Navigation Links
Effects of climate change to further degrade fisheries resources: UBC researchers
Date:11/20/2011

A new study led by University of British Columbia researchers reveals how the effect of climate change can further impact the economic viability of current fisheries practices.

"Fisheries are already providing fewer fish and making less money than they could if we curbed overfishing," says Rashid Sumaila, principal investigator of the Fisheries Economics Research Unit at UBC and lead author of the study. "We could be earning interest, but instead we're fishing away the capital. Climate change is likely to cause more losses unless we choose to act."

Partly supported by the Pew Charitable Trusts, National Geographic, the World Bank and U.S. National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, the study is a broad view of the impact of climate change on fisheries and their profitability. It is published online today in the journal Nature Climate Change.

Over the last century the ocean has become warmer and more acidic. Other human-led factors, such as pollution and overfishing, have also been hard on marine species. With ocean warming, many species will move further towards the poles and into deeper water.

While fisheries in a few regions, such as the far north, may benefit from climate change, many other regions, particularly those in the tropics, can expect losses in revenues. Regional examples can help inform what could happen globally. For example, the reduction in landings of pelagic fisheries in Peru as a result of changes in sea surface temperature during the 1997-1998 El Nio event caused more than US$26 million of revenue loss.

"Changes in temperature and ocean chemistry directly affect the physiology, growth, reproduction and distribution of these organisms," says William Cheung, a biologist at the UBC Fisheries Centre. "Fish in warmer waters will probably have a smaller body size, be smaller at first maturity, with higher mortality rates and be caught in different areas. These are important factors when we think of how climate change will impact fisheries."

"This study provides an early glimpse of how climate change might impact the economics of fishing," says Sam Herrick, a NOAA scientist and co-author. "We must continue to study how climate change, combined with other factors, will affect marine ecosystems and the productivity of fishery resources."

Biologically, maintaining more abundant populations can help increase fish's capacity to adapt to environmental change. Curbing overfishing is crucial to making marine systems more robust and ready for changes that are already underway.

"This study highlights the potential negative impacts of climate change on the profitability of fisheries," said Vicky Lam, UBC graduate student and co-author. "The next generation of scientists must put more effort on exploring ways to minimize the impacts of climate change."

Fish stocks will also be more robust to climate change if the combined stresses from overfishing, habitat degradation, pollution runoff, land-use transformation, competing aquatic resource uses and other anthropogenic factors are minimized

"We have to remember that the effect of climate change on the marine environment will occur alongside the impacts on land," says Daniel Pauly, a UBC fisheries biologist and co-author. "It will not be easy to divert resources from one sector to help another sector. This is why a strong governance system is needed to temper the losses on the sectors that are worst hit."

"Governments must be anticipatory, rather than reactive," says Sumaila. "We all need to think more of the future while we act now."


'/>"/>
Contact: Rashid Sumaila
r.sumaila@fisheries.ubc.ca
604-822-0224
University of British Columbia
Source:Eurekalert

Related biology news :

1. New approaches may prevent certain side effects in BRAF mutation-positive melanoma
2. Source found for immune system effects on learning, memory
3. Research links water disinfection byproducts to adverse health effects
4. Researchers discover that same gene has opposite effects in prostate, breast cancers
5. NIH launches research program to explore health effects from climate change
6. Australias endangered bettong reveals how weather effects species distribution
7. Female promiscuity can rescue populations from harmful effects of inbreeding
8. UMass researcher points to suppression of evidence on radiation effects by 1946 Nobel Laureate
9. Effects of prenatal stress passed across generations in mice
10. Earth: 9/11s lingering effects: Tracking the long-term impact of the dust
11. Antioxidant spices reduce negative effects of high-fat meal
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:2/10/2017)... , Feb 10, 2017 ... new report "Personalized Medicine - Scientific and Commercial Aspects" ... ... personalized medicine. Diagnosis is integrated with therapy for selection of ... on early detection and prevention of disease in modern medicine. ...
(Date:2/8/2017)... , Feb. 8, 2017 About Voice Recognition ... to match it against a stored voiceprint template. ... pitch, cadence, and tone are compared to distinguish ... hardware installation, as most PCs already have a ... transactions. Voice recognition biometrics are most likely to ...
(Date:2/8/2017)... , Feb. 7, 2017 Report Highlights ... The global ... reach $11.4 billion by 2021, growing at a compound annual ... - An overview of the global markets for synthetic biology. ... estimates for 2016, and projections of compound annual growth rates ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):
(Date:3/23/2017)...  BioPharmX Corporation (NYSE MKT: BPMX), a specialty ... today reported financial results for the quarter and ... an update on the company,s clinical development efforts ... are pleased to report that last year was ... Anja Krammer. "We achieved key clinical milestones and ...
(Date:3/23/2017)... , March 23, 2017 According to a ... and derivatives market is fragmented due to the presence of a large ... Proliant, Thermo Fisher , and Sigma-Aldrich, compete with each other ... companies, collectively, held more than 76% of this market in 2016.  ... As of now, ...
(Date:3/22/2017)... March 22, 2017 Regeneron Pharmaceuticals, Inc. (NASDAQ: REGN), ... Center (RGC), U.K. Biobank and GSK to generate genetic sequence ... resource. The initiative will enable researchers to gain valuable insights ... a wide range of serious and life threatening diseases. ... Genetic evidence ...
(Date:3/22/2017)... CAMBRIDGE, Mass. , March 22, 2017 ... announced that it has eclipsed the 130 million covered ... Cross Blue Shield of Texas . ... stages, the Company continues to enjoy strong payor acceptance ... of its clinical programs and genetic counseling, its industry-leading ...
Breaking Biology Technology: