Navigation Links
New, cost-cutting approach to formulating pest-killing fungi
Date:1/24/2013

This press release is available in Spanish.

Biopesticides containing beneficial fungi are often grown on grains or other solids, but U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) scientists have shown a liquid diet can work better.

The approach, dubbed "liquid culture fermentation," offers several benefits, including lower material costs and increased yields of certain forms of insect-killing fungi, including Isaria or Metarhizium, which can serve as biobased alternatives to synthetic pesticides.

For decades, biopesticide makers have grown such fungi on moistened grains or other solid materials to prompt them to churn out billions of specialized cells called "conidia," which penetrate the bodies of silverleaf whiteflies, aphids and other soft-bodied insect pests, killing the pests within a few days.

Over the past several years, however, scientists with USDA's Agricultural Research Service (ARS) have sought to improve on the practice by initiating liquid culture fermentation processes in special tanks called bioreactors. ARS is USDA's chief intramural scientific research agency.

According to Mark Jackson, a microbiologist with the ARS Crop Bioprotection Research Unit in Peoria, Ill., using liquid culture fermentation has significantly reduced production costs, especially those associated with nitrogen as a primary fungal nutrient. One nitrogen source, called hydrolyzed protein, is typically derived from agricultural commodities like milk casein, which can sell for more than $6 a pound. Liquid culture fermentation's use of less expensive nitrogen sources, including soybean flour or cottonseed meal, reduces the cost to 30 to 50 cents a pound.

Conidia have long been the spores of choice for biopesticide uses. But the researchers showed that other fungal cells can be just as effective, including "blastospores" and "microsclerotia." The latter are clumps of pigmented fibers from which conidia can form. In laboratory tests, for example, conidia resulting from soil treatments of microsclerotia from the fungus M. brunneum killed 100 percent of sugarbeet root maggots, versus 25 percent killed for conidia-only treatments.

The flexibility of liquid culture fermentation to produce different types of fungal cells opens all sorts of doors in terms of where and when the pest-fighting microbes can be applied, according to Jackson.


'/>"/>

Contact: Jan Suszkiw
jan.suszkiw@ars.usda.gov
301-504-1630
United States Department of Agriculture - Research, Education and Economics
Source:Eurekalert

Related biology news :

1. Novel approach to track migration of arctic-breeding avian species
2. Choline supplementation during pregnancy presents a new approach to schizophrenia prevention
3. Stem-cell approach shows promise for Duchenne muscular dystrophy
4. Alzheimers disease: Cutting off immune response promises new approach to therapy
5. Better approach to treating deadly melanoma identified by scientists
6. Potential gene therapy approach to sickle cell disease highlighted at ASH
7. Combining two genome analysis approaches supports immune system contribution to autism
8. Alzheimers disease in mice alleviated promising therapeutic approach for humans
9. A multidisciplinary approach and a new field help to understand cell behavior
10. Sweet new approach discovered to help produce metal casting parts, reduce toxicity
11. Traditional fisheries management approach jeopardizes marine ecosystems worldwide
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:3/31/2016)... , March 31, 2016  Genomics firm Nabsys ... founding CEO, Barrett Bready , M.D., who returned ... of the original technical leadership team, including Chief Technology ... of Product Development, Steve Nurnberg and Vice President of ... to the company. Dr. Bready served as ...
(Date:3/23/2016)... WAKEFIELD, Massachusetts , March 23, 2016 ... kombiniert im Interesse erhöhter Sicherheit Gesichts- und ... Xura, Inc. (NASDAQ: MESG ... heute bekannt, dass das Unternehmen mit SpeechPro ... insbesondere aus der Finanzdienstleistungsbranche, wird die Möglichkeit ...
(Date:3/22/2016)... OTTAWA, Ontario , PROVO ... 2016 Newborn Screening Ontario (NSO), which operates ... for molecular testing, and Tute Genomics and ... process management technology respectively, today announced the launch of ... new next-generation sequencing (NGS) testing panel. ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):
(Date:6/24/2016)... , ... June 24, 2016 , ... Researchers at the ... commonly-identified miRNAs in people with peritoneal or pleural mesothelioma. Their findings are the subject ... it now. , Diagnostic biomarkers are signposts in the blood, lung fluid or ...
(Date:6/23/2016)... , June 23, 2016 A person commits ... the crime scene to track the criminal down. ... U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) uses DNA evidence to ... Sound far-fetched? It,s not. The FDA has ... to support investigations of foodborne illnesses. Put as simply as ...
(Date:6/23/2016)... FRANCISCO , June 23, 2016   EpiBiome ... has secured $1 million in debt financing from Silicon ... ramp up automation and to advance its drug development ... its new facility. "SVB has been an ... beyond the services a traditional bank would provide," said ...
(Date:6/23/2016)... June 23, 2016  Blueprint Bio, a company dedicated ... the medical community, has closed its Series A funding ... . "We have received a commitment from ... we need to meet our current goals," stated ... the runway to complete validation on the current projects ...
Breaking Biology Technology: