Navigation Links
Fertilizer use responsible for increase in nitrous oxide in atmosphere
Date:4/2/2012

University of California, Berkeley, chemists have found a smoking gun proving that increased fertilizer use over the past 50 years is responsible for a dramatic rise in atmospheric nitrous oxide, which is a major greenhouse gas contributing to global climate change.

Climate scientists have assumed that the cause of the increased nitrous oxide was nitrogen-based fertilizer, which stimulates microbes in the soil to convert nitrogen to nitrous oxide at a faster rate than normal.

The new study, reported in the April issue of the journal Nature Geoscience, uses nitrogen isotope data to identify the unmistakable fingerprint of fertilizer use in archived air samples from Antarctica and Tasmania.

"Our study is the first to show empirically from the data at hand alone that the nitrogen isotope ratio in the atmosphere and how it has changed over time is a fingerprint of fertilizer use," said study leader Kristie Boering, a UC Berkeley professor of chemistry and of earth and planetary science.

"We are not vilifying fertilizer. We can't just stop using fertilizer," she added. "But we hope this study will contribute to changes in fertilizer use and agricultural practices that will help to mitigate the release of nitrous oxide into the atmosphere."

Since the year 1750, nitrous oxide levels have risen 20 percent from below 270 parts per billion (ppb) to more than 320 ppb. After carbon dioxide and methane, nitrous oxide (N2O) is the most potent greenhouse gas, trapping heat and contributing to global warming. It also destroys stratospheric ozone, which protects the planet from harmful ultraviolet rays.

Not surprisingly, a steep ramp-up in atmospheric nitrous oxide coincided with the green revolution that increased dramatically in the 1960s, when inexpensive, synthetic fertilizer and other developments boosted food production worldwide, feeding a burgeoning global population.

Tracking the origin of nitrous
'/>"/>

Contact: Robert Sanders
rsanders@berkeley.edu
510-643-6998
University of California - Berkeley
Source:Eurekalert

Page: 1 2 3 4

Related biology news :

1. National Science Foundation supports research aimed at reducing the use of fertilizer
2. Nitrogen fertilizers impact on lawn soils
3. 400,000 farmers in southern Africa using fertilizer trees to improve food security
4. Chicken litter provides organic alternative to synthetic fertilizers
5. High nitrogen fertilizers tested on post-transplant ornamentals
6. Charcoal biofilter cleans up fertilizer waste gases
7. Fertilizer chemicals linked to animal developmental woes
8. Discovery in legumes could reduce fertilizer use, aid environment: Stanford researchers
9. Fertilizer use not always helpful in revegetation efforts
10. Sustainable fertilizer: Urine and wood ash produce large harvest
11. Water quality improves after lawn fertilizer ban, study shows
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:4/15/2014)... Biologists at UC San Diego have succeeded in ... hormone responsible for growth and resistance to drought. ... studies to determine how the hormone helps plants ... by the continuing increase in the atmosphere,s carbon ... achievement appears in the April 15 issue of ...
(Date:4/15/2014)... Looking at the question of how social behavior has ... universities in Mainz and Basel have gained new insights ... simply compete for food. Rather the siblings share what ... absent," explained Dr. Jol Meunier of the Evolutionary Biology ... University of Mainz (JGU). The team of biologists from ...
(Date:4/15/2014)... (April 15, 2014) The American Association of Anatomists ... All awards will be presented during the Closing ... Hotel on Tuesday, April 29th at 7:30 p.m. during ... , The 2014 award winners are: , ... PhD, of the Icahn School of Medicine at Mount ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):Biologists develop nanosensors to visualize movements and distribution of plant hormone 2Sibling cooperation in earwig families gives clues to early evolution of social behavior 2American Association of Anatomists 2014 award winners 2
... Spanish scientists have analysed the temperature and salt levels of ... the evolution of each variable. Their research shows that, since ... hotter and saltier, and that, since the 1990s, this process ... deep layer of the Western Mediterranean increases by 0.002C, and ...
... Miami (UM) has been selected to receive a $1.4 ... to strengthen the UM undergraduate science education program. The ... will use the resources to help attract first-generation college ... sciences to pursue careers in science. , "HHMI ...
... of Oxford and Royal Holloway University of London have discovered that ... works best if applied to young plants and is enhanced by ... (20 May) in the open-access journal PLoS Pathogens . ... is a common method for controlling a variety of insect ...
Cached Biology News:Temperature and salt levels of the Western Mediterranean are on the increase 2UM receives 5th consecutive Howard Hughes Medical Institute grant for science education 2Study uncovers optimal ecology of bioinsecticide 2
(Date:1/15/2014)... January 15, 2014 This webinar ... on nonclinical and clinical safety assessment in biosimilars. ... guide a path for biosimilar drug development, however ... of biosimilarity with regards to quality, safety and ... of biosimilar drug development and registration, development strategies ...
(Date:1/15/2014)... NC (PRWEB) January 15, 2014 ... an enhancement to its Online Web Portal for Life ... now have the ability to specify the subject matter ... nearly 50 life science sub-domains. This will help reduce ... and scientific fields, and decrease the likelihood of error. ...
(Date:1/14/2014)... Doylestown, PA (PRWEB) January 14, 2014 ... – 11 p.m. , Location: Warrington Country Club, 1360 ... Hepatitis B Foundation, the only national nonprofit organization solely ... improving the quality of life for those affected worldwide, ... 11 at Warrington Country Club in Warrington, Pa. ...
(Date:1/14/2014)... York, NY (PRWEB) January 14, 2014 ... initiated coverage of Alliqua, Inc. (OTCQB: ALQA). Alliqua ... and marketing proprietary products to serve the wound ... , In late 2012, Alliqua was restructured ... launched the company’s new strategy to become a ...
Breaking Biology Technology:Xtalks Life Sciences Webinar Examines Safety Assessment of Biosimilars 2DTS Improves Efficiency for Life Science Document Translations 2Hepatitis B Foundation to Host Annual Crystal Ball Gala 2EquitiesIQ Initiates Coverage of Alliqua, Inc. 2EquitiesIQ Initiates Coverage of Alliqua, Inc. 3
... BioSpecifics Technologies Corp. (OTC Bulletin Board: BSTC), a ... today announced that it has received notification from The ... been approved for listing on the NASDAQ Global Market. ... 2009 on NASDAQ at market open under the symbol ...
... 6 /PRNewswire-FirstCall/ - SemBioSys Genetics Inc. (TSX:SBS), a ... today announced it has received US$2,500,000 from MannKind ... the option agreement and issuance of 2,400,000 units ... The transaction provides MannKind with the option to ...
... Star Scientific (Nasdaq :STSI) announced today that its ... its Star Tobacco, Inc. subsidiary, recently completed a ... dissolvable smokeless tobacco to relieve cigarette withdrawal symptoms ... (NRT). The study, which included 49 cigarette smokers, ...
Cached Biology Technology:BioSpecifics Technologies Corp. Announces Listing on NASDAQ Global Market 2SemBioSys receives US$2.5 million from option agreement with MannKind for plant-produced insulin 2SemBioSys receives US$2.5 million from option agreement with MannKind for plant-produced insulin 3Star Scientific Announces Successful Completion of Product Satisfaction Study - Results Show Potential for Development and Manufacturing of New Pharmaceutical Product for Smoking and Smokeless Tobacco Cessation 2Star Scientific Announces Successful Completion of Product Satisfaction Study - Results Show Potential for Development and Manufacturing of New Pharmaceutical Product for Smoking and Smokeless Tobacco Cessation 3Star Scientific Announces Successful Completion of Product Satisfaction Study - Results Show Potential for Development and Manufacturing of New Pharmaceutical Product for Smoking and Smokeless Tobacco Cessation 4
...
Rabbit polyclonal antibody to NMDA NR2B [Tyr1336]...
ImmunoPure Plus Immobilized Protein G, , , , Support: Cross-linked 6%, beaded agarose , Capacity: > 20 mg human IgG/ml of gel ...
Mouse monoclonal antibody to FMN2 - formin 2...
Biology Products: