Navigation Links
Maize cell wall genes identified, giving boost to biofuel research
Date:11/19/2009

WEST LAFAYETTE, Ind. - Purdue University scientists have helped identify and group the genes thought to be responsible for cell wall development in maize, an effort that expands their ability to discover ways to produce the biomass best suited for biofuels production.

The Purdue scientists, led by Nicholas Carpita, a professor of plant cell biology, published their findings on the 750 cell wall genes in the journal Plant Physiology on Thursday (Nov. 19). They also were co-authors on a study, published Thursday (Nov. 19) in Science, that for the first time sequenced the genome of maize.

In discovering the some 32,000 genes of maize, scientists can better study the function of individual genes and how each affects all aspects of the plant's development. Purdue's scientists are particularly interested in the genes that regulate cellulose, lignin and other parts of plant's cell walls.

"This gives us an inventory of the genes that could become possible targets for modification in the production of biomass," Carpita said. "We want to be able to control the structure of the cell walls."

Carpita and Maureen McCann, a professor of biology and a co-author on both papers, are part of Purdue's C3Bio research project, which is aimed at using thermal and chemical catalysts to create biofuels that utilize more of a plant's carbon. The team hopes to engineer catalysts or catalytic sites into plants and use heat or chemical catalysts to directly convert the biomass into fuel.

"The grasses, including maize, make a unique kind of cell wall," Carpita said. "Beyond the cell wall genes, having a complete genome will enable us to identify developmental controls, such as genes that delay flowering to continue production of biomass, or alter pathways so that plants accumulate more sugar in the stem."

The annotation of the maize cell wall genes also led to the discovery of more than 80 mutants involved in cell wall prod
'/>"/>

Contact: Brian Wallheimer
bwallhei@purdue.edu
765-496-2050
Purdue University
Source:Eurekalert

Page: 1 2

Related biology news :

1. New map of variation in maize genetics holds promise for developing new varieties
2. The amazing maze of maize evolution
3. Researchers find the earliest evidence of domesticated maize
4. Early origins of maize in Mexico
5. Ancient Mexican maize varieties
6. Team finds an economical way to boost the vitamin A content of maize
7. If corn is biofuels king, tropical maize may be emperor
8. Simulating kernel production influences maize model accuracy
9. Transgenic maize is more susceptible to aphids
10. First all-African GM crop is resistant to maize streak virus
11. Largest gene study of childhood IBD identifies 5 new genes
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:10/29/2014)... of kidney cancer patients in Europe sheds light on ... an apparent link between exposure to aristolochic acid and ... research, by an international team led by scientists from ... Montreal, underscores the importance of investigating possible sources of ... of the Aristolochia genus, also has been suspected of ...
(Date:10/28/2014)... German . , ... food when times are lean? By studying wild chimpanzees ... of the Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology in ... apes can acquire extra energy needed to maintain large, ... nests more en route to breakfast sites containing fruits ...
(Date:10/28/2014)... of Health (NIH) announced awards to expand the ... National Center for Advancing Translational Sciences (ORDR-NCATS) collaborative ... the network, physician scientists at 22 consortia will ... clinical research and investigate new treatments for patients ... by $29 million in fiscal 2014 funding from ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):Study sheds light on genetic architecture of kidney cancer 2Study sheds light on genetic architecture of kidney cancer 3The early chimp gets the fig 2The early chimp gets the fig 3NIH's ORDR-NCATS RDCRN & NICHD awards U54 cooperative agreement for natural history study 2NIH's ORDR-NCATS RDCRN & NICHD awards U54 cooperative agreement for natural history study 3
... IN Traditional turfgrass management programs rely heavily ... In response to increased public scrutiny and legislation, ... but research indicates that these alternatives have not ... lawn care industry. Results of a new study ...
... as the great pandemia of the XXI century. Recent data ... suffering from overweight, of which 300 million are clinically obese. ... worrying increase, with more than 155 million children and adolescents ... Biologist Aline Jelenkovic analysed to what point corporal morphology was ...
... QUEBEC, CANADA A study in HortTechnology ... reducing solar heat radiation and temperatures during the hot ... Canadian researchers, was the first investigation into the effects ... shading method. Results showed that the technology improved greenhouse ...
Cached Biology News:Turfgrass fertility, pesticide programs compared 2The amount of adipose tissue should be taken into account in the fight against obesity 2The amount of adipose tissue should be taken into account in the fight against obesity 3New technology improves greenhouse, plant microclimates 2
(Date:10/27/2014)... , Oct. 27, 2014 Janssen Biotech, ... America (CCFA) announced today the launch of ... an educational campaign designed to provide resources ... on the paired role of nutrition and appropriate ... the multimedia assets associated with this release, please ...
(Date:10/26/2014)... 2014 The report "Protective Coatings Market ... Global Trends & Forecast to 2019", defines and segments ... of volume consumed and value generated. The protective coatings ... 2014 to 6,701.3 KT by 2019, at a CAGR ... market data tables and 22 figures spread through 219 ...
(Date:10/25/2014)... 2014 BioProcess International (BPI), a ... 2014 BioProcess International Awards. The awards celebrate the ... and technology applications that will allow the industry ... global patient base. , Winners and finalists were ... very entertaining and exciting awards dinner and ceremony ...
(Date:10/25/2014)... 24, 2014 The Workgroup ... leading nonprofit authority on the use of health ... announces its appointment of four new co-chairs to ... leaders include:, ,     Peter Dumont, Senior ... Pupo, Specialist Leader, Deloitte Consulting LLP , ...
Breaking Biology Technology:Celebrity Cook Sunny Anderson Teams Up With Janssen And Crohn's & Colitis Foundation Of America To Launch Educational Campaign 2Celebrity Cook Sunny Anderson Teams Up With Janssen And Crohn's & Colitis Foundation Of America To Launch Educational Campaign 3Celebrity Cook Sunny Anderson Teams Up With Janssen And Crohn's & Colitis Foundation Of America To Launch Educational Campaign 4Protective Coatings Market Poised to Reach $18,431.8 Million by 2019 - Report by MarketsandMarkets 2Protective Coatings Market Poised to Reach $18,431.8 Million by 2019 - Report by MarketsandMarkets 3Protective Coatings Market Poised to Reach $18,431.8 Million by 2019 - Report by MarketsandMarkets 4BioProcess International Announces Winners of the 2014 BioProcess International Awards 2BioProcess International Announces Winners of the 2014 BioProcess International Awards 3BioProcess International Announces Winners of the 2014 BioProcess International Awards 4BioProcess International Announces Winners of the 2014 BioProcess International Awards 5WEDI Appoints Four New Security and Privacy Workgroup Co-chairs 2
... Calif., Feb. 17 Avantis Medical Systems, Inc., a ... announced today that it has received a new 510(k) ... the claim for increased detection of cancerous and pre-cancerous ... technology that has been cleared by the FDA to ...
... as Senior Scientist , BURLINGTON, Mass., ... expansion of its executive team with the appointment ... The company also announced the addition of Richard ... )The appointments reflect the evolution of the company,s ...
... LIMMERICK, Ireland, Feb. 16 Copan Innovation Ltd., whose ... collection and transport systems in the world, has named ... Development in the Pacific Rim, as well as appointed ... Innovation Ltd. Bob Cooper, who brings a background of ...
Cached Biology Technology:Avantis Medical Systems Announces FDA 510(k) Clearance for the Third Eye(R) Retroscope(R) for Improved Polyp Detection in the Colon 2Avantis Medical Systems Announces FDA 510(k) Clearance for the Third Eye(R) Retroscope(R) for Improved Polyp Detection in the Colon 3Avantis Medical Systems Announces FDA 510(k) Clearance for the Third Eye(R) Retroscope(R) for Improved Polyp Detection in the Colon 4CorNova(R) Expands Management Team with Appointment of Robert Gallahue as Chief Financial Officer 2Copan Announces the Appointment of Bob Cooper as Vice President of Business Development in the Pacific Rim 2
... Whatever your Ion Chromatography requirements, IonQuest ... The newly developed conductivity detector has ... drift . In addition to the ... used with other detectors, such as electrochemical, ...
... the space and time dimensions of a streak ... microscope to open new horizons in biological imaging. ... excitation, the decay of a fluorescence emission can ... measured. Subtle changes in the local environment ...
... SDS and Non-ionic Detergent Removal ... detergent , Very selective, virtually no cross-reactivity ... centrifuge and discard pellet , Economical ... chromatography , Detergents can often interfere with ...
... imaging system allows scanning of ... large as 40 x 46cm ... 25 microns. This system is ... in the proteomics field and ...
Biology Products: