Navigation Links
First estimate of total viruses in mammals
Date:9/2/2013

To address the challenges of describing and estimating virodiversity, a team of investigators from CII and EcoHealth Alliance began in jungles of Bangladesh -- home to the flying fox. These bats are the largest flying mammal with a wingspan of up to 6 feet; they are also the source of several outbreaks of Nipah virus. The team collected 1,897 biological samples from the animals, which were captured and released. Back in the lab, they used polymerase chain reaction to identify 55 viruses in nine viral families. Of these, only five were previously known, including two human bocaviruses, an avian adenovirus, a human/bovine betacoronavirus, and an avian gammacoronavirus. Another 50 were newly discovered, including 10 in the same family as Nipah. Next the researchers adapted a statistical technique from the field of ecology to estimate that there were another three rare viruses unaccounted for in the samples, upping the estimate of viruses in the flying fox to 58. Finally, this number was extrapolated to all 5,486 known mammals, yielding a total of at least 320,000 viruses.

A Relative Bargain

The researchers then repeated the exercise for cost, extrapolating from an estimated $1.2 million for surveillance, sampling, and discovery of all 58 flying fox viruses to come up with a total of $6.3 billion for all mammals. Given the disproportionate cost of discovering rare viruses, they showed that limiting discovery to 85% of estimated viral diversity would bring the cost down to $1.4 billion.

"By contrast, the economic impact of the SARS pandemic is calculated to be $16 billion," says Dr. Anthony. "We're not saying that this undertaking would prevent another outbreak like SARS. Nonetheless, what we learn from exploring global viral diversity could mitigate outbreaks by facilitating better surveillance and rapid diagnostic testing."

"If we know what's out there, we'll be a lot better prepared when a virus jumps over into a human pop
'/>"/>

Contact: Timothy S. Paul
tp2111@columbia.edu
212-305-2676
Columbia University's Mailman School of Public Health
Source:Eurekalert

Page: 1 2 3 4

Related biology news :

1. 23andMe conducts the first genetic study of non-syndromic striae distensae (stretch marks)
2. First update in a century in testing drugs for elemental impurities
3. BluStor Introduces the Worlds First Platform to Protect the Full Stream of Mobile Security: Device, User, And Data
4. Elsevier launches first video journal in gastrointestinal endoscopy
5. Mount Sinai researchers develop first successful laboratory model for studying hepatitis C
6. Nice organisms finish first: Why cooperators always win in the long run
7. First human tests of new biosensor that warns when athletes are about to hit the wall
8. U of M researchers unveil nations first porcine virus rapid detection test
9. A first in front line immunity research
10. First global atlas of marine plankton reveals remarkable underwater world
11. Registration is Open for First Ever Mushrooms and Health Summit
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:7/30/2015)... MOUNTAIN VIEW, Calif. , July 30, 2015 ... products and services for gene function analysis and ... CRISPR Guide RNA (sgRNA) Knockout Library targeting all ... to specifically and permanently "knock out" a gene,s ... library provides a high throughput screening tool so ...
(Date:7/23/2015)... July 23, 2015 Aware, Inc. (NASDAQ: AWRE ... reported financial results for its second quarter ended June 30, ... 2015 was $4.5 million, a decrease of 33% compared to ... in the second quarter of 2015 was $0.3 million, or ... $0.04 per diluted share, in the same period a year ...
(Date:7/21/2015)... Connecticut , July 21, 2015  NXT-ID, ... "Company"), a biometric authentication company focused on the ... Wocket® smart wallet, announces that it has filed ... System and Method. This invention ... not only authorizes an account, but also the ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):CELLECTA, INC. Announces Launch of Human Whole Genome CRISPR Knockout Library 2Aware, Inc. Reports Second Quarter 2015 Financial Results 2Aware, Inc. Reports Second Quarter 2015 Financial Results 3Aware, Inc. Reports Second Quarter 2015 Financial Results 4Aware, Inc. Reports Second Quarter 2015 Financial Results 5Aware, Inc. Reports Second Quarter 2015 Financial Results 6NXT-ID Patents Personalized Tokenized Payments for Next Generation Secure Payment Technology 2NXT-ID Patents Personalized Tokenized Payments for Next Generation Secure Payment Technology 3NXT-ID Patents Personalized Tokenized Payments for Next Generation Secure Payment Technology 4
... pair of proteins that work in concert to restart the ... The Hawley Lab has described the dual actions ... awakens the long-dormant egg, allowing for production of a mature ... 4, 2007 issue of PLoS Biology. The long ...
... from the John Innes Centre have proven that by ... and delivering it with an existing antibiotic they can ... transfer company PBL, the scientists have launched a spin-out ... The DNA sequence acts as a decoy, disrupting gene ...
... severe weather and climate change joined forces to study ... severe storms in the future and discovered a dramatic ... the United States. The Purdue University-led team used ... formation of severe thunderstorms - those that produce flooding, ...
Cached Biology News:Stowers Institute's Hawley Lab identifies factors responsible for restart of meiotic cycle 2Decoy makes sitting duck of superbugs 2Research forecasts increased chances for stormy weather 2Research forecasts increased chances for stormy weather 3Research forecasts increased chances for stormy weather 4Research forecasts increased chances for stormy weather 5
(Date:7/30/2015)... , July 30, 2015 AACC ... to the 2015 AACC Annual Meeting & Clinical ... from July 26–30. The meeting showcased revolutionary advancements ... the ability of healthcare providers to diagnose patients ... effective medical treatment. As of ...
(Date:7/30/2015)... VANCOUVER, Washington , July 30, 2015 ... "Biosimulation Market, by Product (Software, Molecular Modeling, PB/PK, PKPD, ... (Drug Discovery & Development, Preclinical, Clinical Trial), by End ... the Biosimulation Market is expected to reach USD 2,107.99 ... at a CAGR of 15.29%. Browse ...
(Date:7/30/2015)... globe, ISN improves the efficiency and effectiveness of contractor management systems. ISN,s online contractor ... in over 80 countries. ... ... Over 60,000 Worldwide Customers In More Than 80 Countries ... Dallas, TX , ISN has additional offices in Calgary , ...
(Date:7/30/2015)... ... 30, 2015 , ... As part of its 2015 growth plan and as a follow up ... business units, Whitehouse Laboratories is pleased to announce that it has begun construction on ... of Excellence and will be strictly dedicated to basic USP 51, USP 61, and USP ...
Breaking Biology Technology:Innovative Research on Cancer, Heart Disease, and Infectious Diseases Draws More than 17,500 Attendees to 2015 AACC Annual Meeting 2Innovative Research on Cancer, Heart Disease, and Infectious Diseases Draws More than 17,500 Attendees to 2015 AACC Annual Meeting 3Innovative Research on Cancer, Heart Disease, and Infectious Diseases Draws More than 17,500 Attendees to 2015 AACC Annual Meeting 4Biosimulation Market Worth 2,107.99 Million USD by 2020 2Biosimulation Market Worth 2,107.99 Million USD by 2020 3Biosimulation Market Worth 2,107.99 Million USD by 2020 4ISN Reaches Over 60,000 Worldwide Customers 2ISN Reaches Over 60,000 Worldwide Customers 3Whitehouse Labs Formally Announces Plans to Open a Microbiological Laboratory 2
... VIENNA, Va., June 4 In response to ... is providing an,update on the construction of its ... built out, will comprise 73,000 square,feet and will ... product. This dedicated facility will produce the Multikine ...
... Research, MELVILLE, N.Y., June 4 ... University,s Feinberg School of,Medicine announced the opening ... a partnership that brings improved research,capabilities to ... development. One of only three such centers ...
... (OTC Bulletin Board: BSTC.OB) today announced that it,sold ... at $13 per,share with aggregate proceeds to BioSpecifics ... group on May 30, 2008. The shares were ... premium over the market price., BioSpecifics Technologies ...
Cached Biology Technology:CEL-SCI CORPORATION Manufacturing Facility for Pivotal Phase III Cancer Trial Scheduled to Be Completed During 2008 Third Quarter 2CEL-SCI CORPORATION Manufacturing Facility for Pivotal Phase III Cancer Trial Scheduled to Be Completed During 2008 Third Quarter 3Nikon Instruments Opens New Imaging Center at Northwestern University 2Nikon Instruments Opens New Imaging Center at Northwestern University 3
Monoclonal mouse antibody for immunihistology, clone AD12, Isotype IgG 1, purified, specific for rat pyruvatekinase type L, no cross-reactivities with other pyruvate kinase isoenzymes have been obser...
For testing the AQUA technique on your MS instruments....
A robust formulation of Taq Polymerase supplied with a 10X colored reaction buffer which allows Direct Gel-Loading...
... Dinitro-5,5'-dithiodibenzoic acid , DTNB , Ellman's reagent ... , *CAS-No.: 69-78-3 *Storage: RT, ... a reactive grouping not present in the substrate, ... which will react directly with the product to ...
Biology Products: