Navigation Links
First estimate of total viruses in mammals
Date:9/2/2013

To address the challenges of describing and estimating virodiversity, a team of investigators from CII and EcoHealth Alliance began in jungles of Bangladesh -- home to the flying fox. These bats are the largest flying mammal with a wingspan of up to 6 feet; they are also the source of several outbreaks of Nipah virus. The team collected 1,897 biological samples from the animals, which were captured and released. Back in the lab, they used polymerase chain reaction to identify 55 viruses in nine viral families. Of these, only five were previously known, including two human bocaviruses, an avian adenovirus, a human/bovine betacoronavirus, and an avian gammacoronavirus. Another 50 were newly discovered, including 10 in the same family as Nipah. Next the researchers adapted a statistical technique from the field of ecology to estimate that there were another three rare viruses unaccounted for in the samples, upping the estimate of viruses in the flying fox to 58. Finally, this number was extrapolated to all 5,486 known mammals, yielding a total of at least 320,000 viruses.

A Relative Bargain

The researchers then repeated the exercise for cost, extrapolating from an estimated $1.2 million for surveillance, sampling, and discovery of all 58 flying fox viruses to come up with a total of $6.3 billion for all mammals. Given the disproportionate cost of discovering rare viruses, they showed that limiting discovery to 85% of estimated viral diversity would bring the cost down to $1.4 billion.

"By contrast, the economic impact of the SARS pandemic is calculated to be $16 billion," says Dr. Anthony. "We're not saying that this undertaking would prevent another outbreak like SARS. Nonetheless, what we learn from exploring global viral diversity could mitigate outbreaks by facilitating better surveillance and rapid diagnostic testing."

"If we know what's out there, we'll be a lot better prepared when a virus jumps over into a human pop
'/>"/>

Contact: Timothy S. Paul
tp2111@columbia.edu
212-305-2676
Columbia University's Mailman School of Public Health
Source:Eurekalert

Page: 1 2 3 4

Related biology news :

1. 23andMe conducts the first genetic study of non-syndromic striae distensae (stretch marks)
2. First update in a century in testing drugs for elemental impurities
3. BluStor Introduces the Worlds First Platform to Protect the Full Stream of Mobile Security: Device, User, And Data
4. Elsevier launches first video journal in gastrointestinal endoscopy
5. Mount Sinai researchers develop first successful laboratory model for studying hepatitis C
6. Nice organisms finish first: Why cooperators always win in the long run
7. First human tests of new biosensor that warns when athletes are about to hit the wall
8. U of M researchers unveil nations first porcine virus rapid detection test
9. A first in front line immunity research
10. First global atlas of marine plankton reveals remarkable underwater world
11. Registration is Open for First Ever Mushrooms and Health Summit
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:12/10/2014)... , December 9, 2014 ... ITN,s BCARD Platform   ... enterprise meeting scheduling solutions for business-to-business (B2B) events, ... world leader in mobile near-field communication (NFC), Bluetooth ...      (Logo: http://photos.prnewswire.com/prnh/20140612/691055) , Jifflenow ...
(Date:12/5/2014)... -- Tute Genomics, a leader in cloud-based solutions for genome ... led by UK-based Eurovestech. Peak Ventures and a number ... "We are at a pivotal time in ... seeks new approaches for the diagnosis, treatment and prevention ... and CEO of Tute Genomics. "One of the main ...
(Date:12/3/2014)... 2014   Marvin Test Solutions , a ... for military, aerospace, and manufacturing organizations, today announced ... TS-900 PXI semiconductor test platform . The ... systems to customers at a fraction of the ... ATE. "Our semiconductor customers asked ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):Jifflenow And ITN International Bring Cutting-Edge Badge Scanning Technology To B2B Events 2Jifflenow And ITN International Bring Cutting-Edge Badge Scanning Technology To B2B Events 3Tute Genomics Raises $2.3 Million to Scale Up Cloud-Based Genome Analytics and Accelerate Personalized Medicine 2Tute Genomics Raises $2.3 Million to Scale Up Cloud-Based Genome Analytics and Accelerate Personalized Medicine 3Marvin Test Solutions Brings New Capabilities to PXI-Based Semiconductor Test with TS-960 2Marvin Test Solutions Brings New Capabilities to PXI-Based Semiconductor Test with TS-960 3
... Methanosarcina acetivorans lives off everything it can metabolize ... is not yet clear. Scientists at the Ruhr-Universitt Bochum ... USA have identified a protein that might act as ... and found both similarities and differences to the system ...
... animal research published in Biological Psychiatry suggests ... learning that is important clinically. Selective serotonin reuptake ... widely used to treat depression, as well as a ... drugs on learning and memory are poorly understood. ...
... In India most people who are HIV positive don,t ... available. It would therefore meet international standards of cost-effectiveness ... every person in the billion-plus population every five years according ... One . The findings are based on a careful ...
Cached Biology News:How Archaea might find their food 2Do antidepressants impair the ability to extinguish fear? 2Cost-effective: Universal HIV testing in India 2Cost-effective: Universal HIV testing in India 3Cost-effective: Universal HIV testing in India 4
(Date:12/19/2014)... Today, TiFiber, Inc. announced ... and future company headquarters in Fort Smith, Arkansas ... that safely and effectively control dangerous microorganisms. Fort ... historic, strong support for manufacturing, but also due ... technology-based companies such as TiFiber. , In ...
(Date:12/19/2014)... In contrast to traditional LED lights where ... Valoya uses proprietary LED technology to incorporate their spectra ... which is critical in low proximity installations. The Valoya ... its lifetime which is up to four times longer ... investment cost was clearly higher when compared to traditional ...
(Date:12/19/2014)... , Dec. 18, 2014   ISN ... & Safety Performance Indicators publication series. With ... of activity reported in 2013 within its online contractor ... and safety key performance indicator (KPI) statistics. ... Clients, U.S. publication is available in two ...
(Date:12/17/2014)... TX (PRWEB) December 17, 2014 Achim ... and administration for Stoller Group. In this position, Noack ... Group, on administrative matters, develop marketing strategy and supervise ... services. , “Achim has tremendous knowledge and experience ... of Stoller Group. “His experience and innovative thinking will ...
Breaking Biology Technology:Technology Company TiFiber™ to Establish Production Facility in Fort Smith, Arkansas with Support from Local Investors 2Technology Company TiFiber™ to Establish Production Facility in Fort Smith, Arkansas with Support from Local Investors 3Technology Company TiFiber™ to Establish Production Facility in Fort Smith, Arkansas with Support from Local Investors 4ISN Releases Third Edition of US Contractor Health & Safety Performance Indicators Publication Series 2ISN Releases Third Edition of US Contractor Health & Safety Performance Indicators Publication Series 3Achim Noack Joins Stoller Group as Global Vice President of Marketing and Administration 2
... Oncology Inc., a molecular diagnostics company specializing in ... for gynecologic cancer, announced today that it has ... The Moffitt Cancer Center, the only National Cancer ... agreement provides OvaGene with exclusive worldwide rights to ...
... Codexis, Inc. (Nasdaq: CDXS ) today ... and Chief Marketing Officer.  In this new position, Mr. ... and communications.  He will report to Alan Shaw, Ph.D., ... is a widely recognized marketing executive in the global ...
... Dec. 2, 2011  Immune Design Corp. announced today ... as its new Chief Development Officer.  Dr. Gombotz ... to this key leadership position at Immune Design. ... Immune Design,s therapeutic vaccine product candidates. ...
Cached Biology Technology:OvaGene Oncology Collaborates With Moffitt Cancer Center to Develop and Commercialize microRNAs Associated With Chemotherapeutic Drug Response 2OvaGene Oncology Collaborates With Moffitt Cancer Center to Develop and Commercialize microRNAs Associated With Chemotherapeutic Drug Response 3Codexis Names Wes Bolsen VP and Chief Marketing Officer 2Immune Design Corp. Appoints Wayne R. Gombotz, Ph.D. as Chief Development Officer 2
... Many modifications of Eagle's medium ... original formulation. The most widely ... Eagle's,Medium. DME is a modification ... [MEM] that contains a higher ...
... The EpiTect Bisulfite Kit enables ... uracils in less than 6 hours. ... innovative protection against DNA degradation and ... to guarantee fast and reliable results ...
Rabbit polyclonal antibody to Glutathione-S-Transferase (GST)...
... gold standard for automated bioresearch: Developed ... applications • Based on decades of ... accessories designed for bioresearch • Holographic ... Versatility, reliability and ease-of-use • Pulsed ...
Biology Products: