Navigation Links
Extreme weather, climate and the carbon cycle
Date:8/14/2013

Extreme weather and climate events like storms, heavy precipitation and droughts and heat waves prevent the update of 3 giga-tonnes of carbon by the global vegetation. A team of scientists under the lead of Markus Reichstein, Director of the Max Planck Institute for Biogeochemistry in Jena, Germany, investigated the effect of extremes on the carbon cycle from the terrestrial ecosystem perspective for the first time. In the current issue of Nature (14th of August 2013), they use Earth observation methods and numerical models to show that especially extreme droughts lead to a strong reduction in the carbon sequestration of forests, grass- and croplands. This reduction in the regional and global carbon uptake has the potential to influence the global climate. Especially large scale events like the heat wave in western and southern Europe in the year 2003 provide the evidence that such extremes events have a much stronger and long lasting impact on the carbon cycle than expected so far.

One part of the question is the response of arable ecosystems: plants take up carbondioxide, soils are an important storage for the carbon produced by plants, which they release driven by increasing temperature. However, in the case of croplands we observe a complex interplay of these natural processes with the human management either increasing or reducing the impacts of an event. "In general the timing of an event in the course of the development of crops clearly influences the magnitude of the impact on the carbon cycle. Extreme temperature in spring can foster growth, prevent pollination, or have no effect at all, depending on when they appear in the cropping cycle and the type of crop" says Martin Wattenbach from the GFZ German Research Centre for Geosciences, who contributed to this part of the study. "Rice yields are reduced when temperatures rise above 37C, but only in the short period of pollination in spring"

It is possible for farmers to mitigate extremes like droughts and heat waves by, for example, irrigation. However, they are limited by the amount of water available at the time of the event and their technical resources. Since information on spatial and temporal patterns of management practise such as irrigation and annual crop distribution during an extreme event are largely unknown, the demand for further research remains very high. In addition to this part of the carbon cycle playing a relevant role in climate, the long term supply with agricultural produce may also be affected.


'/>"/>

Contact: F.Ossing
ossing@gfz-potsdam.de
49-331-288-1040
Helmholtz Association
Source:Eurekalert

Related biology news :

1. Survival of the fittest -- ESF hosts session on the challenges of life in extreme environments
2. Microbiologists can now measure extremely slow life
3. Extreme weather threatens rich ecosystems
4. CU-Boulder-led team finds microbes in extreme environment on South American volcanoes
5. AGU: Unique microbes found in extreme environment
6. Antioxidant shown to reduce blindness risk in extremely premature babies
7. Exome sequencing of health condition extremes can reveal susceptibility genes
8. Newfound gene may help bacteria survive in extreme environments
9. Research links extreme summer heat events to global warming
10. Warming causes more extreme shifts of the Southern Hemispheres largest rain band
11. UK butterfly populations threatened by extreme drought and landscape fragmentation
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:12/15/2016)... 2016   WaferGen Bio-systems, Inc. (NASDAQ: ... announced today that on December 13, 2016, it received ... Nasdaq Stock Market LLC which acknowledged that, as of ... common stock had been at $1.00 or greater for ... with Listing Rule 5550(a)(2) of the Nasdaq Stock Market. ...
(Date:12/15/2016)... "Increase in mobile transactions is driving the ... market is expected to grow from USD 4.03 billion ... a CAGR of 29.3% between 2016 and 2022. The ... demand for smart devices, government initiatives, and increasing penetration ... is expected to grow at a high rate during ...
(Date:12/7/2016)... According to a new market research report "Emotion Detection and Recognition ... Service, Application Area, End User, And Region - Global Forecast to 2021", published ... in 2016 to USD 36.07 Billion by 2021, at a Compound Annual Growth ... ... MarketsandMarkets Logo ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):
(Date:1/13/2017)... Research and Markets has announced the addition of the "Global ... ... CAGR of 16.83% during the period 2017-2021. The report ... market for 2017-2021. To calculate the market size, the report considers the ... also includes a a discussion of the key vendors operating in this ...
(Date:1/12/2017)... (PRWEB) , ... January 12, ... ... USING VTI’S INTERFUSE® IS A SUCCESS , VTI, Vertebral Technologies, Inc., announces ... the InterFuse® laterally expandable device. Since September 2016, VTI (Vertebral Technologies, Inc.) ...
(Date:1/12/2017)... ... January 12, 2017 , ... ... treatments, 26-year-old Lisa Rosendahl’s doctors gave her only a few months to live. ... drug combination that has stabilized Rosendahl’s disease and increased both the quantity and ...
(Date:1/12/2017)... -- The report "Direct-Fed Microbials Market by Type (Lactic Acid Bacteria and Bacillus), ... - Global Forecast to 2022", published by MarketsandMarkets, the global market is estimated ... USD 1,399.6 Million by 2022, at a CAGR of 6.96% from 2016. ... ... MarketsandMarkets Logo ...
Breaking Biology Technology: