Navigation Links
Fuel emissions from marine vessels remain a global concern
Date:9/9/2008

The forecast for clear skies and smooth sailing for oceanic vessels has been impeded by worldwide concerns of their significant contributions to air pollution and greenhouse gas emissions that impact the Earth's climate.

A new study by professors James Winebrake and James Corbett examines "Emission Tradeoffs among Alternative Marine Fuels: Total Fuel Cycle Analysis of Residual Oil, Marine Gas Oil, and Marine Diesel Oil," in a recent issue of Journal of the Air & Waste Management Association.

According to Winebrake, professor and chair of the Department of Science, Technology and Society/Public Policy at Rochester Institute of Technology, and Corbett, associate professor in the College of Marine and Earth Studies at the University of Delaware, reducing fuel sulfur content is an essential component of any strategy aimed at reducing sulfur oxide emissions from marine vesselsespecially since global concerns have caused policy makers to accelerate the introduction of emission control technologies and cleaner fuels into the international marine sector. These tactics aim to improve air quality and human health and mitigate climate change.

"Cleaner fuels are expected to reduce sulfur and particulate emissions, however, greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions may increase because of the additional refining energy required to produce these fuelsresidual oil, marine gas oil and marine diesel oil," Winebrake explains. "Our study provides a total fuel cycle emissions analysis to help quantify these emissions tradeoffs."

In the study, Winebrake and Corbett applied a jointly developed model called the Total Energy and Emissions Analysis for Marine Systems (TEAMS) model, which was developed to explore what are called "upstream" emissions associated with fuel production and distribution. Using the model, the authors demonstrated that although cleaner fuels increase GHG emissions during their production, they reduce GHG emissions during vessel operation, creating almost a net zero GHG impact.

This result was counter to claims by the petroleum industrywhich suggested that the use of cleaner fuels in the marine sector would exacerbate green house GHG problems.

"Given that the GHG impacts associated with cleaner fuels are almost nil, and given the tremendous advantages of these fuels with respect to other pollutants, policies that encourage cleaner fuels seem warranted," explains Winebrake, who also published a paper last year with Corbett demonstrating significant premature human mortality across the globe due to emissions from ships.

"The global shipping sector is one of the last unregulated emissions sources, and our study will provide useful information to the ongoing international debate surrounding cleaner marine fuels."


'/>"/>

Contact: Susan Gawlowicz
smguns@rit.edu
585-475-5061
Rochester Institute of Technology
Source:Eurekalert

Related biology news :

1. Carbon Disclosure Project, ICLEI partner to help US cities report local climate actions, emissions
2. Paying to save tropical forests could be a way to reduce global carbon emissions
3. Action needed now for Minnesota to reach goals in reducing greenhouse gas emissions by 2015
4. IEEE-USA position encourages energy efficiency to save households money, reduce carbon emissions
5. Emissions irrelevant to future climate change?
6. Aerodynamic trailer cuts fuel and emissions by up to 15 percent
7. Carnegie Mellon researchers to curb CO2 emissions
8. Experts prove the geochemical origin of part of the CO2 emissions in semiarid climates
9. New UC analysis shows alarming increase in expected growth of Chinas carbon dioxide emissions
10. Alarming growth in expected CO2 emissions in China, finds UC analysis
11. State, UH teaming up to reduce (ob)noxious air emissions
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:1/13/2017)... Jan. 13, 2017 Sandata Technologies, LLC, ... the homecare industry, including Electronic Visit Verification™ (EVV™), ... Justin Jugs, as Senior Vice President of Product ... years of homecare experience to Sandata, where he ... plans to align Sandata,s suite of solutions with ...
(Date:1/11/2017)... Jan. 11, 2017 Intoxalock, a leading ignition ... release of its patent-pending calibration device. With this new ... calibrations, securely upload data logs and process repairs at ... "Fighting drunk driving through the application of ... at large, but also for the customer who can ...
(Date:1/6/2017)... 5, 2017  Delta ID Inc., a leader in ... for automotive at CES® 2017. Delta ID has collaborated ... demonstrate the use of iris scanning as a secure, ... driver in a car, and as a way to ... Delta ID and Gentex will demonstrate (booth ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):
(Date:1/21/2017)... Jan. 20, 2017 Interpace Diagnostics Group, ... that provides clinically useful molecular diagnostic tests and ... into a securities purchase agreement with three  institutional ... of common stock in a registered direct offering.  ... agreed to sell to the same investors warrants ...
(Date:1/20/2017)... ... ... The two newest companies to join the University City Science Center’s Port business ... Wistar Institute, and Sanguis, launched by a trio of students from the University of ... developing a treatment for a chronic viral infection and its associated diseases, with the ...
(Date:1/20/2017)... MA (PRWEB) , ... January ... ... leader in Less Exposure Surgery (LES®) Technologies, announced today the next evolution ... PedFuse Pedicle Screw System platform). In contrast to the competition, SpineFrontier is ...
(Date:1/19/2017)... 19, 2017 /PRNewswire -- WuXi AppTec, a leading ... and technology platform, today announced that it has ... preclinical drug discovery contract research organization (CRO). After ... wholly-owned subsidiary of WuXi, and will continue to ... greater services. The acquisition will further strengthen WuXi,s ...
Breaking Biology Technology: