Navigation Links
Gene mutation increases drug toxicity, rejection risk in pediatric kidney transplants
Date:2/18/2009

CINCINNATI Screening for mutations in a gene that helps the body metabolize a kidney transplant anti-rejection drug may predict which children are at higher risk for side effects, including compromised white blood cell count or organ rejection, according to new research.

Published online Feb. 18 by the Nature journal Clinical Pharmacology and Therapeutics, the study suggests this genetic approach could also help physicians tailor personalized anti-rejection drug doses to prevent adverse reactions, said senior investigators Alexander A. Vinks, Pharm.D., Ph.D., and Jens Goebel M.D., of Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center.

"There are better ways than just giving standard doses of these drugs, and in due course these types of technologies will be available worldwide to help patients," said Dr. Vinks, director of the Division of Clinical Pharmacology and the Pediatric Pharmacology Research Unit at Cincinnati Children's. "This pilot study shows personalized and prospective MMF dosing and monitoring may be feasible to reduce the high incidence of drug toxicity in children without compromising the drug's protective effects against kidney graft rejection."

MMF, or Mycophenolate Mofetil, is an immunosuppressive agent commonly used to prevent rejection in organ transplants, particularly in kidney transplants. After taken orally, the drug is quickly processed by the body into active form. During this time, patients with a specific point mutation in the gene that helps break down the drug, UGT, metabolize the drug slower. This point mutation, called UGT1A9-331, causes overexposure and adverse side effects in the affected children, the study concluded. UGT encodes the drug's main metabolizing enzyme in the body, uridine diphosphate-glucuronosyl transferase.

Adverse side effects most commonly linked to MMF have included gastrointestinal complications (such as diarrhea) or leukopenia a drop in white blood cell count
'/>"/>

Contact: Nick Miller
nicholas.miller@cchmc.org
513-803-6035
Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center
Source:Eurekalert

Page: 1 2 3

Related biology news :

1. Presence of gene mutation helps guide thyroid cancer treatment
2. Mutation of the COX2 gene can double or treble a womans risk of ovarian cancer
3. New study reveals for first time how BRCA1 mutations cause breast cancer
4. Men unaware of their cancer risk when female relatives test positive for BRCA mutation
5. Varying prevalence among ethnic groups of gene mutation that increases risk of breast cancer
6. Mutation may cause inherited neuropathy
7. Should children be permitted to get genetic testing for BRCA 1/2 mutations?
8. CSHL scientists part of team that discovers role of rare gene mutations in schizophrenia
9. Rare genetic mutations protect against hypertension
10. Inherited cancer mutation is widespread in America
11. Gene mutations in mice mimic human-like sleep disorder, UT Southwestern researchers find
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:4/23/2014)... Toronto Scarborough research shows that male black widow spiders ... a rare example of mate preference by male spiders. ... Emily MacLeod and Maydianne Andrade, a professor in UTSC,s ... studies and the wild that males overwhelmingly chose to ... black widows can tell whether a potential mate is ...
(Date:4/23/2014)... Scientists have conclusive evidence that the source of a ... Ocean and called the "bio-duck," is the Antarctic minke ... by submarine personnel in the 1960s who thought it ... recorded at various locations in the Southern Ocean, but ... In February 2013, an international team of researchers deployed ...
(Date:4/23/2014)... accurate group decision increases with the abundance of brains ... a variety of factors as often happens in ... smaller groups actually tend to make more accurate decisions ... certain pieces of information. , The findings present a ... or the "wisdom of crowds," wherein individual observations ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):Picky male black widow spiders prefer well-fed virgins 2Scientists identify source of mysterious sound in the Southern Ocean 2Scientists identify source of mysterious sound in the Southern Ocean 3Too many chefs: Smaller groups exhibit more accurate decision-making 2Too many chefs: Smaller groups exhibit more accurate decision-making 3
... ARBOR, Mich. Researchers from the University of Michigan ... overexpressed in 90 percent of pancreatic cancers, the most ... Ataxia Telangiectasia Group D Complementing gene, called ATDC, is ... than in cells from a normal pancreas. What,s more, ...
... Germany March 2, 2009 >> Genomatix Software, a ... Next Generation Sequencing (NGS) data, announced today that Boehringer ... Mining Station and a Genomatix Genome Analyzer at its ... the only complete and integrated analysis solution for NGS ...
... of Illinois plant geneticist Stephen Moose has developed a corn ... that would make good silage, Moose said, due to a ... make it a good energy crop. The gene known ... giving corn seedlings a waxy coating that acts like a ...
Cached Biology News:U-M researchers ID gene involved in pancreatic cancer 2Boehringer Ingelheim uses Genomatix' Next Generation Sequencing data analysis systems 2Doubling a gene in corn results in giant biomass 2
(Date:1/15/2014)... RedBrick Health , a fast-growing leader in consumer ... EmblemHealth , the New York ... the RedBrick Compass health assessment, combined with the RedBrick ... members. EmblemHealth is among the first health plans in ...
(Date:1/15/2014)... VA (PRWEB) January 15, 2014 Two ... have continued their sponsorship of an annual competition for ... in, and access to, innovative STEM study. The competition ... TEAMS: Tests of Engineering Aptitude, Mathematics, and Sciences ...
(Date:1/15/2014)... Freeslate, Inc ., the leading provider ... Limited, one of India’s top five pharmaceutical companies, has ... for high throughput solid form screening. , ... wide range of quality, affordable generic and branded formulations ...
(Date:1/14/2014)... Carahsoft and CDS Federal Services have ... at 2pm EST (11am PST), “Natural Language Processing: Converting ... how technology can turn raw, heterogeneous data into actionable ... The online webinar will last approximately one hour. , ...
Breaking Biology Technology:EmblemHealth Selects RedBrick Health to Power its Next-Generation Health Engagement and Behavior Change System 2EmblemHealth Selects RedBrick Health to Power its Next-Generation Health Engagement and Behavior Change System 3Technology Student Association Partners with Leaders in STEM Education Advocacy for Annual Competition 2Technology Student Association Partners with Leaders in STEM Education Advocacy for Annual Competition 3Technology Student Association Partners with Leaders in STEM Education Advocacy for Annual Competition 4Technology Student Association Partners with Leaders in STEM Education Advocacy for Annual Competition 5Lupin Selects Freeslate’s CM Protégé PharmD System to Accelerate Polymorph Screening for Drug Development 2Lupin Selects Freeslate’s CM Protégé PharmD System to Accelerate Polymorph Screening for Drug Development 3Webcast - Natural Language Processing: Converting Raw Data into Actionable Knowledge – Hosted by Carahsoft and CDS Federal Services 2
... Mass. and SYDNEY, Sept. 14, 2011 HeartWare International, ... a leading innovator of less invasive, miniaturized circulatory support ... failure, today announced that CEO Doug Godshall is scheduled ... at 10:30 a.m. ET on Wednesday, September 21, 2011. ...
... Sept. 14, 2011 Tengion, Inc. (NASDAQ: TNGN ... Davis, Vice President Finance and Chief Financial Officer of Tengion, ... on Monday, September 19, 2011, at 1:30 pm EDT. ... accessed under "Calendar of Events" in the Investors section of ...
... 13Researchers at Vanderbilt University have developed a new technique that ... tissue at multiple points simultaneously, a method that could help ... and change shape. UV lasers are a commonly-used ... incisions by vaporizing one point at a time in a ...
Cached Biology Technology:HeartWare to Present at the UBS Global Life Sciences Conference 2Tengion to Present at UBS Global Life Sciences Conference 2
... purified from egg white. The extinction coefficient , ... in 10 mM phosphate-buffered saline, pH ... sodium azide and 50% glycerol. Avidin (from egg ... is purified by molecular sieving and ...
Request Info...
Request Info...
... CELLection Dynabeads (4.5 m) coated with the ... EpCAM and DNase Releasing Buffer. For ... tumour cells directly from blood, bone marrow ... enriched from bone marrow. Enriched cells are ...
Biology Products: