Navigation Links
New type of gene that regulates tumor suppressor PTEN identified
Date:2/24/2013

Researchers at Karolinska Institutet in Sweden have identified a new so-called pseudogene that regulates the tumour-suppressing PTEN gene. They hope that this pseudogene will be able to control PTEN to reverse the tumour process, make the cancer tumour more sensitive to chemotherapy and to prevent the development of resistance. The findings, which are published in the scientific journal Nature Structural and Molecular Biology, can be of significance in the future development of cancer drugs.

The development of tumours coincides with the activation of several cancer genes as well as the inactivation of other tumour-suppressing genes owing to damage to the DNA and to the fact that the cancer cells manage to switch off the transcription of tumour-suppressor genes. To identify what might be regulating this silencing, the researchers studied PTEN, one of the most commonly inactivated tumour-suppressor genes. It has long been believed that the switching-off process is irreversible, but the team has now shown that silenced PTEN genes in tumour cells can be 'rescued' and re-activated by a 'pseudogene', a type of gene that, unlike normal genes, does not encode an entire protein.

"We identified a new non-protein encoding pseudogene, which determines whether the expression of PTEN is to be switched on or off," says research team member Per Johnsson, doctoral student at Karolinska Institutet's Department of Oncology-Pathology. "What makes this case spectacular is that the gene only produces RNA, the protein's template. It is this RNA that, through a sequence of mechanisms, regulates PTEN. Pseudogenes have been known about for many years, but it was thought that they were only junk material."

No less than 98 per cent of human DNA consists of non-protein encoding genes (i.e. pseudogenes), and by studying these formerly neglected genes the researchers have begun to understand that they are very important and can have an effect without encoding proteins. Using model systems, the team has shown that the new pseudogene can control the expression of PTEN and make tumours more responsive to conventional chemotherapy.

"This means that we might one day be able to re-programme cancer cells to proliferate less, become more normal, and that resistance to chemotherapy can hopefully be avoided," says Per Johnsson. "We also believe that our findings can be very important for the future development of cancer drugs. What we're seeing here is just the tip of the iceberg. The human genome conceals no less than 15,000 or so pseudogenes, and it's not unreasonable to think that many of them are relevant to diseases such as cancer."


'/>"/>

Contact: The Press Office
pressinfo@ki.se
46-852-486-077
Karolinska Institutet
Source:Eurekalert

Related biology news :

1. Study identifies liver gene that regulates cholesterol and fat blood levels
2. Testosterone regulates solo song of tropical birds
3. Zebrafish research shows how dietary fat regulates cholesterol absorption
4. Gut microbiota regulates bile acid metabolism
5. Law that regulates shark fishery is too liberal: UBC study
6. Researchers at IRB Barcelona discover a general mechanism that accelerates tumor development
7. Omega-3s inhibit breast cancer tumor growth, study finds
8. Researchers in Manchester find genetic key to preventing spine tumors
9. Research improving breast cancer treatment by targeting tumor initiating cells
10. Tumor blood vessels prevent the spread of cancer cells
11. Compound stimulates tumor-fighting protein in cancer therapy
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:3/6/2017)... 2017 Mintigo , the leader ... Predictive Sales Coach TM , its new artificial ... into Salesforce. This unique AI application will allow ... with deep knowledge of their customers and prospects ... Predictive Sales Coach extends Mintigo,s existing customer success ...
(Date:3/2/2017)... 2, 2017 Who risk to be deprived ... the full report: https://www.reportbuyer.com/product/4313699/ WILL APPLE ... FIELD? Fingerprint sensors using capacitive technology represent a ... vendor Idex forecasts an increase of 360% of the ... of the fingerprint sensor market between 2014 and 2017 ...
(Date:2/28/2017)... ANGELES , Feb. 28, 2017   Acuant ... verification software globally, announces significant enhancements to new and ... May 2016. New products include mobile and desktop Acuant ... DocX TM - a real time manual review ... core idScanĀ® technology provides the fastest and most accurate ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):
(Date:3/23/2017)... , March 23, 2017 Kineta, Inc., ... of novel therapies in immuno-oncology, today announced the ... small molecule compounds that activate interferon response factor ... and demonstrate immune-mediated tumor regression in a murine ... study who demonstrated complete tumor regression to initial ...
(Date:3/23/2017)... March 23, 2017 In today,s ... equities in the Biotech industry: Sangamo Therapeutics Inc. (NASDAQ: ... (NYSE MKT: SYN), and Regulus Therapeutics Inc. (NASDAQ: ... 2017, Credit Suisse upgraded its rating on Pharmaceuticals/Biotechnology to "Overweight" from "Market ... free report at: ...
(Date:3/22/2017)... March 22, 2017  Ascendis Pharma A/S (Nasdaq: ... TransCon technology to address significant unmet medical needs ... the full year ended December 31, 2016. ... our company as we broadened our pipeline and ... rare disease company with an initial focus on ...
(Date:3/22/2017)... LEXINGTON, Mass. , March 22, 2017   ... collections, today announced that Doctors Pathology Service ... mid-Atlantic region of the United States ... the Delaware Health Information Network (DHIN) to ... researchers. The novel program, announced in ...
Breaking Biology Technology: