Navigation Links
Avoiding virus dangers in 'domesticating' wild plants for biofuel use
Date:2/15/2013

In our ongoing quest for alternative energy sources, researchers are looking more to plants that grow in the wild for use in biofuels, plants such as switchgrass.

However, attempts to "domesticate" wild-growing plants have a downside, as it could make the plants more susceptible to any number of plant viruses.

In a presentation at this year's meeting of the American Association for the Advancement of Science, Michigan State University plant biologist Carolyn Malmstrom said that when we start combining the qualities of different types of plants into one, there can be unanticipated results.

"Most wild plants are perennials, while most of our agriculture crops are annuals," Malmstrom said. "Sometimes when you mix the properties of the two, unexpected things can happen."

For example, annual domestic plants are made to grow quickly. "In agriculture we select more for growth," she said. "There is a reduced need for the plants to defend themselves because we have taken care of that."

If pest control measures aren't taken, these annual plants can serve as "amplifiers," producing lots of viruses and insects to move the viruses around.

In contrast, perennial plants in nature grow slower, but are usually better equipped to fight off invading viruses. When wild-growing perennials do get infected they can serve as reservoirs for viruses, Malmstrom said, "a place where viruses can hang out a long time."

In the domestication of wild plants for bioenergy, long-lived plants are being selected for fast growth like annuals. "Now you have a plant that could be a long-term reservoir, but it also happens to be faster growing and can serve as an amplifier for viruses. This all-in-one combination could increase virus pressure in crop areas unless mitigated."

Malmstrom said that plant virus ecology and the study of viral interactions between wild-growing plants and agricultural crops is an expanding field. In the l
'/>"/>

Contact: Tom Oswald
tom.oswald@cabs.msu.edu
517-432-0920
Michigan State University
Source:Eurekalert

Page: 1 2

Related biology news :

1. Avoiding a cartography catastrophe
2. Newly identified natural protein blocks HIV, other deadly viruses
3. Forensic pathology: tracing the origin of the Usutu Virus
4. Spanish researchers design biomarkers for the detection of dengue and West Nile virus
5. Retrovirus in the human genome is active in pluripotent stem cells
6. Researchers show how cells DNA repair machinery can destroy viruses
7. Recent study suggests bats are reservoir for ebola virus in Bangladesh
8. Evolution of flying bat clue to cancer and viruses
9. Do-it-yourself viruses: How viruses self assemble
10. Emerging virus in raccoons may provide cancer clues
11. New coronavirus has many potential hosts, could pass from animals to humans repeatedly
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:3/16/2015)... Between 16 and 20 ... innovations in biometric identification at the CeBIT exhibition ...      (Photo: http://photos.prnewswire.com/prnh/20150316/735333 ) , ... at the forefront: the company,s all new BiometricGate ... Germany . BiometricGate is the first ...
(Date:3/12/2015)... VIEW, Calif. , March 12, 2015 /PRNewswire/ ... with Complimentary Registration here: http://bit.ly/1G7Os0L . SPEAKERS: ... Manager Aravind SeshagiriPhoto - http://photos.prnewswire.com/prnh/20150311/181111 ... in order to compete in several different markets ... market is currently witnessing an uptrend. ...
(Date:3/10/2015)... Transforming How We Look at ... in Human Space Flight" by Michael A. ... Ph.D. was recently featured by Springer Science Media, highlighting the ... Specifically, "Personalized Medicine in Human Space Flight" was ... 2013 and 2014 from Springer in the journal ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):DERMALOG Presents its Latest Biometric Innovations at the Hannover CeBIT Exhibition, 16 - 20 March 2015 2DERMALOG Presents its Latest Biometric Innovations at the Hannover CeBIT Exhibition, 16 - 20 March 2015 3Biometrics Key to Future Growth in Healthcare, Retail and Financial Markets 2Biometrics Key to Future Growth in Healthcare, Retail and Financial Markets 3"Personalized Medicine in Human Space Flight" Listed Among Most Influential Papers of 2013 and 2014 2
... tiger snakes stranded for thousands of years on tiny islands ... twice the size of their mainland cousins. Now, new research ... of these elapids was driven by the need to have ... at 35 inches (89 cm) long, patrol swampy areas in ...
... CHAMPAIGN, Ill. Miscanthus grasses are used in ... fuels. They also belong to a prominent grass family that ... maps of Miscanthus sinensis (an ornamental that ... biofuels crop) are a first step toward sequencing the ...
... 15, 2012) This fall, Drexel Environmental Science students will ... locally and across the globe as a result of ... Natural Sciences. Out of the affiliation comes the Department ... will work and learn among some of the world,s ...
Cached Biology News:Big-mouthed babies drove the evolution of giant island snakes 2Big-mouthed babies drove the evolution of giant island snakes 3Maps of Miscanthus genome offer insight into grass evolution 2Maps of Miscanthus genome offer insight into grass evolution 3New museum-university partnership ushers in new era of environmental science education 2
(Date:3/30/2015)... 2015 PMG Research, Benchmark Research, ... the formation of VaxCorps, a network of highly ... the conduct of vaccine trials in healthy adult, ... have successfully conducted over 500 phase I-III vaccine ... pandemic influenza as well as a vast array ...
(Date:3/30/2015)... , March 30, 2015  Heidrick & Struggles (Nasdaq: ... , leadership consulting and culture shaping ... the firm to lead its global Healthcare and Life Sciences ... and Life Sciences, Mitchell will lead a team of more ... Europe and Asia ...
(Date:3/30/2015)... BRUNSWICK, N.J. , March 30, 2015  New ... and innovation projects in the state of ... its next round of grant funding, announced James ... New Jersey Health Foundation Research Grants program, an additional ... $35,000 each to fund early stage research projects that ...
(Date:3/30/2015)... Md. , March 30, 2015 CASI ... dedicated to the acquisition, development and commercialization of innovative ... the global market with a commercial focus on ... Food and Drug Administration (CFDA) has approved the Company,s ... in ovarian clear cell carcinoma (OCCC) patients for its ...
Breaking Biology Technology:PMG Research announces formation of VaxCorps with two industry-leading vaccine site networks 2Heidrick & Struggles Strengthens Leadership of Healthcare - Life Sciences Practice 2New Jersey Health Foundation Announces An Additional $1 Million To Fund Innovation and Research Grants in New Jersey 2CASI Pharmaceuticals Receives Approval From CFDA For Phase 2 Clinical Trial In China With ENMD-2076 For Ovarian Clear Cell Carcinoma 2CASI Pharmaceuticals Receives Approval From CFDA For Phase 2 Clinical Trial In China With ENMD-2076 For Ovarian Clear Cell Carcinoma 3CASI Pharmaceuticals Receives Approval From CFDA For Phase 2 Clinical Trial In China With ENMD-2076 For Ovarian Clear Cell Carcinoma 4CASI Pharmaceuticals Receives Approval From CFDA For Phase 2 Clinical Trial In China With ENMD-2076 For Ovarian Clear Cell Carcinoma 5
... DNeasy Blood & Tissue Kits ... 96-well-plate,formats. Most samples can be directly lysed with proteinase K, eliminating ... specific sample types provide reproducible purification of high-quality DNA for life,science, ... , , ...
... An air impaction microbial assessment of your air ... , RUDY PINA ... Manufacturers of medical devices who label ... include injection molding, operation of conveyor belts, and/or aseptic cleaning processes. The ...
... Seamless Performance Between GeneChip Scanner ... , ... The GeneChip Instrument System is the most advanced microarray analysis ... in array manufacturing processes have enabled Affymetrix to produce expression probe arrays ...
Cached Biology Technology:DNA purification from pig ears to bird blood using proven DNeasy Technology 2Testing Compressed Air Lines for Microbiological Contamination 2Testing Compressed Air Lines for Microbiological Contamination 3Testing Compressed Air Lines for Microbiological Contamination 4Testing Compressed Air Lines for Microbiological Contamination 5Testing Compressed Air Lines for Microbiological Contamination 6The New Affymetrix GeneChip Scanner 3000 2The New Affymetrix GeneChip Scanner 3000 3The New Affymetrix GeneChip Scanner 3000 4The New Affymetrix GeneChip Scanner 3000 5The New Affymetrix GeneChip Scanner 3000 6The New Affymetrix GeneChip Scanner 3000 7The New Affymetrix GeneChip Scanner 3000 8The New Affymetrix GeneChip Scanner 3000 9The New Affymetrix GeneChip Scanner 3000 10The New Affymetrix GeneChip Scanner 3000 11The New Affymetrix GeneChip Scanner 3000 12The New Affymetrix GeneChip Scanner 3000 13The New Affymetrix GeneChip Scanner 3000 14The New Affymetrix GeneChip Scanner 3000 15