Navigation Links
Maize cell wall genes identified, giving boost to biofuel research
Date:11/19/2009

WEST LAFAYETTE, Ind. - Purdue University scientists have helped identify and group the genes thought to be responsible for cell wall development in maize, an effort that expands their ability to discover ways to produce the biomass best suited for biofuels production.

The Purdue scientists, led by Nicholas Carpita, a professor of plant cell biology, published their findings on the 750 cell wall genes in the journal Plant Physiology on Thursday (Nov. 19). They also were co-authors on a study, published Thursday (Nov. 19) in Science, that for the first time sequenced the genome of maize.

In discovering the some 32,000 genes of maize, scientists can better study the function of individual genes and how each affects all aspects of the plant's development. Purdue's scientists are particularly interested in the genes that regulate cellulose, lignin and other parts of plant's cell walls.

"This gives us an inventory of the genes that could become possible targets for modification in the production of biomass," Carpita said. "We want to be able to control the structure of the cell walls."

Carpita and Maureen McCann, a professor of biology and a co-author on both papers, are part of Purdue's C3Bio research project, which is aimed at using thermal and chemical catalysts to create biofuels that utilize more of a plant's carbon. The team hopes to engineer catalysts or catalytic sites into plants and use heat or chemical catalysts to directly convert the biomass into fuel.

"The grasses, including maize, make a unique kind of cell wall," Carpita said. "Beyond the cell wall genes, having a complete genome will enable us to identify developmental controls, such as genes that delay flowering to continue production of biomass, or alter pathways so that plants accumulate more sugar in the stem."

The annotation of the maize cell wall genes also led to the discovery of more than 80 mutants involved in cell wall prod
'/>"/>

Contact: Brian Wallheimer
bwallhei@purdue.edu
765-496-2050
Purdue University
Source:Eurekalert

Page: 1 2

Related biology news :

1. New map of variation in maize genetics holds promise for developing new varieties
2. The amazing maze of maize evolution
3. Researchers find the earliest evidence of domesticated maize
4. Early origins of maize in Mexico
5. Ancient Mexican maize varieties
6. Team finds an economical way to boost the vitamin A content of maize
7. If corn is biofuels king, tropical maize may be emperor
8. Simulating kernel production influences maize model accuracy
9. Transgenic maize is more susceptible to aphids
10. First all-African GM crop is resistant to maize streak virus
11. Largest gene study of childhood IBD identifies 5 new genes
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:7/7/2015)... -- Research and Markets ( ... "Capacitive Fingerprint Sensors Patent Landscape" report ... fingerprint sensing technology is the most reliable and ... developed. This patent landscape focuses on fingerprint sensors ... of capacitive fingerprint sensors is closely linked to ...
(Date:7/7/2015)... , July 7, 2015 NXT-ID, Inc. (NASDAQ: ... on the growing mobile commerce market announces a revised version of ... week. The commercial will air on CNBC in New ... Angeles and San Francisco metro ... commercial focuses on Wocket,s ability to replace all the cards in ...
(Date:7/2/2015)... DUBLIN , June 25, 2015 ... the addition of the "Next Generation Biometrics Market ... to 2020" report to their offering. ... $24.4 Billion by 2020, at a CAGR of 17.9% ... is the leading application for the market. Safran ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):Worldwide Capacitive Fingerprint Sensors Patent Landscape Market Report 2015-2020 - Main IP Holders include Seiko Epson, AuthenTec, Sony and STMicroelectronics 2Wocket Smart Wallet Commercials Airing on CNBC to Showcase This Summer's Must- Have Tech Product 2Wocket Smart Wallet Commercials Airing on CNBC to Showcase This Summer's Must- Have Tech Product 3Next Generation Biometrics Market 2015 - Global Forecast to 2020 with Safran, NEC, 3M Cogent, Fujitsu & Suprema Dominating the $24 Billion Market 2Next Generation Biometrics Market 2015 - Global Forecast to 2020 with Safran, NEC, 3M Cogent, Fujitsu & Suprema Dominating the $24 Billion Market 3
... more intense rainstorms and more frequent heat waves are ... when climate change is mentioned. Now, two University of ... transmission in wild birds can be added to the ... used a mathematical model to explore the consequences of ...
... of beetles and only two species of the tuatara, a ... Zealand. Crocodiles and alligators, while nearly 250 million years old, ... "winners" including mammals and many species of birds and ... biology. Scientists have often posited that because ...
... marine whelk, Solenosteira macrospira . He does all the work ... few of the baby snails are his own. The surprising ... S. macrospira in a small club of ... and sibling cannibalism, and the species has one of the most ...
Cached Biology News:Climate change could increase levels of avian influenza in wild birds 2Climate change could increase levels of avian influenza in wild birds 3Why are there so many species of beetles and so few crocodiles? 2Why are there so many species of beetles and so few crocodiles? 3Male snails babysit for other dads 2Male snails babysit for other dads 3
(Date:7/30/2015)... ... July 30, 2015 , ... Tronics, a designer ... & Marketing Director. , With more than 25 years of experience in ... Tronics’ business development activities worldwide. He brings to the company his strong expertise ...
(Date:7/30/2015)... ... July 30, 2015 , ... Leading regenerative veterinary medicine ... its canine osteoarthritis stem cell product, currently under development for FDA approval. The ... be marketed in the US by Aratana. This product, termed AT-016, is an ...
(Date:7/30/2015)... across the globe, ISN improves the efficiency and effectiveness of contractor management systems. ISN,s ... reliable contractors in over 80 countries. ... ... Over 60,000 Worldwide Customers In More Than 80 Countries ... Headquartered in Dallas, TX , ISN has additional offices in Calgary ...
(Date:7/30/2015)... WARRINGTON, Pa. , July 30, 2015 /PRNewswire/ ... announced that it has received the second $1.0M ... Business Innovation Research (SBIR) grant valued at up ... the company,s aerosolized KL4 surfactant as a potential ... lung injury.  Discovery Labs was awarded an initial ...
Breaking Biology Technology:Tronics appoints Francois Vieillard as Sales and Marketing Director 2VetStem Biopharma Successfully Completes Large Milestone Efficacy Study for its Flagship Canine Osteoarthritis Stem Cell Product 2VetStem Biopharma Successfully Completes Large Milestone Efficacy Study for its Flagship Canine Osteoarthritis Stem Cell Product 3ISN Reaches Over 60,000 Worldwide Customers 2ISN Reaches Over 60,000 Worldwide Customers 3Discovery Labs Receives $1.0 million under an SBIR Grant in Continuing Support of the Development of Aerosolized KL4 Surfactant to Address Radiation-Induced Lung Injury 2Discovery Labs Receives $1.0 million under an SBIR Grant in Continuing Support of the Development of Aerosolized KL4 Surfactant to Address Radiation-Induced Lung Injury 3
... - Attendees at The 18th ... Stimulus Plan Era , The ... use of,the billions allotted for healthcare information technology transformation ... the "Stimulus,Package," according to observations shared at the 18th ...
... Finesse Solutions, LLC, Santa Clara, CA, a manufacturer ... applications, announced the technical demonstration of TruFluor(TM) pH, a ... New York on March 17, 2009.The TruFluor pH and ... disposable sheath, an optical reader, and a transmitter. The ...
... Cell Therapeutics, Inc. (CTI) (Nasdaq and MTA: CTIC) ... The NASDAQ Stock Market indicating that the NASDAQ Listing ... the Company,s common stock on The NASDAQ Capital Market, ... 6, 2009, the Company demonstrate compliance with all applicable ...
Cached Biology Technology:Experts at Healthcare Conference Support Investments in the Health of Work Culture and Care Processes, Not Just Technology 2Experts at Healthcare Conference Support Investments in the Health of Work Culture and Care Processes, Not Just Technology 3Experts at Healthcare Conference Support Investments in the Health of Work Culture and Care Processes, Not Just Technology 4Finesse Demonstrates TruFluor(TM) pH, a Single-Use Optical pH Sensor and Transmitter 2Cell Therapeutics Announces Receipt of NASDAQ Listing Update 2Cell Therapeutics Announces Receipt of NASDAQ Listing Update 3
Recombinant Viral CCI/Fc Chimera, CF...
... Guinea Pig serum is collected from fasted Guinea ... Citrate N-04: Heparin (Na) ... N-10: EDTA (Na) N-03: ... CPD N-09: K3EDTA N-11: ...
GENOMIPHI V2 DNA AMP KIT 25RXN, 1 EA. Category: Genomics DNA Amplification....
EPH electrode, anode, 1. Category: Electrophoresis Systems & Standards & Reagents, IEF & SDS-PAGE & 2-D Electrophoresis, Multiphor II Kits & Components and Accessories....
Biology Products: