Navigation Links
Immune system important in fight against stomach cancer
Date:6/28/2010

Researchers have identified cells in the immune system that react to the stomach ulcer bacterium Helicobacter pylori, one of the risk factors for the development of stomach cancer. This discovery could lead to faster diagnosis and treatment as well as a better prognosis for patients with stomach cancer, reveals a thesis from the University of Gothenburg, Sweden.

Helicobacter pylori is one of the most common bacterial infections in the world, and leads to chronic inflammation of the stomach. While carriers are generally symptom-free, the bacterium can cause stomach ulcers and, sometimes, the development of stomach cancer. As the symptoms of stomach cancer are varied, it is often discovered at a late stage and has a very poor prognosis.

"We don't know how the chronic inflammation caused by Helicobacter pylori affects the development of stomach cancer," says sa Lindgren, a researcher from the Department of Microbiology and Immunology. "So it was interesting to study how the immune system behaves towards Helicobacter pylori in the stomach."

The team looked at how NK cells (natural killer cells a type of immune cell) reacted to Helicobacter pylori. These cells are an important part of the immune system as they can both recognise and kill cells that are infected by viruses and bacteria as well as tumour cells.

"We found that a special type of NK cells was active against the stomach ulcer bacterium," says sa Lindgren. "These NK cells produced cytokines, which are the immune system's signal substances and act as a defence against the intruder."

The researchers' results suggest that NK cells can play an important role in the immune defence against Helicobacter pylori. Previous research has also shown that a high proportion of NK cells in tumour tissue has contributed to a better prognosis and longer survival for patients with stomach cancer, as these cells help to eliminate the tumour cells.

The researchers therefore believe that activation of the NK cells can play a key role in stopping tumours from developing, and that reduced NK-cell activity can increase the risk of cancer developing. sa Lindgren hopes that these findings can be used to develop new ways of diagnosing and treating stomach cancer.

"This would make it possible to diagnose stomach cancer at an early stage, which, in turn, could mean a better prognosis for the patients."


'/>"/>

Contact: Asa Lindgren
asa.lindgren@microbio.gu.se
46-702-255-953
University of Gothenburg
Source:Eurekalert

Related biology news :

1. Bursts of waves drive immune system soldiers toward invaders
2. Key to out-of-control immune response in lung injury found
3. Flies can turn off their immune response
4. How the plant immune system can drive the formation of new species
5. Auto immune response creates barrier to fertility; could be a step in speciation
6. Immune police recognize good and bad guys in the body
7. Agent that triggers immune response in plants is uncovered
8. Immune cells promote blood vessel formation in mouse endometriosis
9. Influenza vaccine causes weaker immune response for children of rural Gabon than in semi-urban areas
10. The PIN codes of the immune system can be hacked
11. Pathogens use previously undescribed mechanism to sabotage host immune system
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:6/22/2016)... 2016 On Monday, the Department of Homeland ... share solutions for the Biometric Exit Program. The Request ... Protection (CBP), explains that CBP intends to add biometrics ... the United States , in order to deter ... Logo - http://photos.prnewswire.com/prnh/20160622/382209LOGO ...
(Date:6/9/2016)... 9, 2016  Perkotek an innovation leader in attendance control systems is proud to ... hours, for employers to make sure the right employees are actually signing in, and ... ... ... ...
(Date:6/2/2016)... The Weather Company , an IBM Business (NYSE: IBM ... which consumers will be able to interact with IBM Watson ... or text and receive relevant information about the product or ... long sought an advertising solution that can create a one-to-one ... valuable; and can scale across millions of interactions and touchpoints. ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):
(Date:12/4/2016)... ... December 03, 2016 , ... ... A microbiome impact grant award has been made to Dr. Renato Polimanti of ... and drinking on the oral microbiome. Grant proposals have been vetted by the ...
(Date:12/2/2016)... ... 02, 2016 , ... In anticipation of AxioMed’s exclusive cleanroom ... company President, Jake Lubinski will be traveling to Switzerland from December 5-10. Mr. ... Lucerne, and Zurich to discuss the benefits of a viscoelastic disc. AxioMed received ...
(Date:12/2/2016)... Dec. 2, 2016 Amgen (NASDAQ: AMGN ... announced the submission of a Marketing Authorization Application (MAA) to ... candidate to Avastin ® (bevacizumab). The companies believe this ... EMA. "The submission of ABP 215 to ... expand our oncology portfolio," said Sean E. Harper , ...
(Date:12/2/2016)... ... December 01, 2016 , ... ACEA Biosciences, Inc. announced today that it will ... AC0010 at the World Conference on Lung Cancer 2016, taking place in Vienna, Austria ... I/II clinical trials for AC0010 in patients with advanced non-small cell lung cancer harboring ...
Breaking Biology Technology: