Navigation Links
An evolutionary surprise
Date:3/14/2012

WOODS HOLE, MAThe origin of the exquisitely complex vertebrate brain is somewhat mysterious. "In terms of evolution, it basically pops up out of nowhere. You don't see anything anatomically like it in other animals," says Ariel Pani, an investigator at the Marine Biological Laboratory (MBL) in Woods Hole and a graduate student at the University of Chicago.

But this week in the journal Nature, Pani and colleagues report finding some of the genetic processes that regulate vertebrate brain development in (of all places) the acorn worm, a brainless, burrowing marine invertebrate that they collected from Waquoit Bay in Falmouth, Mass.

The scientists were searching for ancestral evidence of three "signaling centers" in the vertebrate embryo that are major components of an "invisible scaffold that sets up the foundation of how the brain develops," Pani says. Diagnostic molecular features of these signaling centers are mostly missing in the sea squirts and the lancelets, the invertebrate chordates that are the closest evolutionary relatives of the vertebrates. This had suggested that these signaling centers are key innovations that arose de novo in the vertebrate lineage.

Yet, surprisingly, the scientists found highly similar signaling centers in the more distantly related acorn worm (Saccoglossus kowalevskii), a hemichordate. Acorn worm embryos lack nervous system structures comparable to vertebrate brains, and their lineages diverged from vertebrates more than 500 million years ago. Pani and colleagues found that, in the acorn worm, the signaling centers direct the formation of the embryonic body plan.

"What this means is the last (common) ancestor of the hemichordates and the vertebrates, even though it presumably did not have a vertebrate-like nervous system, had some very complex and vertebrate-like mechanisms for establishing its body plan," Pani says. "And one of the broad implications is that weird, squishy marine anim
'/>"/>

Contact: Diana Kenney
dkenney@mbl.edu
508-289-7139
Marine Biological Laboratory
Source:Eurekalert  

Page: 1 2

Related biology news :

1. Leading evolutionary scientist to discuss how genome of bacteria has evolved
2. Depression could be evolutionary byproduct of immune system
3. Did an evolutionary arms race cause lupus? Biologist Harmit Malik receives grant to try and find out
4. New study sheds light on evolutionary origin of oxygen-based cellular respiration
5. University of Minnesota biologists replicate key evolutionary step
6. Revolutionary surgical technique for perforations of the eardrum
7. Human skull study causes evolutionary headache
8. Studying bat skulls, evolutionary biologists discover how species evolve
9. USC scientists revolutionary drug pump draws NSF support
10. Evolutionary biologist inducted into American Academy of Arts and Sciences
11. BioCrossroads Invests in Medical Device Company Developing Revolutionary Absorbable Stent
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
Related Image:
An evolutionary surprise
(Date:12/19/2014)... , Dec. 18, 2014 Research and Markets ... of the "Micro Market Monitor: North America Perimeter ... http://photos.prnewswire.com/prnh/20130307/600769 The ... at a CAGR of 3.6% from 2014 to 2019. ... this market, Canada is expected ...
(Date:12/19/2014)... --  LaunchKey , the first decentralized mobile authentication and ... Things era, today announced the close of $3 million ... by Metamorphic Ventures with participation from ENIAC Ventures, Crosslink ... LaunchKey has raised $4 million to date, and will ... bring LaunchKey to market in 2015. LaunchKey ...
(Date:12/17/2014)... BELVOIR, Va. , Dec. 15, 2014 /PRNewswire-USNewswire/ ... efforts to make it easier to detect and ... chain. Today the agency started performing ... The capability will validate the authenticity of purchased ... chain. The new quality control measures will be ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):Micro Market Monitor: North America Perimeter Security Systems Market (Intrusion Detection Sensor, Video Surveillance, Communication/Alarm and Notification, Access Control System) 2Micro Market Monitor: North America Perimeter Security Systems Market (Intrusion Detection Sensor, Video Surveillance, Communication/Alarm and Notification, Access Control System) 3LaunchKey Raises $3 Million in Additional Funding Led by Metamorphic Ventures 2LaunchKey Raises $3 Million in Additional Funding Led by Metamorphic Ventures 3Defense Logistics Agency Launches DNA Marking Capability to Strengthen Microcircuit Supply Chain 2Defense Logistics Agency Launches DNA Marking Capability to Strengthen Microcircuit Supply Chain 3
... Service filed with the Federal Register today a proposed ... by fishermen and gourmets alike, as endangered under the ... Fisheries Service considered the report of a scientific review ... extinction. The scientific review team reported ...
... 9, 2008 Not enough American women understand that ... help prevent serious birth defects, and only 40 percent ... beginning before pregnancy, two recent surveys show. ... pregnancy is crucial because birth defects of the brain ...
... are developing a tiny sensor that could be used ... industrial chemicals and chemical warfare agents, much more quickly ... common techniques of gas chromatography and mass spectrometry and ... of a computer mouse. Eventually, the team, led by ...
Cached Biology News:New folic acid seal helps women choose enriched grain foods to help prevent birth defects 2New folic acid seal helps women choose enriched grain foods to help prevent birth defects 3MIT gas sensor is tiny, quick 2
(Date:12/19/2014)... December 18, 2014 Ed Bilsky, Ph.D., ... the Center for Excellence in the Neurosciences (CEN), and ... has been selected as a member of the prestigious ... first neuroscientist from Maine to receive this honor. , ... supported entirely by the Dana Foundation. Its mission ...
(Date:12/19/2014)... 2014 With only 2 weeks left ... on Sartorius Biohit products . The product specials include ... Electronic Pipette Trade-in Program, and free pipette tips. , ... around the world. They are ideal for lab technicians ... ,     Full volume range of 0.1 uL ...
(Date:12/17/2014)... 2014 The Activated Carbon Manufacturing ... is why IBISWorld updated its original industry research report. ... from an intensified focus on environmental policy. Over the ... standards for power plants and a range of other ... Industry Analyst Sarah Kahn, “a range of downstream industrial ...
(Date:12/17/2014)... 2014 Once more, EMAAR has ... packaged waste water treatment plant to phase one of ... (KAEC). Two years ago Bioshaft successfully supplied and operated ... two residential towers with an occupancy of 900 residences. ... million gallons per day and was signed on September ...
Breaking Biology Technology:UNE's Ed Bilsky Named Member of Dana Alliance for Brain Initiatives 2UNE's Ed Bilsky Named Member of Dana Alliance for Brain Initiatives 3Major Pipette Distributor Pipette.com Announces Sartorius Year End Specials 2Activated Carbon Manufacturing in the US Industry Market Research Report Has Been Updated from IBISWorld 2Activated Carbon Manufacturing in the US Industry Market Research Report Has Been Updated from IBISWorld 3
... The United States Food & Drug,Administration (FDA) today approved a ... HIV-1 Group M RNA, hepatitis C RNA and hepatitis B,DNA ... TaqScreen MPX,Test for use on the cobas s 201 system, ... HIV-1 Group M RNA, HIV-1 Group O RNA,HIV-2 RNA, hepatitis ...
... Common Stock to Remain Listed While it , ... Technologies, Inc. (NYSE Alternext US: PTN) today reported it ... formerly known as the American Stock Exchange), advising Palatin ... of the Exchange,s continued listing standards under Section 1003 ...
... Biosciences Corporation (Nasdaq: MATK ) announced today that ... 11th Annual Growth Conference in New York City. The ... York Palace Hotel. Peter L. Buzy, CFO will be ... Time.A live audio webcast of Martek,s presentation can be accessed ...
Cached Biology Technology:FDA Approves Most Comprehensive System to Test Donated Blood for HIV, Hepatitis B & Hepatitis C 2FDA Approves Most Comprehensive System to Test Donated Blood for HIV, Hepatitis B & Hepatitis C 3Palatin Technologies Receives Notification Letter from NYSE Alternext US 2Palatin Technologies Receives Notification Letter from NYSE Alternext US 3
... Fixed Angle Polypropylene Rotor designed for ... Centra CL3/CL3R** and Centra-MP4/MP4R*. A translucent ... /MP4, ,EXCLUSIVE polypropylene rotor design provides ... repeatedly autoclaved. Polypropylene rotors are ...
... Xcise is a powerful technology platform that ... analysis. High quality sample preparation can ... , The Xcise is a powerful technology ... throughput proteome analysis. It combines the functions ...
Request Info...
... compatible with hood installations. ... system for 384-well plates, ... prepares large quantities of ... Wellpro also performs plate ...
Biology Products: