Navigation Links
Big brains are pricey, guppy study shows
Date:1/3/2013

Bigger brains can make animals, well, brainier, but that boost in brain size and ability comes at a price. That's according to new evidence reported on January 3rd in Current Biology, a Cell Press publication, in which researchers artificially selected guppies for large and small brain sizes.

The findings lend support to the notion that bigger brains and increased cognitive ability do go together, a topic that has been a matter of considerable debate in recent years, said Niclas Kolm of Uppsala University in Sweden. They also represent some of the first convincing evidence that large brains are expensive, evolutionarily speaking.

"We provide the first experimental evidence that evolving a larger brain really is costly in terms of both gut investment and, more importantly, reproductive output," Kolm said.

Together, the findings strongly support the idea that relative brain sizes among species are shaped through a balance between selection for increased cognitive ability and the costs of a big brain.

The results in guppies have important implications for us humans. After all, one of the most distinctive features of the human brain is its large size relative to the rest of the body.

"The human brain only makes up 2 percent of our total body mass but stands for 20 percent of our total energy demand," Kolm said. "It is a remarkably costly organ energetically."

But support for the so-called "expensive-tissue hypothesis"that there is a trade-off between the brain and the energy demands of other organs and reproductioncame only from comparative studies among species and were correlative in nature.

In the new study, Kolm's team took a different, within-species approach. They selected live-bearing guppies for large and small brains relative to the size of their bodies. Under that strong selection pressure, they found that brain size could evolve "remarkably quickly."

After selection, large-br
'/>"/>

Contact: Mary Beth O'Leary
moleary@cell.com
617-397-2802
Cell Press
Source:Eurekalert

Page: 1 2

Related biology news :

1. Musical duets lock brains as well as rhythms
2. Primates brains make visual maps using triangular grids
3. Preemies brains reap long-term benefits from Kangaroo Mother Care
4. Mice with big brains provide insight into brain regeneration and developmental disorders
5. University of Alberta led research may have discovered how memories are encoded in our brains
6. Hebrew University study finds key mechanism in calcium regulation
7. New study documents the natural relationship between CO2 concentrations and sea level
8. Stowers study hints that stem cells prepare for maturity much earlier than anticipated
9. Birdsong study pecks theory that music is uniquely human
10. Study turns parasite invasion theory on its head
11. Gout study offers genetic insight into disease of kings
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:8/24/2015)... 2015 The consulting company Frost & ... manufacturer DERMALOG and its customized solutions and products for ... of the Year Award". DERMALOG is particularly successful with a ... -Cross reference: Picture is available at AP Images ... On Thursday evening, in South Africa,s ...
(Date:8/20/2015)... NXT-ID, Inc. (NASDAQ: NXTD ) ("NXT-ID" ... the growing mobile commerce market and creator of the ... Card Alliance and the EMV Migration Forum.  ... Card Alliance Latin America (SCALA) Chapter provides NXT-ID, Inc. ... leaders promoting adoption of smart card technology. ...
(Date:8/17/2015)... OXFORD, Conn. , Aug. 17, 2015  NXT-ID, ... a biometric authentication company focused on the growing mobile ... announces its new sales campaign for Q4 2015. The ... winning marketing team consisting of Amplitude Marketing Group ( ... Amplitude Marketing Group is a leader in retail driven ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):Frost & Sullivan Honors DERMALOG with Biometrics Prize for Achievements in Africa 2Frost & Sullivan Honors DERMALOG with Biometrics Prize for Achievements in Africa 3NXT-ID, Inc. Joins Smart Card Alliance and EMV Migration Forum 2NXT-ID, Inc. Joins Smart Card Alliance and EMV Migration Forum 3NXT-ID, Inc. Joins Smart Card Alliance and EMV Migration Forum 4NXT-ID, Inc. Launches Sales Campaign for Wocket Smart Wallet with Award Winning Marketing Team 2NXT-ID, Inc. Launches Sales Campaign for Wocket Smart Wallet with Award Winning Marketing Team 3
... fond of talking about it as are politicians, economists ... The problem is that the term sustainability can refer ... at the Technische Universitaet Muenchen have shed light on ... science they have managed to give the term "sustainability" ...
... School of Medicine found that women may have a slightly higher ... acute coronary syndrome (ACS), but that these differences appear to be ... study, published in the August 26, 2009 issue of the ... however that overall there was no significant difference in mortality observed ...
... use wireless sensors, which can monitor chemical processes or ... wireless network. Still, many facilities that could benefit ... use a wired network instead, because the reliability, speed ... do not meet their needs. The U.S. ...
Cached Biology News:New tools for sustainable farming 2New tools for sustainable farming 3Study finds women slightly more likely to die than men in the 30 days following a heart attack 2SRNL, automakers to develop high-performance wireless sensors networks 2SRNL, automakers to develop high-performance wireless sensors networks 3
(Date:8/26/2015)... 26, 2015  Platform therapeutic company Symic Biomedical, ... a $1.5M Phase II SBIR grant from the ... its therapeutic agent to reduce arteriovenous fistula (AVF) ... stage renal disease (ESRD) patients undergoing hemodialysis. The ... Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases (NIDDK), will ...
(Date:8/26/2015)... BEIJING , August 26, 2015 Israel ... DiaCardio wins 1 st place  Wayerz comes ... in Israel by venture capital fund JVP, ... including the US, China , Israel ... America .  Impressive achievement for the Israeli representatives ...
(Date:8/26/2015)... 26, 2015 After litigating and negotiating ... relating to P2i United States patent ... in the United States without any ... of either party. As a result of the parties, settlement, ... California dismissed the case without prejudice. ...
(Date:8/26/2015)... ... August 26, 2015 , ... PRC Clinical, a Clinical Trial ... with local sponsors in southern California. The Clinical Trial Management Expert CRO seeks to ... regulatory pathways., , Stem Cell Meeting on the Mesa ...
Breaking Biology Technology:Symic Biomedical Awarded $1.5MM NIH Phase II SBIR Grant to Develop its Proteoglycan Mimetic Therapeutics to Reduce Vascular Access Failures in ESRD 2Symic Biomedical Awarded $1.5MM NIH Phase II SBIR Grant to Develop its Proteoglycan Mimetic Therapeutics to Reduce Vascular Access Failures in ESRD 3Israeli Startup Takes First Place at Shengjing Global Innovation Awards 2015 2Israeli Startup Takes First Place at Shengjing Global Innovation Awards 2015 3Israeli Startup Takes First Place at Shengjing Global Innovation Awards 2015 4Israeli Startup Takes First Place at Shengjing Global Innovation Awards 2015 5Israeli Startup Takes First Place at Shengjing Global Innovation Awards 2015 6P2i Settles United States Litigation 2PRC Clinical To Attend Major Industry Conferences And Meet Sponsor Companies In The San Diego Biotech Hub 2PRC Clinical To Attend Major Industry Conferences And Meet Sponsor Companies In The San Diego Biotech Hub 3
... In an address to,shareholders at the company,s ... ) Chairman and CEO David B. Snow Jr. ... designed to deliver strong,continuing earnings growth through 2008 ... specialty pharmacy to retaining and winning,customers, and advanced ...
... May 22 /PRNewswire-FirstCall/ - In accordance with the,terms ... Inc.,"Atrium" (TSX: ATB) today announced that it has ... Chemicals division for total proceeds of,US$166.4 million in ... is now a health and nutrition pure-play and ...
... CT Injection System Technology Detects Extravasations during CT ... ... MEDRAD, INC., announced today,that its XDS(TM) Extravasation Detector has ... a technology that aids in the,detection of leaking intravenous contrast ...
Cached Biology Technology:Medco CEO to Shareholders: Delivering Results, Driving Shareholder Value 2Medco CEO to Shareholders: Delivering Results, Driving Shareholder Value 3Medco CEO to Shareholders: Delivering Results, Driving Shareholder Value 4MEDRAD(R) XDS(TM) Extravasation Detector Wins Medical Design Excellence Award 2MEDRAD(R) XDS(TM) Extravasation Detector Wins Medical Design Excellence Award 3
...
2ndGen Predilute antibody for staining tissue sections. Optimized for use with Zymeds Histostain-PLUS, NBA, HistoST5050, and Cap-Plus IHC Kits.Labeling: ASR...
... degradation of single-stranded DNA and RNA endonucleolytically ... nuclease prefers ssDNA over dsDNA by 30,000-fold, ... double-stranded DNA from both ends (1,2). Mung ... mapping studies (3,4), for flushing staggered ends ...
Endomorphin-2. Cross reactivity: Endomorphin-1 3%, Met-enkephalin <0.03%, Leu-enkephalin <0.01% and beta-Endorphin <0.01%....
Biology Products: