ... USD 48.56 billion by 2024.  Increasing ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):
(Date:12/6/2016)... ... December 06, 2016 , ... ProMIS ... of precision treatments for neurodegenerative diseases, today announced the validated monoclonal antibody ... direct neurotoxic effect of prion-like forms of Amyloid beta (Aß) in vitro. ...
(Date:12/5/2016)... , Dec. 5, 2016 Axovant Sciences Ltd. ... company focused on the treatment of dementia, today announced ... the treatment of Alzheimer,s disease will be presented at ... on Friday, December 9, 2016 in San ... results of both simple and complex measures of activities ...
(Date:12/5/2016)... 2016 Research and Markets has announced ... Markets and Companies" to their offering. ... , , ... various -omics technologies such as proteomics and metabolomics. Molecular diagnostics technologies ... also based on biomarker. Currently the most important applications ...
(Date:12/5/2016)... ... , ... In anticipation of AxioMed’s exclusive cleanroom manufacturing facility ... Jake Lubinski will be traveling to Germany on December 6th. Mr. Lubinski will ... to discuss the benefits of a viscoelastic total disc replacement. , AxioMed received ...
Breaking Biology Technology: