Navigation Links
Formula discovered for longer plant life
Date:9/23/2008

This release is available in German.

Plants that grow more slowly stay fresh longer. In their study now published in PLoS Biology, scientists at the Max Planck Institute for Developmental Biology in Tbingen have shown that certain small sections of genes, so-called microRNAs, coordinate growth and aging processes in plants. These microRNAs inhibit certain regulators, known as TCP transcription factors. These transcription factors in turn influence the production of jasmonic acid, a plant hormone. The higher the number of microRNAs present, the lower the number of transcription factors that are active, and the smaller the amount of jasmonic acid, which is produced by the plant. The plant therefore ages more slowly, as this hormone is important for the plant's aging processes. The researchers have succeeded for the first time in describing the antagonistic regulation of growth and aging in plants. Since the quantity of microRNAs in the plants can be controlled by genetic methods, it may be possible in future to cultivate plants that live longer and grow faster. (PLoS Biology, September 23, 2008)

MicroRNAs are short, single-strand sections of genes that regulate other genes. They do this by binding to complementary sections of the genetic material, thus preventing them from being read and implemented in genetic products. In plants, microRNAs mainly inhibit other regulators, so-called transcription factors. These factors can switch genes on or off by binding to DNA sections, thus activating or blocking them so that either too many or too few proteins are formed. Since proteins control metabolic processes, an imbalance leads to more or less clearly visible changes to the plant.

The scientists in Prof. Detlef Weigel's department at the Max Planck Institute for Developmental Biology have investigated the effects that the transcription factors of the TCP family have on the growth and aging of the thale cress model plant (Arabidopsis thaliana). These transcription factors are regulated by the microRNA miR319.

It was already known that miR319-regulated transcription factors affect the growth of leaves. Using a combination of biochemical and genetic analyses, the researchers have now discovered that the transcription factors also regulate those genes that are essential for the formation of the plant hormone jasmonic acid. The higher the amount of microRNA miR319 present in the plant, the lower the number of transcription factors that are produced. This results in smaller amounts of jasmonic acid which can be synthesized. Plants containing little jasmonic acid age more slowly: The leaves become yellow and the plant dies. This process can be stopped by treating the plant with the hormone.

"Our studies show that the transcription factors, which are regulated by the microRNA miR319, exert a negative influence on the growth of plants, and also lead to premature aging. The mechanism discovered here is a further milestone in the attempt to explain the relationships of genetic regulation in plants. Only when we have a better understanding of these processes will we be able to produce plants that have particularly desired properties," says Detlef Weigel, who heads the project.


'/>"/>

Contact: Dr. Detlef Weigel
Detlef.Weigel@tuebingen.mpg.de
49-7071-601-1410
Max-Planck-Gesellschaft
Source:Eurekalert  

Related biology news :

1. University of Pennsylvania researchers develop formula to gauge risk of disease clusters
2. New formula for combating the greenhouse gas nitrous oxide
3. Louisiana Tech researchers feature drug reformulation in prestigious journal
4. Researchers study facial structures, brain abnormalities to reveal formula for detection of autism
5. New, more direct pathways from outside the cell-to-cell nuclei discovered
6. New continent and species discovered in Atlantic study
7. Ancient organisms discovered in Canadian gold mine
8. New golden frog discovered in remote region of Colombia
9. Antioxidant to retard wrinkles discovered by Hebrew University researcher
10. One species entire genome discovered inside anothers
11. New molecules discovered that block cancer cells from modifying cell DNA
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
Related Image:
Formula discovered for longer plant life
(Date:3/27/2017)... March 27, 2017  Catholic Health Services (CHS) ... Systems Society (HIMSS) Analytics for achieving Stage 6 ... sm . In addition, CHS previously earned a ... using an electronic medical record (EMR). ... level of EMR usage in an outpatient setting.  ...
(Date:3/23/2017)... PUNE, India , March 23, 2017 The report ... Equipment, Touchless Biometric), Industry, and Geography - Global Forecast to 2022", published by ... growing at a CAGR of 29.63% between 2017 and 2022. ... ... Logo ...
(Date:3/22/2017)... 2017 Optimove , provider of ... such as 1-800-Flowers and AdoreMe, today announced two ... Replenishment. Using Optimove,s machine learning algorithms, these features ... replenishment recommendations to their customers based not just ... customer intent drawn from a complex web of ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):
(Date:9/19/2017)... , ... September 19, 2017 , ... ... largest group of funded early-stage tech companies. “Grit” author Angela Duckworth and her ... joining the ic@3401 community is Cooley, an international law firm with decades of ...
(Date:9/19/2017)... ... 2017 , ... The new and improved Oakton® pocket testers, from Cole-Parmer, stand ... with a new cap design that is versatile, functional and leakproof. They are ideal ... test water quality. , The Oakton pocket testers have many user-friendly and functional features. ...
(Date:9/19/2017)... , Sept. 19, 2017 ValGenesis Inc., ... (VLMS) is pleased to announce the strategic partnership with ... provide clients with validation services using the latest technology ... VTI will provide clients with efficient and cost-effective validation ... marketing partner for the ValGenesis VLMS system. ...
(Date:9/19/2017)... ... 2017 , ... Molecular Devices, LLC, a leader in protein ... the CloneSelect™ Single-Cell Printer™ in North America. This novel system utilizes sophisticated ... documentation of monoclonality for use in cell line development. , Clonal cell ...
Breaking Biology Technology: