Navigation Links
Jeanne Baret, botanist and first female circumnavigator, finally commemorated in name of new species
Date:1/3/2012

In 1766, Frenchwoman Jeanne Baret disguised herself as a man to work as assistant to renowned botanist Philibert Commerson on the first French circumnavigation of the globe. The expedition consisted of two ships under the command of Louis Antoine de Bougainville and was expected to take three years. A royal ordinance forbade women from being on French naval vessels; prejudice and custom prevented their participation in science. Nevertheless, Baret maintained her disguise all the time she was on board ship, and collected plants with Commerson in locations including Rio de Janeiro, the Strait of Magellan, Tahiti, Mauritius, and Madagascar. Baret was Commerson's lover, but also an accomplished botanist in her own right. When Commerson's ill health prevented him from fieldwork, Baret was responsible for all collections, including the most famous botanical specimen from the expedition: the vine that would be named in honor of its commander, Bougainvillea Comm. ex Juss.

The couple collected over six thousand specimens, now incorporated into the French National Herbarium at the Musum National d'Histoire Naturelle. In the course of the expedition and the years after its successful completion, over seventy species would be named in honor of Commerson using the specific epithet commersonii. But Commerson died before he could publish many designations proposed in his notes, which reveal his intention to name the Malagasy genus Baretia. The species concerned are now placed in the genus Turraea of the family Meliaceae. Baret has therefore been left without anything in the natural world to commemorate her name. That is now to change as University of Utah and University of Cincinnati biologist Eric Tepe has named a new species in honor of Baret: Solanum baretiae.

Tepe learned of Baret when he heard an NPR interview with Baret's biographer, Glynis Ridley, author of The Discovery of Jeanne Baret (Crown, 2010).

S. baretiae is a vine endemic to the Amotape-Huancabamba zone of southern Ecuador and northern Peru and grows in the understory of montane forests and disturbed roadside and pasture vegetation. Its flower petals have been seen in shades of violet, yellow, or white. The leaves of S. baretiae are highly variable in shape, as are the leaves of the species that Commerson originally intended to name after Baret. Then, as now, this seems a fitting tribute to a botanist uniting seemingly contradictory qualities: a woman dressed as a man, a female botanist in a male-dominated field, and a working class woman who travelled farther than most aristocrats of her time.


'/>"/>

Contact: Glynis Ridley
Glynis.ridley@gmail.com
502-681-2275
Pensoft Publishers
Source:Eurekalert  

Related biology news :

1. A Spanish botanist searches for prehistoric flora refuges in China
2. Amateur botanists discover a genuflecting plant in Brazil
3. Amateur botanists in Brazil discover a genuflexing plant
4. Fellowship to UC Riverside botanist encourages Hispanic students to take up research
5. Rare Pennsylvania fungus is named for Philadelphia botanist
6. UC Riverside botanist to receive Paul Ecke Jr. Award of Excellence
7. UC Riverside botanist receives Botanical Society of Americas highest honor
8. Severe congenital disorder successfully treated in a mouse model for the first time
9. NIST releases first certified reference material for single-wall carbon nanotubes
10. Head-first diversity shown to drive vertebrate evolution
11. First aid after tick bites
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
Related Image:
Jeanne Baret, botanist and first female circumnavigator, finally commemorated in name of new species
(Date:4/17/2017)... 17, 2017 NXT-ID, Inc. (NASDAQ: NXTD ... filing of its 2016 Annual Report on Form 10-K on Thursday ... ... available in the Investor Relations section of the Company,s website at ... website at http://www.sec.gov . 2016 Year Highlights: ...
(Date:4/13/2017)... , April 13, 2017 According to a ... Identity Authentication, Identity Analytics, Identity Administration, and Authorization), Service, Authentication Type, Deployment ... the IAM Market is expected to grow from USD 14.30 Billion in ... Rate (CAGR) of 17.3%. ... MarketsandMarkets Logo ...
(Date:4/11/2017)... Research and Markets has announced the addition ... their offering. ... tracking market to grow at a CAGR of 30.37% during the ... 2017-2021, has been prepared based on an in-depth market analysis with ... its growth prospects over the coming years. The report also includes ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):
(Date:8/16/2017)... , Aug. 16, 2017  This year,s edition of the Inc. ... in life sciences workforce solutions, has made the list for the third ... recognizes the nation,s fastest-growing private companies based on a set of quantitative ... which includes the fastest-growing companies in the Bay State ... Inc. 5000 ...
(Date:8/15/2017)... NC (PRWEB) , ... August 15, 2017 , ... ... 2017, celebrating 10 years of successes helping medical technology companies and inventors develop and ... to a renowned full-service national engineering firm with a portfolio of clients in the ...
(Date:8/15/2017)... ... August 15, 2017 , ... Any expert in stem cell research ... disciplines for more than half a century. Despite their essential roles in human ... widely known that molecular tags developed for this purpose also tag other, more abundant, ...
(Date:8/15/2017)... ... August 15, 2017 , ... Coffea arabica ... biotic and abiotic factors. During this educational webinar, participants will learn about the ... as gain a better understanding of how genomics is important for coffee breeding ...
Breaking Biology Technology: