Navigation Links
Increase in the use of biofuels the most cost-effective way for Finland to achieve the goals of the EU's 2030 Climate and Energy Package
Date:6/17/2014

ctor by using second-generation biofuels that can be used in exsisting vehicle fleet. The share of biofuels in road transport would increase to as high as 40% in 2030. Cost optimisation in the different scenarios would require the reduction of emissions in all sectors outside the EU-ETS such as in residential and commercial sectors, waste treatment, industry excluded in the EU ETS and agriculture," says VTT's leader of the research team Tiina Koljonen.

"Costs will rapidly increase if the emission goal is above 36% in sectors outside EU ETS. This would require expensive investments to be made in Finland to reduce emissions. With regard to buildings, cost-effective investments will be a reality under the current policy, signifying a significant increase in the energy-efficiency of buildings. In agriculture, the use of greenhouse gases can only be reduced by a small amount, mainly through decreaseduse of fertilisers," Koljonen says. "The sustainability criteria of biofuels and their actual production cost still include many uncertainty factors that may have a significant effect on the different scenarios. According to initial estimates, refinery investments will require an investment subsidy of around EUR 500 million.

If production subsidies for 2nd generation biofules are also required, the amount of subsidies required will increase to around EUR 1,500 million cumulatively for the years 2020-2030."

With regard to EU ETS, Finland would be a net buyer of emission rights; furthermore, the proposed EU policy would increase the price of electricity and district heating compared to the baseline scenario, also taken into account in the calculations for national economy.

Moderate impact on the national economy

The impact of the EU's 2030 Climate and Energy Framework on Finland's national economy was assessed using the VATTAGE model for the macro economy developed by the Government Institute for Economic Research (VATT), taking into acc
'/>"/>

Contact: Tiina Koljonen
tiina.koljonen@vtt.fi
358-503-599-549
VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland
Source:Eurekalert

Page: 1 2 3

Related biology news :

1. Increase in Arctic shipping poses risk to marine mammals
2. Columbia Engineering and Penn researchers increase speed of single-molecule measurements
3. Fertilizer use responsible for increase in nitrous oxide in atmosphere
4. NIST/UMass study finds evidence nanoparticles may increase plant DNA damage
5. Study finds soda consumption increases overall stroke risk
6. Scientists have discovered genes that increase the risk of osteoporosis and fractures
7. Family history of liver cancer increases risk of developing the disease
8. Research shows how PCBs promote dendrite growth, may increase autism risk
9. Increased fructose consumption may deplete cellular energy in patients with obesity and diabetes
10. NIH-led study finds genetic test results do not trigger increased use of health services
11. Flapping protective wings increase lift
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:5/18/2015)... Fingerprint Cards (FPC) has received an order for ... from one if its module partners. Deliveries are planned to ... the sensors will be used by smartphone manufacturers in ... amount to 740 MSEK to date. In addition to previously ... number of smaller orders not separately communicated amounting to more ...
(Date:5/11/2015)... 11, 2015 Curemark LLC, a privately held ... a new Phase III double blind, randomized, placebo-controlled clinical ... CM-AT, on all children ages 3-8 with Autism. Previously, ... III double blinded clinical trial for CM-AT in children ... the digestive enzyme chymotrypsin. This new trial will help ...
(Date:5/5/2015)... NXT-ID, Inc. (NASDAQ: NXTD ) ("NXT-ID" or the "Company"), ... market, reminds investors and media that  Mr. David Tunnell ... SECURE CONNEXIONS AMERICA 2015, held in Washington DC ... conference is organized into a series of nine session tracks. ... Fraud: Where is the Trust in Cyberspace? and will ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):Fingerprint Cards Receives Touch Fingerprint Sensor Order of SEK 230 Million and Raises Revenue Guidance for 2015 2Curemark, LLC, Launches New Phase III Trial in Expanded Population of Children with Autism 2NXT-ID, Inc.'s CTO, David Tunnell, Presents at CARTES SECURE CONNEXIONS AMERICA 2015 Today in Washington DC. 2NXT-ID, Inc.'s CTO, David Tunnell, Presents at CARTES SECURE CONNEXIONS AMERICA 2015 Today in Washington DC. 3
... and flu expert is calling for mandatory vaccination of ... protecting patients and hospital staff from widespread outbreaks of ... researchers show that voluntary vaccination programs don't do the ... from influenza, many of them elderly or ill, with ...
... this week in Nature shows for the first time ... cells that regulate daily activity of Drosophila melanogaster (fruit ... and evening activity and are maintained in synch even ... periods of time. , This daily resetting signal ...
... a whiff of food that has made them sick in ... ?and to prevent them from eating that food again. It's ... biology that it occurs in a broad range of species. ... smells associated with foods that have made them ill. ...
Cached Biology News:Johns Hopkins flu expert calls for mandatory vaccination of health care workers 2Johns Hopkins flu expert calls for mandatory vaccination of health care workers 3A resetting signal keeps circadian rhythm on track in Drosophila fruit flies 2Worms know bad food when they smell it 2Worms know bad food when they smell it 3Worms know bad food when they smell it 4
(Date:5/26/2015)... 2015 Pharmaco-Kinesis Corporation (PKC) announced today that ... Shutters on the Beach in Santa Monica, ... the Company,s innovative Metronomic Biofeedback Pump (MBP), a fully ... over time to a target site of the human ... system in real-time.  ...
(Date:5/26/2015)... -- Mr. Kevin Xu , President of MEBO International, ... and President Bill Clinton for their sympathy ... Rongxiang Xu , Kevin,s father. As ... time, Dr. Xu,s commitment to the advancement of science and ... not be forgotten. As a renowned life scientist, Dr. Xu ...
(Date:5/26/2015)... TORONTO , May 26, 2015 /PRNewswire/ - Fluorinov ... appointment of Luke M. Beshar to its ... adding financial and pharmaceutical industry expertise as Fluorinov accelerates ... of the Fluorinov team, it is a pleasure to ... had a significant impact on the strategy, financial strength ...
(Date:5/26/2015)... CA (PRWEB) May 26, 2015 ... officially joining the Alliance for Regenerative Medicine (ARM). ... fostering research, development, investment, and commercialization of transformational ... PRC Clinical, the California-based CRO focused in ... in stem cell and regenerative research working with ...
Breaking Biology Technology:Pharmaco-Kinesis Corporation Convenes Third Neuro-Oncology Clinical Advisory Board Meeting 2Pharmaco-Kinesis Corporation Convenes Third Neuro-Oncology Clinical Advisory Board Meeting 3Pharmaco-Kinesis Corporation Convenes Third Neuro-Oncology Clinical Advisory Board Meeting 4Pharmaco-Kinesis Corporation Convenes Third Neuro-Oncology Clinical Advisory Board Meeting 5Dr. Rongxiang Xu, Beyond A Legend 2Luke M. Beshar Appointed to Fluorinov Pharma Board of Directors 2Luke M. Beshar Appointed to Fluorinov Pharma Board of Directors 3PRC Clinical Joins 200+ Member Organizations in The Alliance for Regenerative Medicine (ARM) 2PRC Clinical Joins 200+ Member Organizations in The Alliance for Regenerative Medicine (ARM) 3
... The National Eye ... grant to Aciont Inc. to help fund its development of a non-invasive, passive diffusion-based treatment ... ... (NEI), a division of the National Institutes of Health (NIH), awarded a $2.18 million grant ...
... ... a world-leading provider of advanced flow measurement, control, and level solutions, ... Product Manager effective November 30, 2009. He will lead Brooks Instrument’s ... the world. He is joining Brooks Instrument from Lafarge Corp, a ...
... , SAN DIEGO, Dec. 10 ... announces the release of SampleWare 3.1 software system for laboratory ... now includes an audit trail functionality that tracks user and ... stored sample. , The addition of the audit trail ...
Cached Biology Technology:NEI Awards a Two-Year $2.18 Million SBIR Grant to Aciont 2NEI Awards a Two-Year $2.18 Million SBIR Grant to Aciont 3Brooks Instrument Appoints Mike Bayda as Global Level Product Manager 2Brooks Instrument Appoints Mike Bayda as Global Level Product Manager 3Biomatrica Launches SampleWare 3.1 2Biomatrica Launches SampleWare 3.1 3
Blasticidin resistance gene (bsr), provided in a pORF plasmid. pORF is an expression plasmid selectable with Ampicillin....
... flasks have triple baffles located at the ... maximal oxygen transfer to culture medium. These ... wide range of optional caps are available ... caps for ease of sorting and identification ...
...
... These 2800mL wide mouth PYREX Fernbach-style culture ... center of the flask bottom to achieve ... triple baffled flasks have a Delong-style 38mm ... steel closures. For plastic closures see Nos. ...
Biology Products: