Navigation Links
New report suggests why risk for sudden infant death syndrome is greater in babies of mothers who smoke
Date:11/9/2010

New Rochelle, NY, November 9, 2010The link between maternal cigarette smoking during pregnancy and Sudden Infant Death Syndrome (SIDS) may relate to the negative effects of nicotine on the development of brain centers that regulate breathing, according to an article in the recent issue of Pediatric Allergy, Immunology, and Pulmonology, a peer-reviewed journal published by Mary Ann Liebert, Inc. (www.liebertpub.com). The article is available free online at www.liebertpub.com/ped

SIDS is the leading cause of death during the first year of an infant's life. The link between maternal smoking and SIDS is clear. Prenatal exposure to cigarette smoke puts infants at a 2- to 5-fold increased risk of SIDS and contributes to premature birth, another risk factor for SIDS. How exposure to the chemicals in cigarette smoke in utero increases the risk of SIDS has not been determined.

In the article entitled, "The Effect of In Utero Cigarette Smoke Exposure on Development of Respiratory Control: A Review" Hemant Sawnani, Erik Olsen, and Narong Simakajornboon, from Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center (Ohio), summarize the evidence from both human and animal studies demonstrating that nicotine (in cigarette smoke) interferes with the development of the parts of the brain that control breathing. Nicotine exposure in utero leads to altered breathing patterns and ventilatory responses that compromise respiratory arousal and auto-resuscitation. Infants of mothers who smoked during pregnancy have more pauses in breathing (infant apnea) and have decreased ability to wake up from sleep in response to low oxygen. This sheds important light on why smoking during pregnancy increases risk for Sudden Infant Death Syndrome (SIDS, crib death).

"These findings highlight the importance of public health policies to prevent the development of tobacco dependence in adolescent girls and the importance of treatment of maternal tobacco dependence prior to pregnancy. Perhaps when young women are freed from the chains of tobacco addiction we can then truly say that 'you have come a long way for your baby,'" says Harold Farber, MD, MSPH, Editor of Pediatric Allergy, Immunology, and Pulmonology, and Associate Professor of Pediatrics, Section of Pulmonology, Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, TX.


'/>"/>

Contact: Vicki Cohn
vcohn@liebertpub.com
914-740-2156
Mary Ann Liebert, Inc./Genetic Engineering News
Source:Eurekalert

Related biology news :

1. New report underlines the threat to universal access to HIV prevention, treatment and care due to a slow-down in treatment scale-up and waning political will
2. Aware, Inc. Reports Third Quarter 2010 Financial Results
3. DGAC report offers food and nutrition practitioners insights on helping combat obesity epidemic
4. Harm reduction cigarettes can be more harmful than conventional brands, researchers report
5. TEEB report puts worlds natural assets on the global political radar
6. Japanese researchers report on liver transplantation studies using animal and iPS cells
7. Reportlinker Adds Global Biometrics Industry
8. Researchers report advances vs. preeclampsia, including potential prediction
9. Smithsonian reports regional sea temperature rise and coral bleaching event in Western Caribbean
10. Novocure reports data showing TTF therapy in combination with chemotherapy has the potential to increase overall survival for patients with advanced non-small cell lung cancer
11. IBIA Statement Regarding the Release of the National Research Council Report - Biometric Recognition: Challenges and Opportunities
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:8/23/2017)... 2017  The general public,s help is being enlisted in what,s thought ... in and on the human body –and are believed to affect health.  ... The Microbiome Immunity Project is the ... with the gut. The project's goal is to help advance scientific knowledge ... ...
(Date:6/23/2017)... and ITHACA, N.Y. , June ... Cornell University, a leader in dairy research, today announced ... designed to help reduce the chances that the global ... onset of this dairy project, Cornell University has become ... Sequencing the Food Supply Chain, a food safety initiative ...
(Date:5/16/2017)... DALLAS , May 16, 2017   ... for health organizations, and MD EMR Systems ... certified development partner for GE, have established a ... Patient Portal product and the GE Centricity™ products, ... Centricity EMR. These new integrations ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):
(Date:10/12/2017)... ... October 12, 2017 , ... The ... three Winners and six Finalists of the 2017 Blavatnik Regional Awards for Young ... Family Foundation and administered by the New York Academy of Sciences to honor ...
(Date:10/12/2017)... ... October 12, 2017 , ... ... genomics analysis platform specifically designed for life science researchers to analyze and ... researcher Rosalind Franklin, who made a major contribution to the discovery of ...
(Date:10/11/2017)... ... October 11, 2017 , ... ... will be hosting a Webinar titled, “Pathology is going digital. Is your lab ... digital pathology adoption best practices and how Proscia improves lab economics and realizes ...
(Date:10/11/2017)... ... October 11, 2017 , ... ... granted orphan drug designation to SBT-100, its novel anti-STAT3 (Signal Transducer and Activator ... osteosarcoma. SBT-100 is able to cross the cell membrane and bind intracellular STAT3 ...
Breaking Biology Technology: