Navigation Links
Mid-ocean creatures control light to avoid becoming snacks
Date:11/10/2011

DURHAM, NC -- If you're a snack-sized squid or octopus living in the ocean zone where the last bit of daylight gives way, having some control over your reflection could be a matter of life and death.

Most predators cruising 600 to 1,000 meters below the surface spot the silhouette of their prey against the light background above them. But others use searchlights mounted on their heads.

Being transparent and a little bit reflective is a good defense against the silhouette-spotters, but it would be deadly against the "headlight fish," says Duke postdoctoral researcher Sarah Zylinski.

Transparency is the default state of both Japetella heathi, a bulbous, short-armed, 3-inch octopus, and Onychoteuthis banksii, a 5-inch squid found at these depths. Viewed from below against the light background, these animals are as invisible as they can be. Their eyes and guts, which are impossible to make clear, are instead reflective. But when hit with a flash of bluish light like that produced by headlight fish, they turn on skin pigments, called chromatophores, to become red in the blink of an eye.

During ship-board experiments over the Peru-Chile trench in 2010, Zylinski shined blue-filtered LED light on specimens of both creatures to watch them rapidly go from clear to opaque. When the light was removed, they immediately reverted to transparent. On a second research cruise in 2011 in the Sea of Cortez, Zylinski measured the reflectivity of the octopuses and found they reflected twice as much light in their transparent state as in the opaque state.

Zylinski experimented with 15 to 20 different species of cephalopod pulled up from the deep by the research ships, but only these two responded to the blue light. "I went through several things I thought would stimulate behaviors," she says. Shallow-water cephalopods (squid, ocotopi and cuttlefish) will change their body patterns for a shadow or shape passing overhead, but these de
'/>"/>

Contact: Karl Leif Bates
karl.bates@duke.edu
919-681-8054
Duke University
Source:Eurekalert  

Page: 1 2

Related biology news :

1. Researchers discover source of essential nutrients for mid-ocean algae
2. Snakes, salamanders and other creatures thrive in areas with higher deer populations
3. Sea creatures sex protein provides new insight into diabetes
4. Marine scientists return with rare creatures from the deep
5. Coastal creatures may have reduced ability to fight off infections in acidified oceans
6. Peacekeeping creatures help maintain woodland diversity
7. Run-off, emissions deliver double whammy to coastal marine creatures, UGA study finds
8. Hidden infections crucial to understanding, controlling disease outbreaks
9. bioMETRX, Inc. Signs Deal To Acquire Controlling Interest in Biometric Solutions, LLC
10. Can genetic information be controlled by light?
11. Genes that control cell death fingered in age-related hearing loss
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
Related Image:
Mid-ocean creatures control light to avoid becoming snacks
(Date:2/11/2015)... DALLAS , February 11, 2015 /PRNewswire/ ... market research report "Access Control Market by Product ... (Commercial, Residential, Military and Defense, Government, Industrial, Healthcare, ... , published by MarketsandMarkets, the Access Control ... by 2020, growing at a CAGR of ...
(Date:2/5/2015)... Epic Sciences , a precision diagnostics company dedicated to improving ... , Ph.D., president and CEO, is scheduled to present at ... Valley, which is taking place at the Computer History Museum ... 26-28, 2015. Dr. Prahalad will give a ... Epic Sciences was a finalist in the PMWC,s Most Promising ...
(Date:2/5/2015)... , Jan. 28, 2015 Research and Markets ... addition of the "Global Biometrics Market (2014-2020): ... and Countries " report to their offering. ... Asia-Pacific is anticipated to overtake ... owing to increasing government spending towards IT security, ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):Access Control Market Worth $10.4 Billion by 2020 2Access Control Market Worth $10.4 Billion by 2020 3Access Control Market Worth $10.4 Billion by 2020 4Epic Sciences to Present at Personalized Medicine World Conference 2015 on the Use of Circulating Tumor Cells as Cancer Biomarkers 2Global Biometrics Market (2014-2020): Market Forecast By Technologies, Applications, End Use, Regions and Countries 2Global Biometrics Market (2014-2020): Market Forecast By Technologies, Applications, End Use, Regions and Countries 3
... the only ones making exciting scientific discoveries these days. ... of scientists who are reporting the first glimpse of ... helps activate certain antibiotics and anti-cancer agents so that ... ACS, weekly journal Biochemistry . The student co-authors ...
... College Park, MD (July 27, 2010) -- Kites have a ... and his study of electricity -- including being used to ... sensors, because they were exposed to direct sunlight, were prone ... the University of Reading in the United Kingdom have developed ...
... MN Current research suggests that taking morphine can ... related report by Koodie et al, "Morphine suppresses tumor ... 2010 issue of the American Journal of Pathology ... analgesics used to relieve severe pain and suffering. ...
Cached Biology News:
(Date:2/26/2015)... 2015   Regulus Therapeutics Inc . (NASDAQ: ... and development of innovative medicines targeting microRNAs, today announced ... Chief Executive Officer of Regulus, will present a company ... Annual Healthcare Conference on Wednesday, March 4, 2015 at ... the Boston Marriott Copley Place.  The ...
(Date:2/26/2015)... LAUDERDALE, Fla. , Feb. 26, 2015 ... discussed growth priorities driven by key research advancements and ... segments at today,s Bank of America Merrill Lynch 2015 ... met the challenge of building grain supplies the last ... to continue at the pace of the last decade, ...
(Date:2/26/2015)... Woodbridge, NJ (PRWEB) February 26, 2015 ... and its affiliated companies, Wilentz, Goldman & ... in a trade secrets lawsuit against Genewiz Inc. in ... illegally obtained and utilized GenScript’s trade secrets, and that ... The court entered an order denying motions for ...
(Date:2/26/2015)... , Feb. 26, 2015 The healthcare landscape is ... arena, Frost & Sullivan will host its 20 th ... MindXchange , March 8 to 10, at the Hilton San ... This event is a platform for ... to discuss industry disruptions and how to succeed in an ...
Breaking Biology Technology:Regulus to Present at Cowen and Company 35th Annual Healthcare Conference 2Regulus to Present at Cowen and Company 35th Annual Healthcare Conference 3DuPont Leader Outlines Path for Growth in Agriculture and Nutrition & Health Segments 2DuPont Leader Outlines Path for Growth in Agriculture and Nutrition & Health Segments 3DuPont Leader Outlines Path for Growth in Agriculture and Nutrition & Health Segments 4DuPont Leader Outlines Path for Growth in Agriculture and Nutrition & Health Segments 5Wilentz Client GenScript Awarded $10 Million in Trade Secrets Case Against Genewiz 2Wilentz Client GenScript Awarded $10 Million in Trade Secrets Case Against Genewiz 3Embrace the Future of Medical Technologies with Frost & Sullivan 2Embrace the Future of Medical Technologies with Frost & Sullivan 3
... Calif., Feb. 27 Telik, Inc.,(Nasdaq: TELK ) ... per share,for the fourth quarter ended December 31, 2007, ... per share, for the comparable period in 2006., ... costs and,expenses were $13.5 million, compared with $19.5 million ...
... ZARS Pharma, Inc. announced,today that Rapydan(R) ... now received marketing authorization in Sweden, the ... Czech Republic, Greece, Ireland,Norway and Portugal following ... ZARS Pharma has licensed the European sales ...
... Fla., Feb. 27 Imaging,Diagnostic Systems, Inc., ... laser,optical breast imaging systems, will exhibit CT ... National Interdisciplinary Breast Cancer,Conference, March 1-5, in ... at booth,#43., (Logo: http://www.newscom.com/cgi-bin/prnh/20040412/IMDSLOGO ...
Cached Biology Technology:Telik Announces Fourth Quarter and 2007 Year End Financial Results and 2008 Guidance 2Telik Announces Fourth Quarter and 2007 Year End Financial Results and 2008 Guidance 3Telik Announces Fourth Quarter and 2007 Year End Financial Results and 2008 Guidance 4ZARS Pharma Announces Marketing Authorization of Rapydan(R) in Europe 2ZARS Pharma Announces Marketing Authorization of Rapydan(R) in Europe 3CT Laser Mammography Technology to be Featured at Interdisciplinary Breast Cancer Conference 2
...
The Captivate Disposable Sample Chamber is designed for use with the Captivate magnetic yoke assembly (C-24700) and can be used with our Captivate ferrofluid conjugates (C-21473 C-21474 C-21476) or ...
MOUSE ANTI HUMAN MOC31:AZIDE FREE...
... The mycobacteria in ... cells to the injection site which enhances ... Freund's Adjuvant is used for the initial ... the subsequent boosts. Antigens (preferably in saline) ...
Biology Products: