Navigation Links
Dietary flexibility may have helped some large predators survive after last ice age
Date:5/8/2013

extent.

The study found that the diets of the large cats were similar in different locations, especially in the post-glacial period. Wolves and bears, in contrast, ate different things in different locations. Prey species on the mammoth steppes included bison, horses, yaks, musk oxen, caribou, and mammoths. The researchers noticed changes in predator diets coinciding with an increase in caribou abundance starting around 20,000 years ago.

"During and after the last glacial maximum, many predators focused their attention on caribou, which had been a marginally important prey resource before then," Yeakel said. "Large cats began concentrating almost solely on caribou in both Alaska and Europe. Wolves and bears also began consuming more caribou in Alaska, but not in Europe."

The cave lions and saber-toothed cats of the mammoth steppes were morphologically similar to modern lions, but they went extinct within the past 10,000 years. There were bears similar to modern bears, as well as the short-faced bear, which was larger than a polar bear and has since gone extinct. Interestingly, the short-faced bear is the only species that did not focus on caribou in the post-glacial period.

After the last ice age, a growing human population coincided with the demise of the mammoths and other large fauna of the mammoth steppes. Many species are still around, however, including wolves and bears. According to Yeakel, studies of past ecosystems can inform scientists' understanding of modern carnivores and their capabilities.

"If you look at wolves today, they are specialist carnivores preying on large herbivores like deer and elk, but when we look in the fossil record we see that wolves are remarkably flexible. Their environment today is fairly artificial compared to when they evolved," he said.

The study found that large-scale patterns of interactions differed between locations, but remained stable over time. In Alaska, there was
'/>"/>

Contact: Tim Stephens
stephens@ucsc.edu
831-459-2495
University of California - Santa Cruz
Source:Eurekalert

Page: 1 2 3

Related biology news :

1. Zebrafish research shows how dietary fat regulates cholesterol absorption
2. Neuroprotective dietary supplements for chronic spinal cord injury
3. Research provides new insights into dogs natural feeding behavior and finds they target a daily dietary intake that is high in fat
4. New health-economic model shows benefits of boosting dietary calcium intake
5. Dietary shifts driving up phosphorus use
6. International study: Excess dietary salt may drive the development of autoimmune diseases
7. Canadians support interventions to reduce dietary salt
8. National survey highlights perceived importance of dietary protein to prevent weight gain
9. 2001-2002 drought helped propel mountain pine beetle epidemic, says CU study
10. Building the European Unions Natura 2000 -- the largest ever network of protected areas
11. Interventional radiology: Potential breakthrough to treat mens enlarged prostate
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:10/15/2014)... Lithuania , Oct. 15, 2014   ... technologies, today announced the availability of the ... VeriLook Surveillance 3.0 provides real-time biometric face identification ... high-resolution digital surveillance cameras. The new version not ... and differentiates people from objects while they are ...
(Date:10/14/2014)... (Oct. 14, 2014)—It,s been millions of years since ... team led by Ohio University scientists is breathing life ... airflow through dinosaur snouts. The research has important implications ... breathe but to enhance the sense of smell and ... animals," said Ohio University doctoral student Jason Bourke, lead ...
(Date:10/14/2014)... Sinai-led research team has discovered a new kind of stem ... cell that lines liver blood vessels, according to a study ... The existence of such a cell type contradicts current theory ... and may hold clues to origins of, and future treatment ... a single cell into a complex being made up of ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):VeriLook Surveillance 3.0 SDK Identifies Faces and Moving Objects, Differentiates Pedestrians from Other Moving Objects in Video Surveillance Systems 2VeriLook Surveillance 3.0 SDK Identifies Faces and Moving Objects, Differentiates Pedestrians from Other Moving Objects in Video Surveillance Systems 3Dinosaur breathing study shows that noses enhanced smelling and cooled brain 2Dinosaur breathing study shows that noses enhanced smelling and cooled brain 3Stem cell discovery challenges dogma on how fetus develops; holds insights for liver cancer and reg 2Stem cell discovery challenges dogma on how fetus develops; holds insights for liver cancer and reg 3
... Indiana University scientists have solved a perplexing mystery ... in the process shedding light on a possible route ... teenagers. The disease occurs when a genetic mutation ... glycogen. Glycogen is a chain-like molecule the body uses ...
... a flying reptile that died 89 million years ago may ... creature known as Pteranodon . Previously, Pteranodon ... Wyoming in the Niobrara and Pierre geological formations. This likely ... found in Texas, according to paleontologist Timothy S. Myers at ...
... a new way to generate human motor nerve cells in a ... team from the Universities of Edinburgh, Cambridge and Cardiff has created ... from the brain and spine to other parts of the body ... is the first time that researchers have been able to generate ...
Cached Biology News:Discovery of source of glycogen 'manufacturing' errors sheds light on fatal disease 2Rare 89 million-year-old flying reptile fossil from Texas may be world's oldest Pteranodon 2Rare 89 million-year-old flying reptile fossil from Texas may be world's oldest Pteranodon 3Rare 89 million-year-old flying reptile fossil from Texas may be world's oldest Pteranodon 4Stem cell study could aid motor neurone disease research 2
(Date:10/18/2014)... The Asia-Pacific Bio-based Advanced Phase Change Materials ... phase change material market in Asia-Pacific with analysis ... TOC of the Asia-Pacific Bio-based Advanced Phase Change ... the in-depth analysis provided. This also provides a ... advanced phase change material market, and is supported ...
(Date:10/18/2014)... October 18, 2014 The Asia-Pacific Liquid ... segments the concerned market in Asia-Pacific with analysis and ... million in 2013, and is expected to reach $380.0 ... 2013 to 2018. , Browse through the TOC of ... idea of the in-depth analysis provided. This also provides ...
(Date:10/18/2014)... 2014 The report " Cloud ... Text; Web; Speech; Machine; Video; Predictive Analytics: Global ... Forecasts & Analysis (2013 - 2018) ", defines ... various sub segments with an in-depth analysis and ... the factors driving this market, various restraints, and ...
(Date:10/17/2014)... and HILDEN, Germany , October ... , Translational research in cancer and other ... at the American Society of Human Genetics annual ... samples linked to Ingenuity ®  Knowledge Base greatly ... analysis  Ingenuity ®  Variant Analysis™ adds ...
Breaking Biology Technology:The Asia-Pacific Bio-based Advanced Phase Change Materials Market is estimated to grow to $39.8 million by 2018 - New Report by MicroMarket Monitor 2The Asia-Pacific Bio-based Advanced Phase Change Materials Market is estimated to grow to $39.8 million by 2018 - New Report by MicroMarket Monitor 3The Asia-Pacific Bio-based Advanced Phase Change Materials Market is estimated to grow to $39.8 million by 2018 - New Report by MicroMarket Monitor 4The Asia-Pacific Liquid Crystal on Silicon (LCoS) display market is expected to reach $380.0 million by 2018 - New Report by MicroMarket Monitor 2The Asia-Pacific Liquid Crystal on Silicon (LCoS) display market is expected to reach $380.0 million by 2018 - New Report by MicroMarket Monitor 3Cloud Analytics Market (by Cloud Business Intelligence & Predictive Analytics) Expected to Cross $16.52 Billion by 2018 - New Report by MarketsandMarkets 2Cloud Analytics Market (by Cloud Business Intelligence & Predictive Analytics) Expected to Cross $16.52 Billion by 2018 - New Report by MarketsandMarkets 3Cloud Analytics Market (by Cloud Business Intelligence & Predictive Analytics) Expected to Cross $16.52 Billion by 2018 - New Report by MarketsandMarkets 4Cloud Analytics Market (by Cloud Business Intelligence & Predictive Analytics) Expected to Cross $16.52 Billion by 2018 - New Report by MarketsandMarkets 5QIAGEN Demonstrates Expanded Bioinformatics Workflows at ASHG; Strong Market Adoption as Researchers Analyze Genomic Data on More Than a Quarter-Million Samples in Secure Private Cloud 2QIAGEN Demonstrates Expanded Bioinformatics Workflows at ASHG; Strong Market Adoption as Researchers Analyze Genomic Data on More Than a Quarter-Million Samples in Secure Private Cloud 3QIAGEN Demonstrates Expanded Bioinformatics Workflows at ASHG; Strong Market Adoption as Researchers Analyze Genomic Data on More Than a Quarter-Million Samples in Secure Private Cloud 4QIAGEN Demonstrates Expanded Bioinformatics Workflows at ASHG; Strong Market Adoption as Researchers Analyze Genomic Data on More Than a Quarter-Million Samples in Secure Private Cloud 5QIAGEN Demonstrates Expanded Bioinformatics Workflows at ASHG; Strong Market Adoption as Researchers Analyze Genomic Data on More Than a Quarter-Million Samples in Secure Private Cloud 6
... Kathy Lu, associate professor of materials science and ... 2011 recipient of the Friedrich Wilhelm Bessel Research ... This award is for scholars, internationally renowned ... than 18 years ago and who are expected ...
... 2011 EIN News has been a world leader in ... monitoring network includes expanded coverage of science & ... that his company is continuing a 15-year expansion of its ... and other decision makers who need quick and comprehensive access ...
... June 1, 2011 Waters Corporation ... new Waters® ACQUITY UPLC® I-Class System, the highest ... separations technology to the next level.  For scientists ... UPLC I-Class features the lowest system dispersion and ...
Cached Biology Technology:Virginia Tech's Kathy Lu receives Humboldt Foundation research award 2Science & Technology News Service Expands Coverage 2Waters Introduces Highest Performing UPLC Ever Engineered - the New ACQUITY UPLC I-Class 2Waters Introduces Highest Performing UPLC Ever Engineered - the New ACQUITY UPLC I-Class 3Waters Introduces Highest Performing UPLC Ever Engineered - the New ACQUITY UPLC I-Class 4
... The CHEMICON MDR1 Shift Assay provides a ... that occur upon transport of MDR1 substrates. Thus, ... extent to which small molecules act as transport ... increased in the presence of MDR1 substrates, the ...
... is a simple high performance method for ... detergents without significant dilution of protein solution. ... the Detergent-OUT Spin column and collect detergent ... is suitable for removing detergents from a ...
... The wide and long ... of Polaroid gel documentation systems. ... holds the camera in place ... that allows photography on the ...
... are derived from Paraffin embedded tissue blocks, ... procedures to ensure the highest quality. Tissues ... one block, sectioned at a thickness of ... Sections are large (3-5 mm in diameter) ...
Biology Products: