Navigation Links
Archaeologists explore Iraqi marshes for origins of urbanization
Date:3/31/2011

The first non-Iraqi archaeological investigation of the Tigris-Euphrates delta in 20 years was a preliminary foray by three women who began to explore the links between wetland resources and the emergence and growth of cities last year.

"Foreign investigations in Iraq stopped in the 1990s," said Carrie Hritz, assistant professor of anthropology, Penn State. "Iraqis continued research, but because their work is unpublished, we are unsure of where they surveyed."

The marshlands in Iraq and Iran were drained between 1950 and the 1990s. While initial explanations were that Iraq needed the land for agricultural uses, more often than not, politics played a role. After the first Gulf war, Saddam Hussein drained the areas between the Tigris and Euphrates to control and punish Shia dissidents among the Marsh Arabs.

Restoration of the Hammar marshes is now a high national priority. If we do not act quickly, the window of opportunity for conducting work in this region will close, according to the researchers who include Hritz; Jennifer Pournelle, research assistant professor, School of the Environment, University of South Carolina, and Jennifer Smith, associate professor of geology, Washington University in St. Louis.

The project aims to investigate the contributions of the early-mid Holocene shoreline of the gulf and marshes to the economic foundations of Mesopotamian cities. The researchers are looking at archaeological sites from 5,000 B.C. to Islamic times.

"Our interest is in early settlement," Hritz told attendees today (Mar 31) at the annual meeting of the Society of American Archaeology in Sacramento, Calif. " The early period of settlement is always linked to the development of agriculture."

Hritz notes, however, that marshes have all the resources necessary for settlement fish, game and plants. She suggests that people would need a wide resource base to create urban areas in the midst of the Tigris-Euphra
'/>"/>

Contact: A'ndrea Elyse Messer
aem1@psu.edu
814-865-9481
Penn State
Source:Eurekalert

Page: 1 2

Related biology news :

1. Beetle explorers name new species for Roosevelt
2. UMass Amherst biologists use GPS to map bats teeth to explore evolutionary adaptations to diet
3. UCR scientists to explore new genetic tools in mosquito research: Transposable elements
4. IEEE-USA workshop to explore the challenges and opportunities of electric vehicle technology
5. National study explores the reaction and transport of tungsten in drinking water
6. 2 books explore the history and delights of honey, bees and beehives
7. Super-sized world: Conference addresses global obesity epidemic, explores policies, interventions
8. Researcher explores the evolution of largest mammals over the past 100 million years
9. Giants among us: Paper explores evolution of the world’s largest mammals
10. Busy microbial world discovered in deepest ocean crust ever explored
11. Hearing colors, seeing sounds: New research explores sensory overlap in the brain
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:9/30/2014)... , Sept. 30, 2014  Spectra ... solutions for the biotech and power generation ... new RECONN Bioprocess Manager, an easy-to-use and ... geared towards bioprocess development laboratories. ... disparate bioreactor and analyzer systems. Accessing and ...
(Date:9/30/2014)... 30, 2014) People who suffer from asthma may ... control their asthma besides properly taking medications and avoiding ... in the Annals of Allergy, Asthma and Immunology ... Allergy, Asthma and Immunology (ACAAI), asthma sufferers can learn ... The woman described in the Annals article improved her ...
(Date:9/29/2014)... Clostridium ramosum , coupled with a high-fat diet, may ... week in mBio , the online open-access journal of ... from the German Institute of Human Nutrition Potsdam-Rehbruecke in Nuthetal ... ramosum gained weight when fed a high-fat diet. Mice ... obese even when consuming a high-fat diet, and mice that ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):Spectra Automation Introduces RECONN Bioprocess Manager 2Asthma symptoms kicking up? Check your exposure to air pollution 2Gut bacteria promote obesity in mice 2
... H9N2 virus. , ... , , , ... , , ... , , , College Park, Md. - A new study by University ...
... at Scripps Institution of Oceanography at UC San Diego have ... blue waters of Lake Tahoe one earthquake at a time. ... more comprehensive analysis of earthquake activity in the Lake Tahoe ... 3,000 years in the basin, and that the largest fault ...
... April 29 Differing biological response to infection between ... older men who are hospitalized with community-acquired pneumonia (CAP). ... Medicine journal, may have important implications for understanding ... that men with CAP were less likely to survive ...
Cached Biology News:Avian flu research sheds light on swine flu outbreak 2Avian flu research sheds light on swine flu outbreak 3Avian flu research sheds light on swine flu outbreak 4Avian flu research sheds light on swine flu outbreak 5Scripps studies offer new picture of Lake Tahoe's earthquake potential 2Older men more likely than women to die after pneumonia 2Older men more likely than women to die after pneumonia 3
(Date:9/30/2014)... (PRWEB) September 30, 2014 Whitehouse ... been chosen by the Parenteral Drug Association (PDA) ... and 19, 2014) on container closure integrity testing. This ... integrity test methods and philosophies detailed in the recently ... Evaluation. The course will span container closure ...
(Date:9/30/2014)... Pittsburgh PA (PRWEB) September 30, 2014 ... Nurses ( IACRN), a non-profit organization based ... Clinical Research Excellence and Safety (ACRES), a ... of a strategic alliance agreement, setting the stage ... is to enhance clinical research quality and safety ...
(Date:9/29/2014)... diagnostics today, with imaging techniques like MRI (magnetic ... (nuclear magnetic resonance) increasing steeply over the last ... and quality still limit these techniques because of ... hyperpolarization, which involves injecting the patient with substances ... distribution and fate of specific molecules in the ...
(Date:9/29/2014)... VIRGINIA BEACH, Va. , Sept. 29, 2014 ... scientists from the fields of cartilage repair, regeneration, ... as attendees from around the world gathered to ... 2014 LifeNet Health Institute of Regenerative Medicine symposium, ... Future Direction . Topics included Orthopedic Biosurgery, Minced ...
Breaking Biology Technology:Whitehouse Laboratories to Partner with PDA for Educational Course on Container Closure Integrity Testing 2Whitehouse Laboratories to Partner with PDA for Educational Course on Container Closure Integrity Testing 3Whitehouse Laboratories to Partner with PDA for Educational Course on Container Closure Integrity Testing 4IACRN and ACRES to Support Clinical Research Nurses 2IACRN and ACRES to Support Clinical Research Nurses 3A safer approach for diagnostic medical imaging 2A safer approach for diagnostic medical imaging 3World Renowned Experts Discuss Future Of Cartilage Regeneration 2World Renowned Experts Discuss Future Of Cartilage Regeneration 3
... and we are emerging into the second week of March, its ... this will be a good or bad year for biotechnology. In ... already taken place that impact the land of U.S. biotech. Witness ... weeks has approved not one but two new cancer drugs coming ...
... 34 communities across Wisconsin are competing in Phase 2 of ... ,The contestants were selected from a field of 330 ... Technology Council. WTC is producing the contest in conjunction with ... statewide affiliates. , ,We are very honored to be ...
... It shouldnt come as a surprise that Wisconsins high-tech ... was true across the United States as the shock waves ... of Sept. 11, 2001, battered the economy. The tech indicators ... time, the latest economic tracking report by Competitive Wisconsin Inc. ...
Cached Biology Technology:Biotech 2004: Cautious optimism 2Biotech 2004: Cautious optimism 3Seeds for high-tech economy are being planted, but growth will take time 2Seeds for high-tech economy are being planted, but growth will take time 3
... system is ideal for routine binary separations. ... Adept CE 4201 UV-Visible variable wavelength detector. ... by the two highly accurate and precise, ... solvent delivery pumps., Chromatograms may be plotted on ...
... A549 cells were cultured in Ham's F12K medium ... log phase of growth. In order to keep ... fixed in acetone-methanol. The cells are arrayed on ... each wells surface specifically treated to enhance cellular ...
CELLine System cultivation flask (for secreted products)...
... K28/86.2, PDZ Domain GenBank Accession ... GST fusion to residues 77-299 of ... pH 7.4, 0.075M NaCl containing 0.05% ... by immunoblot on rat brain microsomal ...
Biology Products: