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Alarming pattern of antibiotic use in the southeastern United States
Date:11/15/2011

n average use of antibiotics in other regions of the country as well. Check your state's antibiotics use at ResistanceMap.
  • Prescribing rates for a powerful class of antibiotics known as fluoroquinolones shot up by 49 percent from 1999 to 2007. At the same time, antibiotic resistance is increasing: these drugs are now seven times less likely to work against Escherichia coli, the most frequent cause of bacterial infections, than they were in 1999.
  • Penicillins remain the most popular antibiotics -- accounting for nearly one out of three prescriptions filled in the United States. At the same time, the market share of these standard drugs has declined by 28 percent as physicians increasingly turn to more powerful antibiotics.

    High per capita antibiotic use rates could reflect an environment in which consumers mistakenly demand antibiotics and physicians prescribe them -- when they have a cold or the flu, which are caused by viruses and cannot be treated with these drugs. However, additional research must be done to better understand the driving factors behind antibiotic use.

    The data was released today as part of Extending the Cure's ResistanceMap, an interactive web-based tool that tracks drug resistance.

    Novel Way to Track Resistance: Drug Resistance Index (DRI)

    In a report published this week in the British Medical Journal Open, Ramanan Laxminarayan, Director of Extending the Cure, and Keith P. Klugman, Professor of Global Health at Emory University, describe a first-of-its-kind index for tracking resistance. Like a Consumer Price Index (CPI) for drug resistance, the tool aggregates information about resistance trends and antibiotic use into a single measure of antibiotic resistance over time.

    Hospitals can use the DRI to track resistance levels in their facility and to measure the success of interventions including antibiotic stewardship and infection control programs. The tool also offers deci
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  • Contact: Kathy Fackelmann
    kfackelmann@burnesscommunications.com
    301-652-1558
    Burness Communications
    Source:Eurekalert

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