Navigation Links
A failing sense of smell can be reversed
Date:11/20/2011

identified one smell, they were rewarded with a sip of water by going to the hole in the left side wall, for another smell they received water by going to the right side wall.

. Rats could readily distinguish between odors when a chemical had been replaced in one mixture, but when one component had simply been removed, they could not differentiate. The researchers then anesthetized the rats and inserted electrodes into their brains. Within the olfactory bulb, each smell produced a different pattern of electrical activity. But in the piriform (olfactory) cortex, a half-inch-sized area of the rat cerebral cortex, the odors that rats could tell apart produced distinct patterns of activity, while those the rats could not distinguish produced identical patterns.

Drs. Wilson and Chapuis then trained a new group of rats to discriminate between the odors the first animals couldn't tell apart by rewarding them over and over with sips water for choosing the appropriate hole. "We made them connoisseurs," says Dr. Wilson. In the rats' piriform cortex, activity patterns elicited by these similar odors were now different as well.

They trained a third group of animals to ignore the difference between odors the first rats could readily distinguish by giving them water at the same hole after exposure to either odor. This effectively dulled their sense of smell: the rats couldn't tell one smell from the other, even for a reward. Their loss of discrimination was reflected in the piriform cortex, which now produced similar electrical patterns in response to both odors.

"Our findings suggest that while olfactory impairment may reflect real damage to the sensory system, in some cases it may be a 'use it or lose it' phenomenon," says Dr. Wilson. This opens the door for potential smell training therapies that could help restore smell function in some cases. "Odor training could help fix broken noses," he says.


'/>"/>

Contact: Lorinda Klein
lorindaann.klein@nyumc.org
212-404-3533
NYU Langone Medical Center / New York University School of Medicine
Source:Eurekalert

Page: 1 2

Related biology news :

1. Mass media often failing in its coverage of global warming, says climate researcher
2. Synchronizing a failing heart
3. Wheat resistance genes failing, new approach needed to stop flies
4. Structure, not scientists to blame for Los Alamos failings
5. Painful heat sensed by painless in flies
6. Deprived of a sense of smell, worms live longer
7. Girls have superior sense of taste to boys
8. Liking sweets makes sense for kids
9. Penn State entomologists seek fungus to blunt mosquitoes sense of smell
10. Rainforest rehab in every sense
11. PRS And EmSense Partner To Integrate Bio-Sensory Measures In Packaging Research Studies
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:9/29/2014)... A new study confirms that the exposure to tar ... than of regular cigarettes. Similarly, exposure to nicotine ... increasingly popular type of cigarette in several countries around ... of certain toxic chemicals in the smoke of these ... because lower levels of chemicals in the smoke are ...
(Date:9/29/2014)... NASA story from 2009, "human activities in this area of ... Palm oil is increasingly grown for use as a cooking ... foods. It has become the most widely produced edible oil ... to surpass that of soybean oil. , The environmental effects ... cleared to grow the crop, and the preferred method is ...
(Date:9/29/2014)... team says recently identified radiation detection properties of a ... for homeland security and medical advances. , In a ... of Optics Letters , UT Arlington Physics Professor ... to fabricate transparent nanoscintillators by heating nanoparticles composed of ... formed. A scintillator refers to a material that ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):Slim cigarette smokers not exposed to more harmful chemicals 2UT Arlington researchers develop new transparent nanoscintillators for radiation detection 2UT Arlington researchers develop new transparent nanoscintillators for radiation detection 3
... the Science of Food and Agriculture shows that konjac ... strains of E. coli and Salmonella bacteria. The study ... Research Centre, the Netherlands, shows that these foodstuffs act as ... themselves to the fibrous foods instead of the gut cells ...
... an ice-free region of Antarctica have discovered the last ... insects--on the interior of the southernmost continent before temperatures ... An abrupt and dramatic climate cooling of 8 degrees ... roughly 14 million years ago, forced the extinction of ...
... (August 5, 2008) A study published online today in ... two eggs for breakfast, as part of a reduced-calorie diet, ... than those who eat a bagel breakfast of equal calories. ... Journal of the American College of Nutrition , which ...
Cached Biology News:Antarctic fossils paint a picture of a much warmer continent 2Antarctic fossils paint a picture of a much warmer continent 3Antarctic fossils paint a picture of a much warmer continent 4Antarctic fossils paint a picture of a much warmer continent 5Adults who eat eggs for breakfast lose 65 percent more weight 2Adults who eat eggs for breakfast lose 65 percent more weight 3
(Date:9/30/2014)... a bio-mimicking analog of one of nature,s most ... research team led by Alejandro Briseno of the ... step in developing long-sought polymer architecture to boost ... in electronic devices. , Briseno, with colleagues ... at Stanford University and Dresden University of Technology, ...
(Date:9/30/2014)... 2014 Shimadzu Scientific Instruments has ... and highly precise tool for measuring displacement in ... With 1000-mm maximum movement distance, the DSES-1000 can ... gauge length of 10 mm. In addition, it ... 50-mm stroke and within +/- 100 µm below ...
(Date:9/30/2014)... Proove Biosciences , the commercial and research leader ... genetic test built upon research from their published P.A.I.N. ... provide physicians with an objective way to understand theirs ... between individuals. With this new test, physicians will be ... predisposition that will affect their pain tolerance. , The ...
(Date:9/30/2014)... CORD:USE Cord Blood Bank – www.corduse.com ... entered into an Equity and Exclusive Services Agreement with ... of patented technologies for the isolation of human cord ... is performing Phase I/II clinical trials in ... using Tianhe,s Stem Cell Educator Therapy showing that the ...
Breaking Biology Technology:Blades of grass inspire advance in organic solar cells 2Blades of grass inspire advance in organic solar cells 3Shimadzu’s New Long-Travel Extensometer Increases Precision for Soft Material Testing 2Proove Biosciences is Now Offering the Proove Pain Perception Genetic Test to Help Physicians Assess Patient Pain Tolerance Levels 2Proove Biosciences is Now Offering the Proove Pain Perception Genetic Test to Help Physicians Assess Patient Pain Tolerance Levels 3CORD:USE is Pleased to Announce it has Partnered with Tianhe Stem Cell Biotechnologies, Developer of Cord Blood Stem Cell Therapy Showing Promising Results in Clinical Trials for the Treatment of Diabetes and Autoimmune Diseases 2CORD:USE is Pleased to Announce it has Partnered with Tianhe Stem Cell Biotechnologies, Developer of Cord Blood Stem Cell Therapy Showing Promising Results in Clinical Trials for the Treatment of Diabetes and Autoimmune Diseases 3CORD:USE is Pleased to Announce it has Partnered with Tianhe Stem Cell Biotechnologies, Developer of Cord Blood Stem Cell Therapy Showing Promising Results in Clinical Trials for the Treatment of Diabetes and Autoimmune Diseases 4
... CSA Medical, Inc. ( www.CSAmedical.com ... technology and business plans for its proprietary spray ... Medical will be one of only eleven companies ... companies in total will present across three categories. ...
... health care startups reported $572 million in total investments ... 2010, according to the BioEnterprise Midwest ... year, while the total dollar ... of companies financed remains the same.   ...
... SAN DIEGO, Oct. 28 Orexigen® Therapeutics, Inc. (Nasdaq: ... of obesity, will announce financial results for the third quarter ... markets close. The announcement will be followed by a live ... Orexigen management will host the call and webcast ...
Cached Biology Technology:CSA Medical Selected to Present at Mid-Atlantic Bio Conference 2Midwest Health Care Startups Raise $572 Million Through Q3 2010 2Midwest Health Care Startups Raise $572 Million Through Q3 2010 3
Experion spin filters are used to filter the gel matrix and gel stain solution prior to use with the Experion automated electrophoresis system. Supplied as 10 spin filters....
The model 55D Rocking Shaker provides the same Reliable quality as the 55S, but double the value. The 55D gives you an additional platform with a height of 3.25 in....
... The membrane filters suitable for use in ... on top of each filter, in a specially ... ,The special pleating of the band of membrane ... when dispensed. The shape of the sealed band ...
... [RS17 ] to PRKAR2 cAMP is ... of cellular functions. cAMP exerts its effects ... which transduces the signal through phosphorylation of ... AMPK is a tetramer composed of two ...
Biology Products: