Navigation Links
Bacterial toxins cause deadly heart disease
Date:8/19/2013

University of Iowa researchers have discovered what causes the lethal effects of staphylococcal infective endocarditis - a serious bacterial infection of heart valves that kills approximately 20,000 Americans each year.

According to the UI study, the culprits are superantigens -- toxins produced in large quantities by Staphylococcus aureus (staph) bacteria - which disrupt the immune system, turning it from friend to foe.

"The function of a superantigen is to 'mess' with the immune system," says Patrick Schlievert, Ph.D., UI professor and chair of microbiology at the UI Carver College of Medicine. "Our study shows that in endocarditis, a superantigen is over-activating the immune system, and the excessive immune response is actually contributing very significantly to the destructive aspects of the disease, including capillary leakage, low blood pressure, shock, fever, destruction of the heart valves, and strokes that may occur in half of patients."

Other superantigens include toxic shock syndrome toxin-1, which Schlievert identified in 1981 as the cause of toxic shock syndrome.

Staph bacteria is the most significant cause of serious infectious diseases in the United States, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), and infective endocarditis is the most serious complication of staph bloodstream infection. This dangerous condition affects approximately 40,000 people annually and has a death rate of about 50 percent. Among patients who survive the infection, approximately half will have a stroke due to the damage from the aggressive infection of the heart valves.

Despite the serious nature of this disease, little progress has been made over the past several decades in treating the deadly condition.

The new study, led Schlievert, and published Aug. 20 in the online open-access journal mBio, suggests that blocking the action of superantigens might provide a new approach f
'/>"/>

Contact: Jennifer Brown
jennifer-l-brown@uiowa.edu
319-356-7124
University of Iowa Health Care
Source:Eurekalert

Page: 1 2

Related biology news :

1. UC Davis researchers discover molecular target for the bacterial infection brucellosis
2. Newly discovered bacterial partnership changes ocean chemistry
3. Bacterial blockade
4. Study finds depletion of alveolar macrophages linked to bacterial super-infections
5. New methods to visualize bacterial cell-to-cell communication
6. UT study: Chemical in antibacterial soaps may harm nursing babies
7. Spinning up antibacterial silver on glass
8. Bacterial DNA may integrate into human genome more readily in tumor tissue
9. HIV-derived antibacterial shows promise against drug-resistant bacteria
10. Metabolic model of E. coli reveals how bacterial growth responds to temperature change
11. Bacterial security agents go rogue
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:9/18/2014)... small, icy moon of Uranus, is one of the ... system. Despite its relatively small size, Miranda appears to ... in the formation of at least three remarkable and ... , These coronae are visible in Miranda,s southern hemisphere, ... Arden corona, the largest, has ridges and troughs with ...
(Date:9/18/2014)... the International Space Station ever starts a "frequent flyers" ... status. Recently the orbiting laboratory has hosted increasing numbers ... returned from the space station in April, and another ... third experiment is planned to launch in December. , ... around the world-- and in space. Model organisms can ...
(Date:9/18/2014)... information is stored in DNA, tiny strands of nucleic ... bodies. To express this genetic data, our DNA is ... into proteins that perform tasks in our cells. ... of RNA molecule. Unlike all other known RNAs, this ... circRNA molecules are abundant, little has been known about ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):Miranda: An icy moon deformed by tidal heating 2Miranda: An icy moon deformed by tidal heating 3Miranda: An icy moon deformed by tidal heating 4Miranda: An icy moon deformed by tidal heating 5Miranda: An icy moon deformed by tidal heating 6Miranda: An icy moon deformed by tidal heating 7Buzzing with activity: Fruit flies orbit Earth for science 2Buzzing with activity: Fruit flies orbit Earth for science 3Buzzing with activity: Fruit flies orbit Earth for science 4Scientists find how mysterious 'circular RNA' is formed, claim muscular dystrophy link 2
... aquatic organisms by the discharge of certain steroids and pharmaceutical ... as the compounds degrade, the ecological risks naturally decline. ... of these bioactive organic compounds may transform in a way ... study led by the University of Iowa and published online ...
... of Health (NIH) has launched the first phase of the ... that aims to improve access to and analysis of data ... of genetic information on the microbes that naturally colonize our ... available as a free public dataset , allowing users ...
... SANTA MONICA, CA -- A new urine test for ... now commercially available to men nationwide through the University ... utility of the PSA blood test, increases physicians, ability ... in patients, and may help tens of thousands of ...
Cached Biology News:Study finds steroids may persist longer in the environment than expected 2Study finds steroids may persist longer in the environment than expected 3NIH launches first phase of microbiome cloud project 2Prostate Cancer Foundation announces new urine test for prostate cancer available 2Prostate Cancer Foundation announces new urine test for prostate cancer available 3
(Date:9/19/2014)... , September 19, 2014 Biotech ... development of emerging drug systems and advanced Laboratory Instrumentation. ... and Company (NYSE: BDX ), Thermo Fisher ... Inc. (NASDAQ: RGDO ), Sangamo Biosciences Inc. ... HOLX) Pressure BioSciences, Inc. (OTCQB: PBIO) ("PBI" ...
(Date:9/19/2014)... 2014 Barnhardt Manufacturing Company ... its Organic Cotton . The USDA Certified Biobased ... biobased ingredients meets or exceeds levels set by USDA. ... whole or in significant part of agricultural, forestry, or ... Organic cotton to be immediately identified as a USDA ...
(Date:9/19/2014)... 19, 2014 The new , Healthcare ... , available today on PharmaBoardroom.com for free ... that rocked the Spanish economy in 2009, and the austerity ... has remained pragmatic in times of trouble. "Despite ... fifth biggest European market, and the general conditions to invest ...
(Date:9/18/2014)... Sept. 18, 2014 /PRNewswire-iReach/ -- DeepResearchReports.com adds "2014 ... Acid Industry" and "2014 Deep Research Report on ... its research database. Photo - ... Report on Global and China Acetic Acid Industry" ... China and Global Acetic ...
Breaking Biology Technology:Medical Instrumentation Automation Advances for Biological Sample Preparation - Company Expects Q4 Revenue Impact from Newest Instrument Systems 2Medical Instrumentation Automation Advances for Biological Sample Preparation - Company Expects Q4 Revenue Impact from Newest Instrument Systems 3Medical Instrumentation Automation Advances for Biological Sample Preparation - Company Expects Q4 Revenue Impact from Newest Instrument Systems 4Medical Instrumentation Automation Advances for Biological Sample Preparation - Company Expects Q4 Revenue Impact from Newest Instrument Systems 5Medical Instrumentation Automation Advances for Biological Sample Preparation - Company Expects Q4 Revenue Impact from Newest Instrument Systems 6Medical Instrumentation Automation Advances for Biological Sample Preparation - Company Expects Q4 Revenue Impact from Newest Instrument Systems 7Barnhardt Manufacturing Company Earns USDA Certified Biobased Product Certification and Label for Organic Cotton 2PharmaBoardroom Releases New Spain Pharmaceuticals Report 2PharmaBoardroom Releases New Spain Pharmaceuticals Report 3Acetic Acid Market & Sodium Stannate Industry (China, Global) Research Report 2Acetic Acid Market & Sodium Stannate Industry (China, Global) Research Report 3Acetic Acid Market & Sodium Stannate Industry (China, Global) Research Report 4
... are used in a wide variety of applications ... and aerospace applications. Thermal analysis is routinely used ... growing trend to use nanostructured materials has made ... an atomic force microscope-based technique called nanoscale thermal ...
... laboratory has found a way to turn common carbon ... with properties expected to prove useful in electronic, optical ... scientist Pulickel Ajayan, in collaboration with colleagues in China, ... one-step chemical process that is markedly simpler than established ...
... cell therapy manufacturing division, Progenitor Cell Therapy ("PCT"), ... NBS ) ("NeoStem" or the "Company"), announced today ... and regulatory services related to the development of ... injectable suspension of microencapsulated insulin-producing, pancreatic islet cells ...
Cached Biology Technology:Magnetic actuation enables nanoscale thermal analysis 2Graphene quantum dots: The next big small thing 2Graphene quantum dots: The next big small thing 3Islet Sciences, Inc. Selects NeoStem's Manufacturing Subsidiary Progenitor Cell Therapy for Product Manufacturing 2Islet Sciences, Inc. Selects NeoStem's Manufacturing Subsidiary Progenitor Cell Therapy for Product Manufacturing 3Islet Sciences, Inc. Selects NeoStem's Manufacturing Subsidiary Progenitor Cell Therapy for Product Manufacturing 4
...
...
... isomers are predominantly used for labeling proteins, ... labeling peptides and nucleotides because they give ... often required in the conjugation processes. 5-TAMRA ... labeling peptides and proteins. 6-TAMRA is predominately ...
Rabbit polyclonal to GPCR G2A ( Abpromise for all tested applications). entrezGeneID: 29933 SwissProtID: Q9UNW8...
Biology Products: