Navigation Links
Maize cell wall genes identified, giving boost to biofuel research
Date:11/19/2009

WEST LAFAYETTE, Ind. - Purdue University scientists have helped identify and group the genes thought to be responsible for cell wall development in maize, an effort that expands their ability to discover ways to produce the biomass best suited for biofuels production.

The Purdue scientists, led by Nicholas Carpita, a professor of plant cell biology, published their findings on the 750 cell wall genes in the journal Plant Physiology on Thursday (Nov. 19). They also were co-authors on a study, published Thursday (Nov. 19) in Science, that for the first time sequenced the genome of maize.

In discovering the some 32,000 genes of maize, scientists can better study the function of individual genes and how each affects all aspects of the plant's development. Purdue's scientists are particularly interested in the genes that regulate cellulose, lignin and other parts of plant's cell walls.

"This gives us an inventory of the genes that could become possible targets for modification in the production of biomass," Carpita said. "We want to be able to control the structure of the cell walls."

Carpita and Maureen McCann, a professor of biology and a co-author on both papers, are part of Purdue's C3Bio research project, which is aimed at using thermal and chemical catalysts to create biofuels that utilize more of a plant's carbon. The team hopes to engineer catalysts or catalytic sites into plants and use heat or chemical catalysts to directly convert the biomass into fuel.

"The grasses, including maize, make a unique kind of cell wall," Carpita said. "Beyond the cell wall genes, having a complete genome will enable us to identify developmental controls, such as genes that delay flowering to continue production of biomass, or alter pathways so that plants accumulate more sugar in the stem."

The annotation of the maize cell wall genes also led to the discovery of more than 80 mutants involved in cell wall prod
'/>"/>

Contact: Brian Wallheimer
bwallhei@purdue.edu
765-496-2050
Purdue University
Source:Eurekalert

Page: 1 2

Related biology news :

1. New map of variation in maize genetics holds promise for developing new varieties
2. The amazing maze of maize evolution
3. Researchers find the earliest evidence of domesticated maize
4. Early origins of maize in Mexico
5. Ancient Mexican maize varieties
6. Team finds an economical way to boost the vitamin A content of maize
7. If corn is biofuels king, tropical maize may be emperor
8. Simulating kernel production influences maize model accuracy
9. Transgenic maize is more susceptible to aphids
10. First all-African GM crop is resistant to maize streak virus
11. Largest gene study of childhood IBD identifies 5 new genes
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:12/11/2014)... , Dec. 10, 2014  That blood pressure plays a ... while. Hypertension – the medical term for high blood pressure ... 1800s, and the inflatable cuff that,s used in measuring blood ... mean there,s nothing new about hypertension, its triggers and its ...
(Date:12/10/2014)... 2014 You,ve been here before: you desperately need to sign ... key or the answer to your secret question. What,s your dog,s ... Hoyos Labs , a digital infrastructure security company, launches ... frustration that comes with usernames, passwords and PINs – 1U ...
(Date:12/10/2014)... WINSTON-SALEM, N.C. , Dec. 9, 2014  Wake Forest Baptist ... building for its School of Medicine. Funding for this $50 ... that will be publicly launched next summer. ... 60 series R.J. Reynolds Tobacco Company complex, adjacent to 525@vine ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):Research points to need for new approaches to treatment of high blood pressure 2Research points to need for new approaches to treatment of high blood pressure 3Research points to need for new approaches to treatment of high blood pressure 4The Password is Finally Dead: Launch of 1U Mobile App Eliminates Need for All Usernames and Passwords 2The Password is Finally Dead: Launch of 1U Mobile App Eliminates Need for All Usernames and Passwords 3Wake Forest Baptist to Build New Medical Education Facility In Wake Forest Innovation Quarter 2Wake Forest Baptist to Build New Medical Education Facility In Wake Forest Innovation Quarter 3Wake Forest Baptist to Build New Medical Education Facility In Wake Forest Innovation Quarter 4
... field of schizophrenia research has come alive with many ... introduction of chlorpromazine to the current day, all treatments ... had, at their core, a single treatment mechanism, the ... of clozapine in the 1980s suggested a potential that ...
... Loss of a small portion of chromosome 16, known ... from the University of Chicago Medical Center, the University ... Institute in an article, published Dec. 21, 2007, online ... this genetic "microdeletion" occurred in only four out of ...
... Dr. McWhorter Joins Olive, Edwards & Cooper with Technical, Products ... ... Edwards & Cooper,announced the addition of Dr. David McWhorter as a ... expand into the,homeland security marketplace. His immediate focus will be ensuring ...
Cached Biology News:New treatment mechanisms for schizophrenia 2New treatment mechanisms for schizophrenia 3Recurrent genetic deletion linked to autism 2Chemist Brings SAFETY Act Expertise to Homeland Security Firm 2
(Date:1/23/2015)... 2015 Biofertilizers stimulate microbial activities in ... and phosphorous through the activities in the soil or ... due to the stress on reducing environmental pollution and ... report defines and segments the bio fertilizers market with ...
(Date:1/22/2015)... Md. (PRWEB) January 22, 2015 ... its new UV-1280 multipurpose UV-visible spectrophotometer. Offering wavelength ... high-quality instrument is ideal for applications in a ... life science. , The user-friendly UV-1280 enables intuitive ...
(Date:1/22/2015)... (PRWEB) January 21, 2015 Cambridge Semantics, the ... technology, today announced that 2014 was a record-breaking year across ... capabilities of the Anzo Smart Data Platform and our Smart ... utilize insights from diverse data which led to record growth ...
(Date:1/22/2015)... 22, 2015 Pipette.com has added the ... their comprehensive portfolio of Eppendorf products. , The Eppendorf ... a Centrifuge 5424/5424 R and receive the following:, ... Research plus or Eppendorf Reference 2 , ...
Breaking Biology Technology:Biofertilizers Market Expected to Reach $1,649.7 Million by 2019 - New Report By MarketsandMarkets 2Biofertilizers Market Expected to Reach $1,649.7 Million by 2019 - New Report By MarketsandMarkets 3Biofertilizers Market Expected to Reach $1,649.7 Million by 2019 - New Report By MarketsandMarkets 4Shimadzu’s New Monitored Single-Beam UV-Vis Spectrophotometer Offers Comprehensive Measurement Options in a Compact Body 2Cambridge Semantics Announces Record Results for 2014 2Eppendorf Announces Promotional Bundle Which Includes: Eppendorf Centrifuge 5424, 3-Pack of Pipettes, and Tips - Available Now at Pipette.com 2
... WASHINGTON, Oct. 1 Today a promising young,scholar ... Mexico, accepted,the Manuel Velasco-Suarez Award in Bioethics for ... field of bioethics in Latin America during,the 27th ... Naftolin, a trustee of the Pan American Health ...
... Quarter 2007 Earnings Conference Call Thursday, November 8, 2007, ... 5:00 p.m. U.S. EST, FRAZER, Pa., Oct. 1 ... for 5:00 p.m. EST on Thursday, November 8, 2007. ... November 8, 2007 Schedule, 4:30 p.m. EST Q3 2007 results ...
... Oct. 1 A highly sensitive, easy-to-use,test that ... as the Best New Veterinary Product for Diagnostics ... time PCR test was selected for its,excellence and ... the global community of animal sciences practitioners and,professionals. ...
Cached Biology Technology:Prestigious Bioethics Award for Scholar from Mexico 2BoVir(R) Named Best New Veterinary Diagnostics Product in International Animal Pharm Awards 2BoVir(R) Named Best New Veterinary Diagnostics Product in International Animal Pharm Awards 3
... Purification Plates are designed for quick and ... 96-well plates feature two 0.25mm holes laser ... well. The wells remain liquid-tight during incubation ... which time the protein diffuses from the ...
... western blots ,• Optically clear plastic construction ... western blots. The reduced size (60 x ... tray requires less dye and antibodies resulting ... user. Pour spouts in each corner facilitate ...
... many sophisticated DNA analysis and protein analysis tasks, ... another sequence analysis product. Imagine having the ability ... be performed each time you have a new ... specify exactly how your output will look for ...
These stopping screens are for the biolistic PDS-1000 He and Hepta systems. Supplied as 500 screens....
Biology Products: