Navigation Links
A single stem cell mutation triggers fibroid tumors
Date:5/4/2012

CHICAGO --- Fibroid uterine tumors affect an estimated 15 million women in the United States, causing irregular bleeding, anemia, pain and infertility. Despite the high prevalence of the tumors, which occur in 60 percent of women by age 45, the molecular cause has been unknown.

New Northwestern Medicine preclinical research has for the first time identified the molecular trigger of the tumor --- a single stem cell that develops a mutation, starts to grow uncontrollably and activates other cells to join its frenzied expansion.

"It loses its way and goes wild," said Serdar Bulun, M.D., the chair of obstetrics and gynecology at Northwestern University Feinberg School of Medicine and Northwestern Memorial Hospital. "No one knew how these came about before. The stem cells make up only 1 percent of the cells in the tumor, yet they are the essential drivers of its growth."

The paper is published in the journal PLoS ONE. Masanori Ono, M.D., a post-doctoral student in Bulun's lab, is the lead author.

The stem cell initiating the tumor carries a mutation called MED12. Recently, mutations in the MED12 gene have been reported in the majority of uterine fibroid tissues. Once the mutation kicks off the abnormal expansion, the tumors grow in response to steroid hormones, particularly progesterone.

For the study, researchers examined the behavior of human fibroid stem cells when grafted into a mouse, a novel model initiated by Northwestern scientist Takeshi Kurita, a research associate professor of obstetrics and gynecology. The most important characteristic of fibroid stem cells is their ability to generate tumors. Tumors originating from the fibroid stem cell population grew 10 times larger compared to tumors initiated with the main cell population, suggesting a key role of these tumor stem cells is to initiate and sustain tumor growth.

"Understanding how this mutation directs the tumor growth gives us a new direction to develop therapies," said Bulun, also the George H. Gardner Professor of Clinical Gynecology.


'/>"/>

Contact: Marla Paul
Marla-Paul@northwestern.edu
312-503-8928
Northwestern University
Source:Eurekalert

Related biology news :

1. Nanobubbles plus chemotherapy equals single-cell cancer targeting
2. Researchers reveal how a single gene mutation leads to uncontrolled obesity
3. Columbia Engineering and Penn researchers increase speed of single-molecule measurements
4. NIST releases first certified reference material for single-wall carbon nanotubes
5. A single cell endoscope
6. Evolution at warp speed: Hatcheries change salmon genetics after a single generation
7. New Columbia engineering technique diagnoses non-periodic arrhythmias in a single heartbeat
8. Smoking a single cigarette may have immediate effect on young adults
9. Single protein, key to ebola virus infection, could aid in drug design
10. Single, key gene discovery could streamline production of biofuels
11. Rapid evolution within single crop-growing season increases insect pest numbers
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:2/6/2017)... 6, 2017 According to Acuity Market ... border authorities to continue to embrace biometric and ... 2143 Automated Border Control (ABC) eGates and 1436 ... more than 163 ports of entry across the ... achieving a combined CAGR of 37%. APC Kiosks ...
(Date:2/2/2017)... 2017  Central to its deep commitment to ... The Japan Prize Foundation today announced the laureates ... the envelope in their respective fields of Life ... are being recognized with the 2017 Japan Prize ... contribute to the advancement of science and technology, ...
(Date:1/26/2017)... -- Acuity Market Intelligence today released the 2017 "Ten ... characterizes 2017 as a "breakout" year for biometrics ... new understanding of the potential benefits these technologies ... are often perceived as threats to privacy and ... Acuity Market intelligence. "However, taken together these technologies ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):
(Date:2/24/2017)... ... February 24, 2017 , ... FireflySci, Inc is an explosive small business ... had the goal of bringing their powerful cuvette and spectrophotometer calibration to ... that FireflySci is going on as they add yet another mark on the global ...
(Date:2/23/2017)... RAFAEL, Calif., Feb. 23, 2017 ... U.S. dollars, except per share data, unaudited)Three Months Ended ... ChangeTotal BioMarin Revenue $   ...   22832%$ 1,117$   89026%Aldurazyme Net Product Revenue ... 906538%34823946%Naglazyme Net Product Revenue  ...
(Date:2/23/2017)... Feb. 23, 2017  Seattle,s upscale Capitol Hill neighborhood, with its ... place for a head lice treatment salon to set up ... Tuscan restaurant and a French bistro on E Madison Ave, ... aren,t just any old lice clinic, we pride ourselves on ... and release some of the stigma associated with lice. Everyone ...
(Date:2/23/2017)... ... February 23, 2017 , ... ... insulin, cortisol, CRP, adiponectin, uric acid, and/or other biomarkers or SNPs of interest) ... from Salimetrics’ SalivaLab , the relationship between insulin and other relevant biomarkers ...
Breaking Biology Technology: