Navigation Links
Archaeologists explore Iraqi marshes for origins of urbanization
Date:3/31/2011

The first non-Iraqi archaeological investigation of the Tigris-Euphrates delta in 20 years was a preliminary foray by three women who began to explore the links between wetland resources and the emergence and growth of cities last year.

"Foreign investigations in Iraq stopped in the 1990s," said Carrie Hritz, assistant professor of anthropology, Penn State. "Iraqis continued research, but because their work is unpublished, we are unsure of where they surveyed."

The marshlands in Iraq and Iran were drained between 1950 and the 1990s. While initial explanations were that Iraq needed the land for agricultural uses, more often than not, politics played a role. After the first Gulf war, Saddam Hussein drained the areas between the Tigris and Euphrates to control and punish Shia dissidents among the Marsh Arabs.

Restoration of the Hammar marshes is now a high national priority. If we do not act quickly, the window of opportunity for conducting work in this region will close, according to the researchers who include Hritz; Jennifer Pournelle, research assistant professor, School of the Environment, University of South Carolina, and Jennifer Smith, associate professor of geology, Washington University in St. Louis.

The project aims to investigate the contributions of the early-mid Holocene shoreline of the gulf and marshes to the economic foundations of Mesopotamian cities. The researchers are looking at archaeological sites from 5,000 B.C. to Islamic times.

"Our interest is in early settlement," Hritz told attendees today (Mar 31) at the annual meeting of the Society of American Archaeology in Sacramento, Calif. " The early period of settlement is always linked to the development of agriculture."

Hritz notes, however, that marshes have all the resources necessary for settlement fish, game and plants. She suggests that people would need a wide resource base to create urban areas in the midst of the Tigris-Euphra
'/>"/>

Contact: A'ndrea Elyse Messer
aem1@psu.edu
814-865-9481
Penn State
Source:Eurekalert

Page: 1 2

Related biology news :

1. Beetle explorers name new species for Roosevelt
2. UMass Amherst biologists use GPS to map bats teeth to explore evolutionary adaptations to diet
3. UCR scientists to explore new genetic tools in mosquito research: Transposable elements
4. IEEE-USA workshop to explore the challenges and opportunities of electric vehicle technology
5. National study explores the reaction and transport of tungsten in drinking water
6. 2 books explore the history and delights of honey, bees and beehives
7. Super-sized world: Conference addresses global obesity epidemic, explores policies, interventions
8. Researcher explores the evolution of largest mammals over the past 100 million years
9. Giants among us: Paper explores evolution of the world’s largest mammals
10. Busy microbial world discovered in deepest ocean crust ever explored
11. Hearing colors, seeing sounds: New research explores sensory overlap in the brain
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:3/23/2015)... March 23, 2015  In the 2014 fiscal year, ... conviction losses. This figure accounts for a fraction of ... The Nilson Report, exceeds $11 billion globally. The polygraph ... a crime has occurred. Investor Mark Saint Juste ... Joe Paolella partnered to administer the test ...
(Date:3/20/2015)... , Mar. 19, 2015 Research and Markets ... "Hand Geometry - Global Strategic Business Report" report to ... for Hand Geometry in US$ Thousands. The report provides separate ... Japan , Europe , ... , and Rest of World. Annual estimates and ...
(Date:3/19/2015)... 19, 2015  NXT-ID, Inc. (NASDAQ: NXTD ) ... the growing mobile commerce market, announces its biometric payment technology, ... that aired this week on Washington DC,s ... In a segment "The Next Great Thing", host Laura ... to pay, and ,a really big breakthrough in mobile payment.,  ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):Polygraph Test Now Used to Protect Investors From Fraud 2Polygraph Test Now Used to Protect Investors From Fraud 3Hand Geometry - Global Strategic Business Report 2015: An Essential Security Component for both Government & Enterprise Sector 2Hand Geometry - Global Strategic Business Report 2015: An Essential Security Component for both Government & Enterprise Sector 3Hand Geometry - Global Strategic Business Report 2015: An Essential Security Component for both Government & Enterprise Sector 4NXT-ID's Wocket Smart Wallet Featured on Fox News Segment, "The Next Great Thing" 2NXT-ID's Wocket Smart Wallet Featured on Fox News Segment, "The Next Great Thing" 3
... Health Organization (WHO) and the United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF) ... from measles, a leading vaccine-preventable killer, by the end of ... 873 000 in 1999 to an estimated 530 000 in ... with the highest burden of the disease, where estimated measles ...
... Chemistry Professor John T. Fourkas have demonstrated that ... can be induced to emit light so strongly ... single nanoparticle. Fourkas, in collaboration with postdoctoral researcher ... Vincent Chen, coaxed the particles into strong emission ...
... us, our mind's eye has a bias. For reasons that ... tendency to devote more visual attention to the left side ... known as pseudoneglect. Researchers now report that pseudoneglect is not ... only that brain structures thought to play a requisite role ...
Cached Biology News:Measles Deaths Worldwide Drop By Nearly 40% Over Five Years 2Findings have implications for tracking disease, drugs at the molecular level 2The lopsided brain: Attention bias is shared by humans and birds 2
(Date:3/27/2015)... NEW YORK , March 27, 2015  Peter ... in Biomedical Science for his pioneering work on how ... the components of a regulatory mechanism that cells use ... proteins. Dr. Walter is a professor of biochemistry at ... the groundwork for treating a range of human diseases ...
(Date:3/26/2015)... WARREN, N.J., March 26, 2015  Roka Bioscience, ... company focused on providing advanced testing solutions for ... financial results for the three months and full ... Quarter 2014 Financial Results:Revenue for the quarter ended ... $689,000 for the fourth quarter of 2013 and ...
(Date:3/26/2015)... and CINCINNATI , ... plc (LSE: SHP, NASDAQ: SHPG ) and ... three-year, broad research collaboration for rare diseases. The goal ... novel therapies to treat rare diseases with high ... capabilities with Cincinnati Children,s research expertise. As a ...
(Date:3/26/2015)... Gicqueau, Founder and President of Clinovo, will co-present with ... on “ Conducting Postmarket Registries - Rationale and Execution ... Exhibition on April 25th through April 28th in Salt ... Ale Gicqueau and Victor Chen will discuss the rationale ... and resources to conduct the registry, as well as ...
Breaking Biology Technology:German-born cell biologist Peter Walter wins the 2015 Vilcek Prize in Biomedical Science 2German-born cell biologist Peter Walter wins the 2015 Vilcek Prize in Biomedical Science 3Roka Bioscience Reports Fourth Quarter and Full Year 2014 Financial Results 2Roka Bioscience Reports Fourth Quarter and Full Year 2014 Financial Results 3Roka Bioscience Reports Fourth Quarter and Full Year 2014 Financial Results 4Roka Bioscience Reports Fourth Quarter and Full Year 2014 Financial Results 5Roka Bioscience Reports Fourth Quarter and Full Year 2014 Financial Results 6Roka Bioscience Reports Fourth Quarter and Full Year 2014 Financial Results 7Shire and Cincinnati Children's Establish Rare Disease Research Collaboration 2Shire and Cincinnati Children's Establish Rare Disease Research Collaboration 3Shire and Cincinnati Children's Establish Rare Disease Research Collaboration 4Shire and Cincinnati Children's Establish Rare Disease Research Collaboration 5Clinovo Presents at ACRP 2015 in Salt Lake City, Utah on April 25th-28th 2Clinovo Presents at ACRP 2015 in Salt Lake City, Utah on April 25th-28th 3
... , Multiporator / Electroporator 2510 , , , , , , ... , Protocol No. 4308 915.513 04/2002 , , ... , , Microorganism , ... Cell type , Bacteria, gram negative, , ...
... , , , , , Multiporator / Electroporator 2510 , , , ... Transformation Protocol , Protocol No. 4308 915.506 12/2001 ... , , , , , ... , Cell type , ...
... , , , , , , Multiporator / Electroporator 2510 , , ... , Transformation Protocol , Protocol No. 4308 ... , , , , , , ... , , Cell type , ...
Cached Biology Technology:Escherichia coli DH10B 2Escherichia coli DH10B 3Borrelia burgdorferi 2Agrobacterium tumefaciens 2
Anti-Kusabira Orange Monoclonal Antibody Description: 100 g Research Focus: tag Storage: -20C Shipping Temperature: 4C...
Anti-Kusabira Orange Monoclonal Antibody Description: 100 g Research Focus: tag Storage: -20C Shipping Temperature: 4C...
Anti-Kusabira Orange Monoclonal Antibody Description: 100 g Research Focus: tag Storage: -20C Shipping Temperature: 4C...
TXNL2 Antibody...
Biology Products: