Navigation Links
Great apes think ahead
Date:6/18/2008

Apes can plan for their future needs just as we humans can by using self-control and imagining future events. Mathias and Helena Osvath's research, from Lunds University Cognitive Science in Sweden, is the first to provide conclusive evidence of advanced planning capacities in non-human species. Their findings are published online this week in Springer's journal, Animal Cognition.

The complex skill of future planning is commonly believed to be exclusive to humans, and has not yet been convincingly established in any living primate species other than our own. In humans, planning for future needs relies heavily on two mental capacities: self-control or the suppression of immediate drives in favor of delayed rewards; and mental time travel or the detached mental experience of a past or future event.

In a series of four experiments, Mathias and Helena Osvath investigated whether chimpanzees and orangutans could override immediate drives in favor of future needs, and therefore demonstrate both self-control and the ability to plan ahead, rather than simply fulfill immediate needs through impulsive behavior.

Two female chimpanzees and one male orangutan, from Lund University Primate Research Station at Furuvik Zoo, were shown a hose and how to use it to extract fruit soup. They were then tempted with their favorite fruit alongside the hose to test their ability to suppress the choice of the immediate reward (favorite fruit) in favor of a tool (the hose) that would lead to a larger reward 70 minutes later on (the fruit soup). The apes chose the hose more frequently than their favorite fruit suggesting that they are able to make choices in favor of future needs, even when they directly compete with an immediate reward.

New tools the apes had not encountered before were then introduced: one new functional tool which would work in a similar way to the hose, and two distractor objects. The apes consciously chose the new functiona
'/>"/>

Contact: Melanie Lehnert
melanie.lehnert@springer.com
49-622-148-78414
Springer
Source:Eurekalert

Page: 1 2

Related biology news :

1. New ballast treatment could protect Great Lakes fish
2. A Great Lakes mystery: The case of the disappearing species
3. Restoring fish populations leads to tough choice for Great Lakes Gulls
4. Woody and aquatic plants pose greatest invasive threat to China
5. Great Ape Trust to gather internationally recognized scientists for Decade of the Mind III
6. Researcher provides tool to enable determination of age of anchovies with greater precision
7. Great Ape Trust signs agreement with Universitas Nasional in Jakarta
8. Barnacles go to great lengths to mate
9. Great apes endangered by human viruses
10. New report finds great potential for Swedish medical technology
11. Great potential to improve collection, recycling of Europes electronic waste, says UN report
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:4/17/2014)... German . ... demanded of him, he can expect his premises to be ... of the consequences is enough to make restaurant owners pay ... lay their eggs in other birds, nests. If the host ... their revenge by destroying the entire nest. Consequently, it is ...
(Date:4/17/2014)... stark warning on the possible effects of gases such ... times that of carbon dioxide. Now a team of ... fully regenerable electron acceptors which helps explain why large ... being released to the atmosphere. However, there are worries ... into a vicious cycle to release large amounts of ...
(Date:4/17/2014)... chock full of wild animals and plant life, but ... are churning away in the soil, decomposing organic matter ... vital role these fungi play in ecological systems, their ... of scientists has generated a genetic map of more ... work was published this week in the Proceedings ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):Fear of the cuckoo mafia 2Fear of the cuckoo mafia 3Methane climate change risk suggested by proof of redox cycling of humic substances 2Stanford biologists help solve fungal mysteries 2Stanford biologists help solve fungal mysteries 3
... Sept. 30, 2011 -- Molecular motion in proteins ... collaboration by researchers at the Department of Energy,s ... Tennessee, in research reported in Physical Review Letters. ... Governor,s Chairs Jeremy Smith and Alexei Sokolov, combined ...
... in the October issue of The American Naturalist ... with the help of the same phenomenon that fogs up ... Darwin University in Australia, tree frogs often plop themselves down ... Australia. When they return to their dens, condensation forms on ...
... the diaphragm muscles has received approval from the Food and ... Sclerosis (ALS), also known as Lou Gehrig,s disease. The ... patients breathe longer without the aid of a ventilator. ... Medical Center who helped develop and test DPS and who ...
Cached Biology News:High-performance simulation, neutrons uncover 3 classes of protein motion 2Tree frogs chill out to collect precious water 2Diaphragm pacing system receives FDA approval for use with ALS patients 2
(Date:1/14/2014)... (PRWEB) January 14, 2014 Carahsoft and ... Thursday, January 23, 2014 at 2pm EST (11am PST), ... The topic focuses on how technology can turn raw, ... decisions for government agencies. The online webinar will last ...
(Date:1/14/2014)... EquitiesIQ, a leading informational research provider, ... is an emerging biomedical company acquiring, developing, manufacturing, and ... , Free report download: http://equitiesiq.com/reports/alliqua/ , In ... team and Board, which launched the company’s new strategy ...
(Date:1/14/2014)... 14, 2014 In recent years, growing ... methods in product development and promotion has led to ... mistrust, fueled by concerns about the insidious impact of ... of spectacular fines to the world’s biggest pharmas for ...
(Date:1/14/2014)... Cardiff, UK (PRWEB) January 13, 2014 ... leader with more than 20 years in the industry, ... and photonics . Hainsey will serve as the society’s ... have Dr. Hainsey join SPIE as our Technology Strategist, ...
Breaking Biology Technology:Webcast - Natural Language Processing: Converting Raw Data into Actionable Knowledge – Hosted by Carahsoft and CDS Federal Services 2EquitiesIQ Initiates Coverage of Alliqua, Inc. 2EquitiesIQ Initiates Coverage of Alliqua, Inc. 3The Sunshine Act: Necessary Regulation or Unnecessary Dysregulation? New Life Science Webinar Hosted by Xtalks and IRB Services 2The Sunshine Act: Necessary Regulation or Unnecessary Dysregulation? New Life Science Webinar Hosted by Xtalks and IRB Services 3Photonics R&D Leader Bob Hainsey Joins SPIE Technical Staff 2
... 35% Compared to the previous Quarter ... 200,000 OmniPods per Month, BEDFORD, Mass., Aug. 12 ... technology with its OmniPod(R),Insulin Management System, today announced financial results ... Second quarter 2008 reported revenue increased 131% to $7.4 ...
... Biopharmaceutical manufacturers,responsible for an extensive repertoire ... and vaccines -- are faced with,many aspects ... product being assessed. A,new whitepaper from Microtest ... requirements associated with the aseptic processing of,a ...
... /PRNewswire-FirstCall/ - Angiotech Pharmaceuticals,Inc. (NASDAQ: ANPI , ... company, today announced that it has received CE ... Catheter in,Europe., This CE Mark approval follows ... clearance from the U.S. Food and Drug Association,(FDA) ...
Cached Biology Technology:Insulet Reports Second Quarter 2008 Results 2Insulet Reports Second Quarter 2008 Results 3Insulet Reports Second Quarter 2008 Results 4Insulet Reports Second Quarter 2008 Results 5Insulet Reports Second Quarter 2008 Results 6Insulet Reports Second Quarter 2008 Results 7Insulet Reports Second Quarter 2008 Results 8White Paper Explains Aspects of Testing From Purified Bulk Drug Substance to Sterile Liquid Final Drug Product 2Angiotech receives CE Mark approval of HemoStream(TM) Chronic Dialysis Catheter 2Angiotech receives CE Mark approval of HemoStream(TM) Chronic Dialysis Catheter 3Angiotech receives CE Mark approval of HemoStream(TM) Chronic Dialysis Catheter 4
... value of your microarray data using Asuragens ... need from consultation to extensive data analysis ... Utilize our expertise in combination with the ... own microarray experiments., ,Normalization and basic statistical ...
... This CLS number is a new ... Cornings product number. If showing no ... old Sigma-Aldrich number (Z71,517-4) or contact ... cap polystyrene (expanded surface, easy grip) ...
BD Falcon 850 cm Smooth-surface TufRol Roller Bottle, tissue-culture treated polystyrene, blow-molded one-piece design, with easy on/off non-vented cap, packed in double bag. (20/ca) Packaging: ...
Four siRNAs targeting your gene of interest, providing gene silencing with 100% satisfaction guaranteed High knockdown potency , High specificity for minimal off-target effects , Flexible siR...
Biology Products: