Navigation Links
Biomass production -- careful planning can bring many benefits
Date:1/15/2008

One way of supplying energy is to grow plant material and burn it. If managed well most of the carbon released by burning the material will be captured by the growing plants, and so have a low impact on overall levels of atmospheric carbon dioxide.

Better still, the growing plants could be used to help solve other environmental problems. In a review of current systems, Gran Berndes from the Department of Energy and Environment at Chalmers University of Technology in Gtenborg, Sweden highlights several systems. The review is published in this months edition of Biofuels, Bioproducts and Biorefining.

  • One set of systems currently running in Sweden grows willow trees and irrigates them with sewage effluent. This helps purify the sewage outflow at the same time as providing fuel.

  • Other systems plant willow buffers between arable land and water ways. The willow trees use nitrogen that is being leached off the land, making good use of it instead of letting it simply pollute the rivers and seas.

  • A third system that Berndes highlights is the option of growing biomass on areas of wasteland in India. Along with providing fuel, this also stops the land becoming degraded by erosion.

We can do biofuels right or we can do them wrong. If we develop them correctly, we can achieve great environmental, economic and social benefits. It is our responsibility to look forward and shape the emerging biofuels industry so that it actually provides these benefits, says journal editor Bruce E. Dale, Ph. D., Distinguished Professor of Chemical Engineering, Michigan State University. With Biofuels, Bioproducts and Biorefining we intend to shed light on the pathways by which biofuels and bioproducts can realise their enormous potential for good.

This edition of the journal also contains papers that review:

  • Ways of pretreating cellulose containing materials so that they are more capable of releasing the energy they store.

  • The different chemicals found in biomass. Cellulose, hemicellulose and lignin molecules contained in biomass will greatly improve the way that these resources can be exploited in commercial scale operations.

  • The use of biomass for creating many different chemicals. At the moment oil is the source of chemicals that go into substances from paints to pharmaceuticals. Biomass could provide these, either by deliberately creating them, or by harvesting by-products of fermentation processes such as biofuel production. But to be ready for a biomass driven future we need start planning appropriate biorefineries today.

A Comment - The view from the USA

In a Comment article, US Department of Agriculture employee Wally Wilhelm explains the USDAs view point on biomass use, and argues that US policy will need to facilitate collaboration between different disciplines in order to stimulate this next generation of technology.


'/>"/>

Contact: Jennifer Beal
jbeal@wiley.com
44-012-437-70633
Wiley-Blackwell
Source:Eurekalert

Related biology news :

1. Ceres and Texas A&M to develop and market high-biomass sorghum for biofuels
2. The race for biofuels driving alternative sources of biomass
3. Green tea boosts production of detox enzymes, rendering cancerous chemicals harmless
4. The 5 Ws of corn production
5. Low oxygen in coastal waters impairs fish reproduction
6. UCI and CODA Genomics collaborate to re-engineer yeast for biofuel production
7. Curbing C. difficiles toxin production
8. Neuronal conduction of excitation without action potentials based on ceramide production
9. Simulating kernel production influences maize model accuracy
10. Botched production of insulin molecule may lead to diabetes
11. Salmonid hatcheries cause stunning loss of reproduction
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:3/22/2016)... and SANDY, Utah , March ... operates the highest sample volume laboratory in ... and UNIConnect, leaders in clinical sequencing informatics and molecular ... of a project to establish the informatics infrastructure for ... NSO has been contracted by the Ontario Ministry ...
(Date:3/15/2016)... March 15, 2016 Yissum Research Development ... technology-transfer company of the Hebrew University, announced today the ... sensing technology of various human biological indicators. Neteera Technologies ... million from private investors. ... the detection of electromagnetic emissions from sweat ducts, enables ...
(Date:3/10/2016)... , March 10, 2016 ... market research report "Identity and Access Management Market by ... Compliance, and Governance), by Organization Size, by Deployment, by ... published by MarketsandMarkets, The market is estimated to grow ... Billion by 2020, at a Compound Annual Growth Rate ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):
(Date:5/25/2016)... ... May 25, 2016 , ... The American Medical Informatics ... of the National Coordinator for Health IT (ONC) outlining a measurement approach to ... were available when and where it was needed. The organization of health informatics ...
(Date:5/24/2016)... ... May 24, 2016 , ... ... and traumatic injuries, will be accelerated by research at Worcester Polytechnic Institute (WPI) ... of wound healing and tissue regeneration. , The novel method, developed by WPI ...
(Date:5/23/2016)... ... May 23, 2016 , ... PrecisionAg® Media has released ... and Beyond. The paper outlines the key trends that are creating both opportunities ... witnessed a lot of highs and lows as the precision agriculture market has ...
(Date:5/23/2016)... ... May 23, 2016 , ... ... on molecular nanotechnology, announced the winners for the 2015 Foresight Institute Feynman Prizes. ... are given in two categories, one for experiment and the other for theory ...
Breaking Biology Technology: