Navigation Links
Food for thought -- regulating energy supply to the brain during fasting
Date:10/5/2008

LA JOLLA, CAIf the current financial climate has taught us anything, it's that a system where over-borrowing goes unchecked eventually ends in disaster. It turns out this rule applies as much to our bodies as it does to economics. Instead of cash, our body deals in energy borrowed from muscle and given to the brain.

Unlike freewheeling financial markets, the lending process in the body is under strict regulation to ensure that more isn't lent than can be afforded. New research by scientists at the Salk Institute for Biological Studies reveals just how this process is implemented.

"We have all seen the sub-prime mortgage crisis," says Marc Montminy, M.D., Ph.D., a professor in the Clayton Foundation Laboratories for Peptide Biology who led the current study. "If you take out a loan, sooner or later you've got to pay your debt, and the same is true in fasting metabolism."

The Salk researchers' findings, which are published ahead of print in the Oct. 5 edition of the journal Nature, may pave the way for novel therapies for sufferers of metabolic diseases in whom such regulation can spiral out of control.

Most tissues in our bodies respond to fasting by switching from their usual high-octane energy sourceglucoseto burning a low-octane, cheaper alternative-fat. For our brains, however, only the high-performance fuel will do. If no food-derived glucose is available, the body must manufacture its own supply to maintain the brain in the manner to which it is accustomed. It does so by taking energy from muscle in the form of protein and converting it to glucose in the liver, a process known as gluconeogenesis. The sugar is then shipped via the bloodstream to the brain to keep it running smoothly.

Gluconeogenesis needs to be turned on rapidly in response to fasting, but shutting it off again is just as crucial. "You don't want gluconeogenesis to be prolonged," says postdoctoral researcher and co-first author Yi Liu,
'/>"/>

Contact: Gina Kirchweger
Kirchweger@salk.edu
858-453-4100 x1340
Salk Institute
Source:Eurekalert

Page: 1 2 3

Related biology news :

1. Ancient marine invertebrate diversity less explosive than thought
2. Britains last Neanderthals were more sophisticated than we thought
3. Sierra Nevada rose to current height earlier than thought, say Stanford geologists
4. Shell-breaking crabs lived 20 million years earlier than thought
5. Food for thought
6. Food for thought: delivering the promise of food processing
7. Toll of climate change on world food supply could be worse than thought
8. Baiji Dolphin previously thought extinct spotted in the Yangtze River
9. CSHL team traces extensive networks regulating alternative RNA splicing
10. Glypican-3 gene function in regulating body size helps inform novel cancer treatments
11. 2 genes are important key to regulating immune response
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:10/17/2014)... To date, antidotes ... doctors are often limited to supportive therapy such as induced ... of drugs involved. So what can be done if a ... professor Jean-Christophe Leroux from the Institute of Pharmaceutical Sciences at ... "The task was to develop an agent that could eliminate ...
(Date:10/16/2014)... Mary,s Virginia Institute of Marine Science have received ... Agency to identify the streams and wetlands most ... to help local governments and citizens conserve these ... a dataset of tidal-marsh observations first gathered by ... historical baseline can today,s researchers accurately map the ...
(Date:10/16/2014)... challenged conventional thinking on how the bowel lining develops ... how bowel cancer starts. , The researchers produced evidence ... the ,crypts, that are a feature of the bowel ... bowel cancer development, a controversial finding as scientists are ... 3D imaging technologies, Dr Chin Wee Tan and Professor ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):Emergency aid for overdoses 2Emergency aid for overdoses 3EPA grant will help localities conserve headwater wetlands 2EPA grant will help localities conserve headwater wetlands 3Cryptic clues drive new theory of bowel cancer development 2
... experiences trauma or disease, such as muscular dystrophy, ... cells" respond to repair and regenerate the muscle. ... such as muscular dystrophy, which affect muscle stability ... used time-lapse photography to document satellite cell movements ...
... PHILADELPHIA Although acute myeloid leukemia (AML) is relatively ... the risk, according to a recent paper published in ... of the American Association for Cancer Research. Julie ... and clinical research at the University of Minnesota, said ...
... to the poles, and you,ll notice that the ... equator. Move from lowland to mountains, and you,ll ... varied. Ecologists have proposed various explanations for these ... processes. New findings by University of ...
Cached Biology News:Caught on tape: Muscle stem cells captured on video by MU researcher 2Climate change and mountain building led to mammal diversity patterns 2
(Date:10/25/2014)... 24, 2014 Research and Markets ... by Product , Research Area & by End User ... offering. In this report, the global ... research areas, and end users. The product segments of ... instruments & consumables, kits, and reagents. The subsegments of ...
(Date:10/22/2014)... The Americas Inorganic Refrigerants Market report defines and ... analysis and forecast of revenue. , Browse through ... report, to get an idea of the in-depth ... the segmentation in the Americas inorganic refrigerants market, ... , http://www.micromarketmonitor.com/market/americas-inorganic-refrigerants-4191654241.html , Inorganic refrigerants ...
(Date:10/22/2014)... 22, 2014 Currently offering a ... & D Weighing, Rice Lake, and Ohaus, Pipette.com ... . The Sartorius CPA Semi-Micro Balance is ideal ... precise, and user-friendly laboratory balance. , Sartorius is ... their laboratory balances are well known for their ...
(Date:10/22/2014)... 22, 2014 /PRNewswire/ - iCo Therapeutics ("iCo" or "the ... steps for its Oral Amphotericin B program.  The ... in vitro work involving samples from HIV/AIDS ... to complete pre clinical studies and regulatory filings ... clinical trial, utilizing approximately $700,000 of funding and ...
Breaking Biology Technology:Global Epigenetics (VLA, WBA, NBA, RTA, Rotary-Wing Aircraft) Market - Forecast to 2019 2Global Epigenetics (VLA, WBA, NBA, RTA, Rotary-Wing Aircraft) Market - Forecast to 2019 3The Americas Inorganic Refrigerants Market is estimated to grow to $71.6 million by 2018 - New Report by MicroMarket Monitor 2The Americas Inorganic Refrigerants Market is estimated to grow to $71.6 million by 2018 - New Report by MicroMarket Monitor 3Pipette.com Launches the Addition of Sartorius CPA Semi-Micro Balance to Their Product Portfolio with Special Promotional Pricing 2Pipette.com Launches the Addition of Sartorius CPA Semi-Micro Balance to Their Product Portfolio with Special Promotional Pricing 3iCo Therapeutics Announces Advancement of Oral Amphotericin B Program 2iCo Therapeutics Announces Advancement of Oral Amphotericin B Program 3
... in a hexagonal, chicken wire structure holds great ... conductive, graphene may one day replace conventional silicon microchips, ... In addition to potential applications in integrated circuits, solar ... material has attracted the attention of physicists for its ...
... Inc. (NYSE Amex: NBS ), an international biopharmaceutical company ... will present on a panel at the 31st Annual Cowen Group ... March 7, 2011 at 1 PM and Dr. Robin Smith, the ... at 10:15 AM. The Conference will be held at the Boston ...
... Corporation (Nasdaq: VOLC ), a leading developer ... enhance the diagnosis and treatment of coronary and peripheral ... market the Eagle Eye® Platinum digital IVUS catheter in ... PCI Live Demonstration Course in Kurashiki, which starts on ...
Cached Biology Technology:Probing atomic chicken wire 2Probing atomic chicken wire 3Probing atomic chicken wire 4NeoStem to Present at Cowen Group 31st Annual Health Care Conference on March 7 and 8 2NeoStem to Present at Cowen Group 31st Annual Health Care Conference on March 7 and 8 3Volcano Announces the Introduction of the Eagle Eye® Platinum Digital IVUS Catheter at the 20th PCI Live Demonstration Course in Kurashiki 2Volcano Announces the Introduction of the Eagle Eye® Platinum Digital IVUS Catheter at the 20th PCI Live Demonstration Course in Kurashiki 3
Recommended for supporting the growth of anchorage-dependent cells including human and mouse stromal cells, mesenchymal cells and cell lines....
... number is a new product ... Cornings product number. If showing ... under the old Sigma-Aldrich number ... for assistance. ID clarifier: cap, ...
Extremely high efficiency packaging extracts useful for transfecting our EpiFOS™ or CopyControl™ Fosmids, or any DNA vector with cos sites. A tremendous value when conpared to the competition...
... General description: Workstation for PCR set-up ... 96 MicroWell format to hold 0.2 ml PCR tubes, ... compatible with automated handling systems Removable tray ... Compatible with V-bottom 0.2 ml tube block thermal ...
Biology Products: