Navigation Links
Countering brain chemical could prevent suicides
Date:12/14/2012

EAST LANSING, Mich. --- Researchers have found the first proof that a chemical in the brain called glutamate is linked to suicidal behavior, offering new hope for efforts to prevent people from taking their own lives.

Writing in the journal Neuropsychopharmacology, Michigan State University's Lena Brundin and an international team of co-investigators present the first evidence that glutamate is more active in the brains of people who attempt suicide. Glutamate is an amino acid that sends signals between nerve cells and has long been a suspect in the search for chemical causes of depression.

"The findings are important because they show a mechanism of disease in patients," said Brundin, an associate professor of experimental psychiatry in MSU's College of Human Medicine. "There's been a lot of focus on another neurotransmitter called serotonin for about 40 years now. The conclusion from our paper is that we need to turn some of that focus to glutamate."

Brundin and colleagues examined glutamate activity by measuring quinolinic acid -- which flips a chemical switch that makes glutamate send more signals to nearby cells -- in the spinal fluid of 100 patients in Sweden. About two-thirds of the participants were admitted to a hospital after attempting suicide and the rest were healthy.

They found that suicide attempters had more than twice as much quinolinic acid in their spinal fluid as the healthy people, which indicated increased glutamate signaling between nerve cells. Those who reported the strongest desire to kill themselves also had the highest levels of the acid.

The results also showed decreased quinolinic acid levels among a subset of patients who came back six months later, when their suicidal behavior had ended.

The findings explain why earlier research has pointed to inflammation in the brain as a risk factor for suicide. The body produces quinolinic acid as part of the immune response that creates inflammation.

Brundin said anti-glutamate drugs are still in development, but could soon offer a promising tool for preventing suicide. In fact, recent clinical studies have shown the anesthetic ketamine -- which inhibits glutamate signaling -- to be extremely effective in fighting depression, though its side effects prevent it from being used widely today.

In the meantime, Brundin said physicians should be aware of inflammation as a likely trigger for suicidal behavior. She is partnering with doctors in Grand Rapids, Mich., to design clinical trials using anti-inflammatory drugs.

"In the future, it's likely that blood samples from suicidal and depressive patients will be screened for inflammation," Brundin said. "It is important that primary health care physicians and psychiatrists work closely together on this."


'/>"/>

Contact: Andy McGlashen
andy.mcglashen@cabs.msu.edu
517-355-5158
Michigan State University
Source:Eurekalert

Related biology news :

1. MicroRNA-218 targets medulloblastoma, most aggressive childhood brain cancer
2. Pan-European organizations call for an advanced understanding of the human brain
3. Does the brain become unglued in autism?
4. How the common cat parasite gets into the brain
5. Research shows immune system response is detrimental to novel brain cancer therapy
6. Musical duets lock brains as well as rhythms
7. Double duty: Immune system regulator found to protect brain from effects of stroke
8. University of Maryland School of Medicine, NIH study pinpoints brain areas role in learning
9. Multiple sclerosis immune exchange between brain and blood is uncovered
10. A 3-D light switch for the brain
11. Neurons made from stem cells drive brain activity after transplantation in laboratory model
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:4/3/2017)... , April 3, 2017  Data ... precision engineering platform, detected a statistically significant ... product prior to treatment and objective response ... the potential to predict whether cancer patients ... to treatment, as well as to improve ...
(Date:3/28/2017)... March 28, 2017 The report ... (Camera, Monitors, Servers, Storage Devices), Software (Video Analytics, VMS), ... - Global Forecast to 2022", published by MarketsandMarkets, the ... and is projected to reach USD 75.64 Billion by ... 2022. The base year considered for the study is ...
(Date:3/23/2017)... DUBLIN , Mar. 23, 2017 Research ... Anti-Theft System Market Analysis & Trends - Industry Forecast to 2025" ... ... to grow at a CAGR of around 8.8% over the next ... This industry report analyzes the market estimates and forecasts for all ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):
(Date:4/20/2017)... HACKENSACK, N.J. and PETACH TIKVAH, Israel ... (NASDAQ: BCLI), a leading developer of adult stem cell technologies ... Chief Executive Officer, will present at the Alliance for Regenerative ... Investor Day on Thursday, April 27, 2017 at 09:40 EDT ... Dr. Ralph Kern , MD, MHSc, Chief Medical Officer ...
(Date:4/19/2017)... ... 2017 , ... A number of new instruments have recently emerged to accommodate ... Protein and Cell Analysis Education Webinar Series , will focus on advances in ... and future applications. , Many flow cytometers have unique capabilities and the Attune ...
(Date:4/19/2017)... ... 2017 , ... Nobilis Therapeutics Announces Completion of Landmark NBTX-001 Clinical ... in its Upcoming Post Traumatic Stress Disorder Trial , Nobilis Therapeutics, Inc. ... efficacy of its NBTX-001, a xenon-based therapeutic in the treatment of Panic Disorder. ...
(Date:4/19/2017)... ... April 19, 2017 , ... As part ... webinars accessible to novices as well as experienced users, attendees will gain a ... coagulation screening tests. , Hemostasis testing quality is determined by preanalytical variables ...
Breaking Biology Technology: