Navigation Links
A failing sense of smell can be reversed
Date:11/20/2011

identified one smell, they were rewarded with a sip of water by going to the hole in the left side wall, for another smell they received water by going to the right side wall.

. Rats could readily distinguish between odors when a chemical had been replaced in one mixture, but when one component had simply been removed, they could not differentiate. The researchers then anesthetized the rats and inserted electrodes into their brains. Within the olfactory bulb, each smell produced a different pattern of electrical activity. But in the piriform (olfactory) cortex, a half-inch-sized area of the rat cerebral cortex, the odors that rats could tell apart produced distinct patterns of activity, while those the rats could not distinguish produced identical patterns.

Drs. Wilson and Chapuis then trained a new group of rats to discriminate between the odors the first animals couldn't tell apart by rewarding them over and over with sips water for choosing the appropriate hole. "We made them connoisseurs," says Dr. Wilson. In the rats' piriform cortex, activity patterns elicited by these similar odors were now different as well.

They trained a third group of animals to ignore the difference between odors the first rats could readily distinguish by giving them water at the same hole after exposure to either odor. This effectively dulled their sense of smell: the rats couldn't tell one smell from the other, even for a reward. Their loss of discrimination was reflected in the piriform cortex, which now produced similar electrical patterns in response to both odors.

"Our findings suggest that while olfactory impairment may reflect real damage to the sensory system, in some cases it may be a 'use it or lose it' phenomenon," says Dr. Wilson. This opens the door for potential smell training therapies that could help restore smell function in some cases. "Odor training could help fix broken noses," he says.


'/>"/>

Contact: Lorinda Klein
lorindaann.klein@nyumc.org
212-404-3533
NYU Langone Medical Center / New York University School of Medicine
Source:Eurekalert

Page: 1 2

Related biology news :

1. Mass media often failing in its coverage of global warming, says climate researcher
2. Synchronizing a failing heart
3. Wheat resistance genes failing, new approach needed to stop flies
4. Structure, not scientists to blame for Los Alamos failings
5. Painful heat sensed by painless in flies
6. Deprived of a sense of smell, worms live longer
7. Girls have superior sense of taste to boys
8. Liking sweets makes sense for kids
9. Penn State entomologists seek fungus to blunt mosquitoes sense of smell
10. Rainforest rehab in every sense
11. PRS And EmSense Partner To Integrate Bio-Sensory Measures In Packaging Research Studies
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:7/31/2015)... SHENZHEN, China , 31 de julho de 2015 ... Genômica (ICG-10, www.icg-10.org ) será realizada pela BGI de ... China . A conferência está ... inauguração em 2006, a ICG se tornou uma das ... e um dos encontros científicos mais dinâmicos, entusiastas e ...
(Date:7/31/2015)... --NXT-ID, Inc. (NASDAQ: NXTD ) ("NXT-ID" or the ... mobile commerce market and creator of the Wocket® smart ... for ELECTRONIC CRYPTO-CURRENCY MANAGEMENT METHOD AND SYSTEM ... crypto-currencies such as Bitcoin into the consumer market of ... manage all payments.  The technology manages ...
(Date:7/27/2015)... 2015   Zynx Health ™, the market ... solutions, today announced that its ZynxCarebook ™ ... Android smartphones and tablets. With this expansion, care ... use ZynxCarebook to securely exchange messages and share ... transitions to other care settings, and improve clinical ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):A 10a. Conferência Internacional sobre Genômica (ICG-10) será em outubro 2A 10a. Conferência Internacional sobre Genômica (ICG-10) será em outubro 3NXT-ID Patents Electronic Crypto-Currency Management Technology 2NXT-ID Patents Electronic Crypto-Currency Management Technology 3NXT-ID Patents Electronic Crypto-Currency Management Technology 4Zynx Health Adds Android Device Support to ZynxCarebook Solution 2Zynx Health Adds Android Device Support to ZynxCarebook Solution 3
... Jan. 6, 2011 Acceleron Pharma, Inc., a biopharmaceutical ... cells and tissues including muscle, bone, fat, red blood ... awarded a $1.5 million grant from the Muscular Dystrophy ... Muscular Dystrophy (DMD), a disabling neuromuscular disease in which ...
... that nations should abandon the concept of carbon emissions ... might lead to genuine reductions in the amount of ... provide a mechanism for reducing climate change. Details of ... Interdisciplinary Environmental Review . Carbon emissions trading ...
... The number of women who die from complications of ... last two decades thanks to improved monitoring and better ... report,s lead researcher, Joy Hawkins, MD, professor of anesthesiology ... Colorado School of Medicine, said the risks have been ...
Cached Biology News:Acceleron awarded $1.5 million grant from Muscular Dystrophy Association to support ACE-031 2Carbon swap bank to beat climate change 2Carbon swap bank to beat climate change 3Deaths from anesthesia during childbirth plummet 2
(Date:7/31/2015)... 2015 In today,s fast changing healthcare ... drive positive health outcomes, improve profitability and enhance ... care in their communities. At ThoughtSpot 2015, ... AmerisourceBergen announced a new set of innovative capabilities ... and help independent pharmacies endure the industry,s most ...
(Date:7/30/2015)... ... July 31, 2015 , ... Ralco is honored to announce that it ... Fair to be held August 5-9 in Marshall. The Ralco Enrichment Center is an ... and how agriculture impacts their daily lives. This unique exhibit also features a birthing ...
(Date:7/30/2015)... ... ... The 2015 Market Research Report on the Global Propanol Industry ... market with a focus on the Chinese situation. Major companies included in the propanol ... Sanofi, Royal Dutch Shell, LG Chem and Zhejiang Xinhua Chemical. , The report provides ...
(Date:7/30/2015)...   Senomyx , Inc. (NASDAQ: SNMX ), ... discover, develop, and commercialize novel flavor ingredients for the ... results for the second quarter 2015. ... on track to achieve our commercial and financial goals," ... the Company. "Since our last quarterly earnings report, our ...
Breaking Biology Technology:AmerisourceBergen Unveils Suite of Enhanced Capabilities for Independent Pharmacies at ThoughtSpot 2015 2AmerisourceBergen Unveils Suite of Enhanced Capabilities for Independent Pharmacies at ThoughtSpot 2015 3Ralco Announces Primary Sponsorship of Ralco Enrichment Center at Lyon County Fair 2Global Propanol Market Technical Data and Manufacturing Analysis 2020 2Global Propanol Market Technical Data and Manufacturing Analysis 2020 3SENOMYX ANNOUNCES SECOND QUARTER 2015 FINANCIAL RESULTS 2SENOMYX ANNOUNCES SECOND QUARTER 2015 FINANCIAL RESULTS 3SENOMYX ANNOUNCES SECOND QUARTER 2015 FINANCIAL RESULTS 4SENOMYX ANNOUNCES SECOND QUARTER 2015 FINANCIAL RESULTS 5SENOMYX ANNOUNCES SECOND QUARTER 2015 FINANCIAL RESULTS 6SENOMYX ANNOUNCES SECOND QUARTER 2015 FINANCIAL RESULTS 7SENOMYX ANNOUNCES SECOND QUARTER 2015 FINANCIAL RESULTS 8SENOMYX ANNOUNCES SECOND QUARTER 2015 FINANCIAL RESULTS 9
... /Xinhua-PRNewswire-FirstCall/ -- 3SBio Inc.,(Nasdaq: SSRX ), a ... and marketing biopharmaceutical,products, today announced its unaudited financial ... Second Quarter 2008 Financial Highlights: ... second quarter 2007 to ...
... To protect potential patients from,being unwitting victims in ... Stem Cell Institute LLC (RSCI),( http://www.RepairStemCells.org ) and ... of the industry,s first standards of,excellence for Repair ... RSC, also known as Adult Stem Cells. Among ...
... on Monday, August 18, 2008, ... Beginning at 1:00 PM Eastern Time, LIVINGSTON, N.J., Aug. ... in,advanced injection technologies, today announced that it plans to report,its results ... the morning,of Thursday, August 14, 2008., Milestone Scientific will also ...
Cached Biology Technology:3SBio Inc. Announces Second Quarter 2008 Results 23SBio Inc. Announces Second Quarter 2008 Results 33SBio Inc. Announces Second Quarter 2008 Results 43SBio Inc. Announces Second Quarter 2008 Results 53SBio Inc. Announces Second Quarter 2008 Results 63SBio Inc. Announces Second Quarter 2008 Results 73SBio Inc. Announces Second Quarter 2008 Results 83SBio Inc. Announces Second Quarter 2008 Results 93SBio Inc. Announces Second Quarter 2008 Results 103SBio Inc. Announces Second Quarter 2008 Results 113SBio Inc. Announces Second Quarter 2008 Results 123SBio Inc. Announces Second Quarter 2008 Results 133SBio Inc. Announces Second Quarter 2008 Results 143SBio Inc. Announces Second Quarter 2008 Results 15Repair Stem Cell Institute Announces Industry's First Standards of Excellence for Global Stem Cell Treatment Centers to Protect Patients from Less-than-Competent Therapeutics 2Milestone to Report Results for 2008 Second Quarter on Thursday, August 14, 2008 2
... Measurement of light production by luciferase-cDNA ... a valuable technique in the development of ... is used as an indicator for the ... the luciferase enzyme is due to advantages ...
... detection of apoptosis and mitochondrial membrane potential. ... early indication of the initiation of cellular ... a collapse in the electrochemical gradient across ... change in the membrane potential (YD). Loss ...
... kit measures mitochondria intactness and detects ... potential. Features and Benefits: ... staining isolated mitochondria and for assaying ... the reagents required for the detection ...
... is expressed in g per ml and is ... pH 6.8, of a 1 mg per ml ... concentration to agglutinate a 2% suspension of human ... at 25 C. Preparation Note: Affinity ...
Biology Products: