Navigation Links
MIT creates new material for fuel cells
Date:5/15/2008

CAMBRIDGE, Mass.--MIT engineers have improved the power output of one type of fuel cell by more than 50 percent through technology that could help these environmentally friendly energy storage devices find a much broader market, particularly in portable electronics.

The new material key to the work is also considerably less expensive than its conventional industrial counterpart, among other advantages.

Our goal is to replace traditional fuel-cell membranes with these cost-effective, highly tunable and better-performing materials, said Paula T. Hammond, Bayer Professor of Chemical Engineering and leader of the research team. She noted that the new material also has potential for use in other electrochemical systems such as batteries.

The work was reported in a recent issue of Advanced Materials by Hammond, Avni A. Argun and J. Nathan Ashcraft. Argun is a postdoctoral associate in chemical engineering; Ashcraft is a graduate student in the same department.

Like a battery, a fuel cell has three principal parts: two electrodes (a cathode and anode) separated by an electrolyte. Chemical reactions at the electrodes produce an electronic current that can be made to flow through an appliance connected to the battery or fuel cell. The principal difference between the two" Fuel cells get their energy from an external source of hydrogen fuel, while conventional batteries draw from a finite source in a contained system.

The MIT team focused on direct methanol fuel cells (DMFCs), in which the methanol is directly used as the fuel and reforming of alcohol down to hydrogen is not required. Such a fuel cell is attractive because the only waste products are water and carbon dioxide (the latter produced in small quantities). Also, because methanol is a liquid, it is easier to store and transport than hydrogen gas, and is safer (it won't explode). Methanol also has a high energy density-a little goes a long way, making it especially in
'/>"/>

Contact: Elizabeth Thomson
thomson@mit.edu
617-258-5402
Massachusetts Institute of Technology
Source:Eurekalert

Page: 1 2 3

Related biology news :

1. Novel living system recreates predator-prey interaction
2. Using evolution, UW team creates a template for many new therapeutic agents
3. Auto immune response creates barrier to fertility; could be a step in speciation
4. MIT creates 3-D images of living cell
5. New 3-D test method for biomaterials flat out faster
6. Findings a step toward making new optical materials
7. Fast AFM probes measure multiple properties of biomolecules or materials simultaneously
8. Researchers bridge the terahertz gap with new tunable metamaterial
9. Making sure the wonder materials dont become the wonder pollutant
10. Scientists find that squid beak is both hard and soft, a material that engineers want to copy
11. Creation of a new material capable of eliminating pollutants by the hydrocarbon industry
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:10/17/2014)... Why do male ... reproduce? And why are there two sexes anyway? These and ... the research journal Molecular Human Reproduction published today ... University Bielefeld has compiled this special issue on sperm competition. ... copulate with several males in quick succession – chimpanzees are ...
(Date:10/17/2014)... . To date, ... overdoses, doctors are often limited to supportive therapy such as ... combination of drugs involved. So what can be done if ... ETH professor Jean-Christophe Leroux from the Institute of Pharmaceutical Sciences ... question. "The task was to develop an agent that could ...
(Date:10/16/2014)... William and Mary,s Virginia Institute of Marine Science ... Environmental Protection Agency to identify the streams and ... develop tools to help local governments and citizens ... critically on a dataset of tidal-marsh observations first ... with this historical baseline can today,s researchers accurately ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):Sperm wars 2Emergency aid for overdoses 2Emergency aid for overdoses 3EPA grant will help localities conserve headwater wetlands 2EPA grant will help localities conserve headwater wetlands 3
... bacterial community living under extreme conditions almost two miles ... mine. It is the first microbial community demonstrated to ... and one of the few ecosystems found on Earth ... in any way. The discovery, appearing in the October ...
... An examination of 4 cases of botulism following cosmetic ... a highly concentrated, unlicensed preparation that resulted in toxin ... dose, according to a report in the November 22/29 ... paralytic illness caused by the toxins of the spore-forming ...
... further than the air around you. It could be ... to a first-of-its-kind census of airborne microbes recently conducted ... Berkeley National Laboratory (Berkeley Lab). , The team ... in air samples taken from the Texas cities of ...
Cached Biology News:Otherworldly bacteria discovered two miles down 2Highly concentrated botulinum preparation for cosmetic injections can result in severe illness 2Highly concentrated botulinum preparation for cosmetic injections can result in severe illness 3Study finds the air rich with bacteria 2Study finds the air rich with bacteria 3Study finds the air rich with bacteria 4
(Date:10/22/2014)... NJ (PRWEB) October 22, 2014 ... and services – has been working with a team ... and New Haven Farms Community Farming Collaborative to provide ... ePRO solution. The study, which started in May, ... program that provides participants weekly exposure to and participation ...
(Date:10/22/2014)... ROCKVILLE, Md. , Oct. 22, 2014   ... company developing novel pathogen-specific therapies for serious infections and ... Office has issued a Notice of Allowance for a ... product in its C. difficile program, SYN-004. This ... to SYN-004 in the U.S. and adds to the ...
(Date:10/20/2014)... The report “Pharmacy Automation Systems ... and Labeling Systems, Table-top Counters) by End-user (Inpatient ... & Trends to 2019” analyzes and studies the ... America, Europe, Asia-Pacific, and the Rest of the ... 30 figures spread through 300 pages and in-depth ...
(Date:10/20/2014)... -- , A major pan-European survey into ... of care has revealed changing trends in many important ... provision of healthcare services across the continent. The results ... Gastroenterology (UEG), have been announced today and led to ... burden of GI disorders across Europe ...
Breaking Biology Technology:myPROpad™ Topic of Panel Discussion at the Yale Food Systems Symposium 2myPROpad™ Topic of Panel Discussion at the Yale Food Systems Symposium 3Synthetic Biologics Announces Allowance of Key U.S. Composition of Matter Patent for C. difficile Program 2Synthetic Biologics Announces Allowance of Key U.S. Composition of Matter Patent for C. difficile Program 3Synthetic Biologics Announces Allowance of Key U.S. Composition of Matter Patent for C. difficile Program 4Pharmacy Automation Systems Market worth $4,566.2 Million by 2019 - New Research Report by MarketsandMarkets 2Pharmacy Automation Systems Market worth $4,566.2 Million by 2019 - New Research Report by MarketsandMarkets 3Pharmacy Automation Systems Market worth $4,566.2 Million by 2019 - New Research Report by MarketsandMarkets 4Major Survey Reveals Changing Trends and Inequalities in Healthcare Provision for Gastrointestinal Disorders Across Europe 2Major Survey Reveals Changing Trends and Inequalities in Healthcare Provision for Gastrointestinal Disorders Across Europe 3Major Survey Reveals Changing Trends and Inequalities in Healthcare Provision for Gastrointestinal Disorders Across Europe 4Major Survey Reveals Changing Trends and Inequalities in Healthcare Provision for Gastrointestinal Disorders Across Europe 5
... , , , VILNIUS, Lithuania, ... a provider of high-precision biometric identification technologies, has released new versions of the ... identification. The latest SDK versions, VeriFi n ger 6.1 ... VeriE y e 2.1 and MegaM ...
... Aug. 24 In response to the quickly emerging need ... for their members or constituents, tech startup Engageon LLC officially ... The first launch was developed for the National Lipid Association ... . lipid.org . Typically, most organizations have a ...
... NORWOOD, Mass., Aug. 24 Advanced Instruments has introduced ... business experience when purchasing osmometers, cryoscopes, and microbiological laboratory instruments. ... i es.com , was developed from the perspective ... and application information, scientific materials, and technical support. , ...
Cached Biology Technology:New Product Versions from Neurotechnology Enable Tri-modal Biometrics 2New Product Versions from Neurotechnology Enable Tri-modal Biometrics 3Engageon Releases First Peer-to-Peer Medical Association Social Network 2Advanced Instruments Introduces Next-Generation Web Site 2