Navigation Links
Male crickets with bigger heads are better fighters, study reveals, echoing ancient Chinese text
Date:1/7/2009

Observing and betting on cricket fights has been part of Chinese cultural tradition since at least the Sung Dynasty (A.D. 960-1278). This ancient practice has resulted in quite a detailed list of characteristics that Chinese practitioners think make for champion fighters. "Because money was involved, there was a strong incentive for the practitioners of this sport to observe their cricket fighters closely," says Kevin Judge, a biology postdoctoral researcher at University of Toronto Mississauga.

Interestingly, an 800-year-old Chinese text mentions that the best cricket fighters have the largest heads. In nature, male field crickets fight one another over territories and access to potential mates by using their pointed and pincer-like mouthparts as weapons. In a study published in the Dec. 24 issue of the online, open-access, peer-reviewed journal PLoS ONE, Judge and co-author Vanessa Bonanno show that, indeed, males with larger heads and mouthparts are more successful in fights with smaller-headed rivals. They also show that male field crickets have larger heads and mouthparts than females, which, "makes sense given that female crickets don't fight over mates," says Judge.

Field crickets, a diverse group of insects distributed around the globe, have been important subjects for researchers interested in studying the evolution of animal aggression and the settlement of contests between individuals. For all that study, the influence of heads and mouthparts as weaponry has been largely overlooked in field crickets, unlike their close allies, the New Zealand weta, says Judge.

The study by Judge and Bonanno, "tested theories of contest settlement and sexual selection, and how body shape has evolved to help males in competition with other males," says Judge.

The researchers conducted two experiments to test the hypothesis that relatively larger weaponry conveys an advantage to males in aggressive contests. Pairs of males were selected for differences in head size and consequently were different in the size of maxillae and mandibles. In the first experiment, males were closely matched for body size (pronotum length), and in the second, they were matched for body mass. Males with proportionately larger weaponry won more fights and increasing differences in weaponry size between males increased the fighting success of the male with the larger weaponry.

By examining weaponry, this NSERC-funded study provides a new avenue by which researchers can understand aggression in field crickets.


'/>"/>

Contact: Kevin Judge
kevin.judge@utoronto.ca
905-828-5267
Public Library of Science
Source:Eurekalert

Related biology news :

1. In the animal world, bigger isnt necessarily better
2. Plants grow bigger and more vigorously through changes in their internal clocks
3. Largest ever study of genetics of common disease just got bigger
4. Insects take a bigger bite out of plants in a higher CO2 world
5. Seismic images show dinosaur-killing meteor made bigger splash
6. Economists: Reduce fish catch now for bigger net profits later
7. CT scans reveal that dinosaurs were airheads
8. United we stand: When cooperation butts heads with competition
9. Soybean database will help breeders engineer better-performing plants
10. Diverse landscapes are better: Policymakers urged to think broadly about biofuel crops
11. Diverse landscapes are better: Policymakers urged to think broadly about biofuel crops
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:2/8/2017)... -- Report Highlights The global biosurgery market ... in 2016 at a compound annual growth rate (CAGR) ... - An overview of the global market for biosurgery. ... 2015 and 2016, and projections of compound annual growth ... on the basis of product type, source, application, and ...
(Date:2/7/2017)... Zimmer Biomet Holdings, Inc. (NYSE and SIX: ... at the LEERINK Partners 6th Annual Global Healthcare Conference ... February 15, 2017 at 10 a.m. Eastern Time. ... be accessed at http://wsw.com/webcast/leerink28/zbh .  The webcast will ... Biomet,s Investor Relations website at http://investor.zimmerbiomet.com . ...
(Date:2/6/2017)... Feb. 6, 2017 According to Acuity ... driving border authorities to continue to embrace biometric ... are 2143 Automated Border Control (ABC) eGates and ... at more than 163 ports of entry across ... 2016 achieving a combined CAGR of 37%. APC ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):
(Date:2/24/2017)... ... 2017 , ... Delpor, Inc. (Delpor), a biotechnology company focused on drug delivery, ... Health (NIMH) for the further advancement of the company’s 3-month olanzapine product ( DLP-119 ... to deliver therapeutic levels of olanzapine for a period of 3 months., “We are ...
(Date:2/24/2017)... , Feb. 24, 2017 Symic Bio, a ... a new category of therapeutics, announced today the completion ... in peripheral artery disease. The trial will evaluate the ... therapeutic, in the reduction of restenosis following angioplasty. ... development milestone for SB-030," said Nathan Bachtell , ...
(Date:2/24/2017)... 23, 2017 China Biologic Products, Inc. (NASDAQ: CBPO) ... biopharmaceutical company in China, today announced its financial results for ... Fourth Quarter 2016 Financial Highlights ... 21.7% in RMB terms, or increased by 13.6% in USD ... quarter of 2015. Gross profit increased by ...
(Date:2/23/2017)... 23, 2017 ... per share data, unaudited)Three Months Ended December 31,Twelve Months ... $         ...   89026%Aldurazyme Net Product Revenue ... Net Product Revenue  756025%297303(2)%Vimizim Net ...
Breaking Biology Technology: