Navigation Links
In the genome of loblolly pine lies hope for better resistance to a damaging disease

"The project was a huge undertaking because at 22 gigabases, the loblolly pine genome is about eight times larger than the human genome," said C. Dana Nelson, SRS Southern Institute for Forest Genetics (SIFG) project leader and research geneticist. "The group chose loblolly pine both because of its economic importance, and the knowledge gained from 60 years of breeding the species and managing millions of trees in genetic trials."

As part of the project, researchers identified a candidate for a gene involved in resistance to fusiform rust, a disease that infects southern pines. SIFG biological science technician Katherine Smith worked with John M. Davis, professor and associate director of the School of Forest Resources and Conservation at the University of Florida (UF), to compare mapped sections of the genome with sections found in loblolly specimens previously inoculated with the pathogen that causes fusiform rust.

"Fusiform rust is the most damaging disease of southern pinesand one of the most complex due to genetic interactions between the pathogen and its host," said Davis, who also serves as faculty and Executive Committee member at the UF Genetics Institute. "Genetic resistance is the only realistic way to manage the disease, which infects young trees within their first five years of growth and weakens or girdles the stem. Chemical control is expensive, impractical, and not very good for the environment."

Researchers and breeders can use the resistance genes as markers to track resistance in pine breeding populations and to guide tree planting at the stand level. "The fusiform rust pathogen has evolved to defeat some rust resistance genes in loblolly," said Nelson. "The increased molecular understanding from the loblolly genome sequencing effort provides managers with a new effective tool to determine how well seedlings will grow on a particular site."

SIFG involvement in sequencing the loblolly genome actually goes back at least two decades, when SIFG helped develop an array of resources to help speed up mapping and sequencing the loblolly pine genome and provide the ability to identify genes that influence factors such as tree growth, wood quality, stress tolerance and resistance to disease. SIFG also conserved and supplied the plant tissue used in the genome sequencing project and provided quality control on the DNA samples that were sequenced.

Contact: C. Dana Nelson
228-832-2747 x202
USDA Forest Service ‑ Southern Research Station

Related biology news :

1. Loblolly pine genome is largest ever sequenced
2. Loblolly pines immense genome conquered
3. Newly identified small-RNA pathway defends genome against the enemy within
4. The genome of sesame sheds new lights on oil biosynthesis
5. Scripps Wellderly Genome Resource now available to researchers
6. Pond-dwelling powerhouses genome points to its biofuel potential
7. Genomes of Richard III and his proven relative to be sequenced
8. Genome editing goes hi-fi
9. Scientists invent advanced approach to identify new drug candidates from genome sequence
10. New method developed for ranking disease-causal mutations within whole genome sequences
11. New insight into an emerging genome-editing tool
Post Your Comments:
(Date:6/22/2016)... 22, 2016 On Monday, the Department of ... to share solutions for the Biometric Exit Program. The ... Border Protection (CBP), explains that CBP intends to add ... the United States , in order to ... imposters. Logo - ...
(Date:6/16/2016)... June 16, 2016 The ... expected to reach USD 1.83 billion by 2024, ... Research, Inc. Technological proliferation and increasing demand in ... expected to drive the market growth. ... The development of advanced multimodal techniques for ...
(Date:6/9/2016)... -- Paris Police Prefecture ... to ensure the safety of people and operations in several ... tournament Teleste, an international technology group specialised in ... that its video security solution will be utilised by ... safety across the country. The system roll-out is scheduled for ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):
(Date:6/27/2016)... (PRWEB) , ... June 27, 2016 , ... Parallel ... clinical trials, announced today the Clinical Reach Virtual Patient Encounter CONSULT module ... circle with the physician and clinical trial team. , Using the CONSULT module, patients ...
(Date:6/27/2016)... ... June 27, 2016 , ... Rolf K. ... the faculty of the University of North Carolina Kenan-Flagler Business School ... entrepreneurship at UNC Kenan-Flagler, with a focus on the school’s international efforts, leading ...
(Date:6/27/2016)...   Ginkgo Bioworks , a leading organism ... today awarded as one of the World Economic ... most innovative companies. Ginkgo Bioworks is engineering biology ... world in the nutrition, health and consumer goods ... customers including Fortune 500 companies to design microbes ...
(Date:6/24/2016)... DIEGO , June 24, 2016 ... more sensitively detects cancers susceptible to PARP inhibitors ... circulating tumor cells (CTCs). The new test has ... HRD-targeted therapeutics in multiple cancer types. ... targeting DNA damage response pathways, including PARP, ATM, ...
Breaking Biology Technology: