Navigation Links
New, cost-cutting approach to formulating pest-killing fungi
Date:1/24/2013

This press release is available in Spanish.

Biopesticides containing beneficial fungi are often grown on grains or other solids, but U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) scientists have shown a liquid diet can work better.

The approach, dubbed "liquid culture fermentation," offers several benefits, including lower material costs and increased yields of certain forms of insect-killing fungi, including Isaria or Metarhizium, which can serve as biobased alternatives to synthetic pesticides.

For decades, biopesticide makers have grown such fungi on moistened grains or other solid materials to prompt them to churn out billions of specialized cells called "conidia," which penetrate the bodies of silverleaf whiteflies, aphids and other soft-bodied insect pests, killing the pests within a few days.

Over the past several years, however, scientists with USDA's Agricultural Research Service (ARS) have sought to improve on the practice by initiating liquid culture fermentation processes in special tanks called bioreactors. ARS is USDA's chief intramural scientific research agency.

According to Mark Jackson, a microbiologist with the ARS Crop Bioprotection Research Unit in Peoria, Ill., using liquid culture fermentation has significantly reduced production costs, especially those associated with nitrogen as a primary fungal nutrient. One nitrogen source, called hydrolyzed protein, is typically derived from agricultural commodities like milk casein, which can sell for more than $6 a pound. Liquid culture fermentation's use of less expensive nitrogen sources, including soybean flour or cottonseed meal, reduces the cost to 30 to 50 cents a pound.

Conidia have long been the spores of choice for biopesticide uses. But the researchers showed that other fungal cells can be just as effective, including "blastospores" and "microsclerotia." The latter are clumps of pigmented fibers from which conidia can form. In laboratory tests, for example, conidia resulting from soil treatments of microsclerotia from the fungus M. brunneum killed 100 percent of sugarbeet root maggots, versus 25 percent killed for conidia-only treatments.

The flexibility of liquid culture fermentation to produce different types of fungal cells opens all sorts of doors in terms of where and when the pest-fighting microbes can be applied, according to Jackson.


'/>"/>

Contact: Jan Suszkiw
jan.suszkiw@ars.usda.gov
301-504-1630
United States Department of Agriculture - Research, Education and Economics
Source:Eurekalert

Related biology news :

1. Novel approach to track migration of arctic-breeding avian species
2. Choline supplementation during pregnancy presents a new approach to schizophrenia prevention
3. Stem-cell approach shows promise for Duchenne muscular dystrophy
4. Alzheimers disease: Cutting off immune response promises new approach to therapy
5. Better approach to treating deadly melanoma identified by scientists
6. Potential gene therapy approach to sickle cell disease highlighted at ASH
7. Combining two genome analysis approaches supports immune system contribution to autism
8. Alzheimers disease in mice alleviated promising therapeutic approach for humans
9. A multidisciplinary approach and a new field help to understand cell behavior
10. Sweet new approach discovered to help produce metal casting parts, reduce toxicity
11. Traditional fisheries management approach jeopardizes marine ecosystems worldwide
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:5/12/2016)... WearablesResearch.com , a brand of Troubadour Research & ... Q1 wave of its quarterly wearables survey. A particular ... a program where they would receive discounts for sharing ... "We were surprised to see that so many ... CEO of Troubadour Research, "primarily because there are segments ...
(Date:4/26/2016)... and LONDON , April ... part of EdgeVerve Systems, a product subsidiary of ... today announced a partnership to integrate the Onegini ...      (Logo: http://photos.prnewswire.com/prnh/20151104/283829LOGO ) ... their customers enhanced security to access and transact ...
(Date:4/14/2016)... 2016 BioCatch ™, the ... announced the appointment of Eyal Goldwerger as ... Goldwerger,s leadership appointment comes at a time of ... deployment of its platform at several of the world,s ... discerns unique cognitive and physiological factors, is a winner ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):
(Date:6/23/2016)... 23, 2016 Apellis Pharmaceuticals, Inc. today ... trials of its complement C3 inhibitor, APL-2. The ... ascending dose studies designed to assess the safety, ... injection in healthy adult volunteers. Forty ... a single dose (ranging from 45 to 1,440mg) ...
(Date:6/23/2016)... NEW YORK , June 23, 2016 ... the trading session at 4,833.32, down 0.22%; the Dow Jones ... the S&P 500 closed at 2,085.45, down 0.17%. Stock-Callers.com has ... INFI ), Nektar Therapeutics (NASDAQ: NKTR ... BIND Therapeutics Inc. (NASDAQ: BIND ). Learn more ...
(Date:6/23/2016)... ... June 23, 2016 , ... Velocity Products, ... tools designed, tuned and optimized exclusively for Okuma CNC machining centers at The ... of a collaboration among several companies with expertise in toolholding, cutting tools, machining ...
(Date:6/22/2016)... , June 22, 2016 Cell ... will allow them to produce up to one ... one lot within one week. These high-quality, consistent ... laboriously preparing cells and spend more time doing ... through a proprietary, high-volume manufacturing process that produces ...
Breaking Biology Technology: