Navigation Links
New research traces evolutionary path of multidrug-resistant strep bacteria
Date:1/28/2011

e importantly, the findings provide evidence that the mechanism of genetic change in S. pneumoniae is primarily not through acquisition of point mutations but more often 88 percent of the time through genetic recombination.

"The phenomenon of genetic transformation, which led Oswald Avery and his Rockefeller colleagues in 1944 to identify DNA as the genetic material, is the very process that Streptococcus pneumoniae uses during evolution in its real in vivo environment," says Tomasz.

Other phenomena first identified in the laboratory also appear in stages of pneumococcal evolution in vivo. For instance, at least some of the recombination changes observed among the clinical isolates seem to use the "competence" system, a DNA uptake mechanism induced by a specific bacterial quorum sensing agent first detected by Tomasz and colleagues in laboratory experiments. Also, the mechanism of penicillin resistance, first identified by Tomasz and colleagues in the 1980s as changes in the affinity of penicillin target proteins known as penicillin binding proteins, or PBPs, is shown to involve the borrowing of genes from other bacteria, a finding previously documented in studies of individual penicillin resistant isolates.

"Perhaps the most fascinating part of the research is the description of how rapidly this clone has responded to massive in vivo interventions in the clinical environment, such as the introduction of penicillin and other antibiotics and more recently the introduction of conjugate anti-pneumococcal vaccines," says Tomasz. "These vaccines are directed against the most abundant serotypes of this bacterium, which are carried in the nasopharynx of children and which cause invasive disease."

"This research also demonstrates the importance of close collaborations between groups like the Sanger Laboratory, with expertise in high resolution genomic analysis, and laboratories that can provide carefully characterized c
'/>"/>

Contact: Joseph Bonner
bonnerj@rockefeller.edu
212-327-8998
Rockefeller University
Source:Eurekalert

Page: 1 2 3

Related biology news :

1. Cold cases gone hot: Montreal researchers solve decades-old medical mysteries using genetics
2. Breakthrough on cystic fibrosis 1 step closer as new research alliance formed
3. Researchers identify biomarkers of poor outcomes in preemies
4. Research suggests HIV causes rapid aging in key infection-fighting cells
5. President Obama calls for increased investment in science, including biomedical research
6. Researchers register new species using DNA-based description
7. 23andMe sarcoma research community reaches 500 and announces Sarcoma Scientific Advisory Committee
8. Purdue team creates engineered organ model for breast cancer research
9. Blue crab research may help Chesapeake Bay watermen improve soft shell harvest
10. Research into synthetic antibodies offers hope for new diagnostics
11. ASM Biodefense and Emerging Diseases Research Meeting
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:10/17/2014)... regarding Ebola is critical and pertinent for practicing physicians ... outbreak and epidemic. The Journal, Disaster Medicine and ... Ebola Virus and Public Health, to surround the public, ... critical societal moment. , On October 17, the ... . The primer was prepared by Dr. Eric Toner, ...
(Date:10/16/2014)... Mary,s Virginia Institute of Marine Science have received ... Agency to identify the streams and wetlands most ... to help local governments and citizens conserve these ... a dataset of tidal-marsh observations first gathered by ... historical baseline can today,s researchers accurately map the ...
(Date:10/16/2014)... Post-menopausal women experienced improvements in vaginal atrophy, with ... bleeding, after 12 weeks of daily 10 milligram ... nutritional supplement previously shown to help relieve certain ... study reported in a poster at the North ... , "These data documented improved vaginal epithelium, without ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):EPA grant will help localities conserve headwater wetlands 2EPA grant will help localities conserve headwater wetlands 3S-equol supplements associated with improved measures of reproductive health in postmenopausal women 2
... collaboration between BBSRC, EPSRC and industry has today (9 ... of extracting valuable chemicals from the co-products of grain ... produces low-value derivatives that are often sold as animal ... find ways of processing these by-products to yield chemicals ...
... Canada Large-Scale Applied Research Project Competition, which as a ... the country, the researchers in Ontario will be focusing ... identifying genes or proteins for drug targets, and the ... diseases. The first project, with a budget of ...
... Advances in HIV/AIDS Prevention and Treatment" is a one-day ... issues facing researchers working towards the development of an ... The symposium will cover epidemiological challenges, developments in HIV ... imaging of viruses crossing the mucosal barrier, the latest ...
Cached Biology News:Public and private sectors unite to make more of brewing by-products 2OGI genomics researchers awarded $23 million 2OGI genomics researchers awarded $23 million 3
(Date:10/19/2014)... The Latin American hardware encryption display ... America with analysis and forecast of revenue. This market ... expected to reach $2,366.8 million by 2018, at a ... through the TOC of the Latin American hardware encryption ... analysis provided. It also provides a glimpse of the ...
(Date:10/19/2014)... October 19, 2014 The Asia-Pacific ... market in Asia-Pacific with analysis and forecast of ... Asia Pacific Bromine Market report, to get an ... provides a glimpse of the segmentation in the ... tables and figures. , http://www.micromarketmonitor.com/market/asia-pacific-bromine-6741503144.html ...
(Date:10/19/2014)... The report "Chocolate, Cocoa Beans, Lecithin, Sugar and ... and Forecast (2011 - 2016)," analyzes the chocolate ... the major market drivers, restraints, and opportunities for the ... The global chocolate market is expected to grow from ... an estimated CAGR of 2.7% from 2011 to 2016. ...
(Date:10/19/2014)... According to market research report “Outdoor Wi-Fi Market ... Global Advancements, Forecasts and Analysis (2013 - 2018)", ... with analysis and forecasting of the global revenues. ... and the restrains for this market with the ... Browse 65 market data tables and 69 figures ...
Breaking Biology Technology:The Latin American hardware encryption display market is expected to reach $2,366.8 million by 2018 - New Report by MicroMarket Monitor 2The Latin American hardware encryption display market is expected to reach $2,366.8 million by 2018 - New Report by MicroMarket Monitor 3The Asia-Pacific Bromine Market is estimated to grow to $4,080.1 million by 2018 - New Report by MicroMarket Monitor 2The Asia-Pacific Bromine Market is estimated to grow to $4,080.1 million by 2018 - New Report by MicroMarket Monitor 3Chocolate Market Projected To Reach $98.3 Billion by 2016 - New Report by MarketsandMarkets 2Chocolate Market Projected To Reach $98.3 Billion by 2016 - New Report by MarketsandMarkets 3Chocolate Market Projected To Reach $98.3 Billion by 2016 - New Report by MarketsandMarkets 4Outdoor Wi-Fi Market (by Access Points, WLAN Controllers, Wireless gateways) Expected to Cross $37.2 Billion by 2018 - New Report by MarketsandMarkets 2Outdoor Wi-Fi Market (by Access Points, WLAN Controllers, Wireless gateways) Expected to Cross $37.2 Billion by 2018 - New Report by MarketsandMarkets 3Outdoor Wi-Fi Market (by Access Points, WLAN Controllers, Wireless gateways) Expected to Cross $37.2 Billion by 2018 - New Report by MarketsandMarkets 4
... Boston,Scientific Corporation (NYSE: BSX ) and ... Boston Scientific has completed its acquisition of CryoCor.,The ... 16.,Under the terms of the transaction, all remaining ... share in cash, for a total of,approximately $17.6 ...
... Ill., May 28 Abbott will present,at the ... June 10, 2008. Thomas C. Freyman, executive vice ... presentation on the,company at 3:20 p.m. Central time., ... will be accessible through,Abbott,s Investor Relations Web site ...
... MOUNTAINSIDE, N.J., May 28 National Stem Cell,Holding, Inc. ... taking steps to,change its name to Proteonomix, Inc. The ... Michael Cohen, President/CEO, stated: "Our new name reflects ... and development stage and,commencing the commercialization of our technologies. ...
Cached Biology Technology:Boston Scientific Completes Acquisition of CryoCor 2Boston Scientific Completes Acquisition of CryoCor 3National Stem Cell Holding, Inc. Announces the Change of Its Name to Proteonomix, Inc. 2National Stem Cell Holding, Inc. Announces the Change of Its Name to Proteonomix, Inc. 3
... is a 16 amino acid (amino acids 3-18) synthetic peptide ... The sequence of this peptide is (amino to carboxy terminus): ... V - K - L - R - A - ... K(18). This peptide may be used for neutralization ...
... standard microarray image analysis software because of ... tools, visualizations, automation capabilities, performance and ease ... every GenePix scanner, and it also imports ... types of arrays. A wide range of ...
... Package Superior Protein Detection and Quantitation ... 2D Proteomic Imaging System is a highly ... general life science research applications. ProXPRESS 2D ... all dyes in the UV and VIS ...
... Description: ,Kit containing Dermal Fibroblasts ... containing 20% FBS and 10% DMSO at ... mL) of optimized medium.This cell culture is ... guaranteed to provide an additional 6 months ...
Biology Products: